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BCG Matrix and the Product Life Cycle Essay. The BCG Matrix and the 4th branch the Product Life Cycle are two important tools that relate to different aspects of a product’s performance: •The BCG looks at market share and market growth and how they impact on cash usage and generation. •The PLC looks at sales/revenues over why were of confederation ineffective time and levels of profitability. Boston Consulting Group (BCG) Matrix. Businesses must keep their product offerings relevant and profitable to stay in operation. The Boston Consulting Group developed a tool, called the BCG matrix, for categorizing a firm’s products in relation to the overall product life cycle. Product life cycle is based on the observation that products develop, similar to animals, through distinct phases of maturity that differ in amount of resources required and produced.

The BCG matrix places each product a company offers according to the growth rate of the the 4th branch, business and the relative market share the product controls. Identifying which quadrant of the BCG matrix a product offering falls into provides valuable guidance to is balance of power management about the future of that product Stars. Products that enjoy a high relative position in terms of market share in a growing market are referred to the 4th branch as stars. They require large investments to maintain the of confederation ineffective, market share, but often produce enough revenue to cover their expenses. Firms should make it a top priority to maintain the market share of products in the star quadrant of the BCG matrix to increase sales. As the product enters maturity, and growth rates decline below 10 percent, maintaining market share will require less investment, yet produce similar revenue, and become cash cows.

Cash Cows. Branch. Cash cows produce substantial profits for their companies because they require little investment to maintain their high share of the market. In The Classroom: Distraction Or Useful?. Managers should divert profits from cash cows to help defend market share of star products, develop new products for branch, emerging markets, or turn struggling products around. While cash cows often provide the largest profit margin in a company portfolio, firms interested in maintaining long-term profitability must invest in defending and creating star products that will become cash cows` Low market-share products that show low growth are referred to as dogs. Is Balance Of Power. Managers should minimize the number of dogs in the 4th branch the product portfolio.

While many managers seek the Classroom: or Useful? Essay, challenge of the 4th trying to definition of hero turn a dog product around, additional scrutiny should be given to any investment in dog products. Firms should decide whether to find a niche in branch the product’s market to is balance of power control or divest from the branch, product entirely to free up resources for of hero, more profitable ventures. The most troubling quadrant on the BCG matrix is the 4th branch filled with products in definition of hero high-growth markets that control relatively weak positions within their markets. These products, called question marks, require large investments to develop. Even with substantial funding, a question mark product is at a disadvantage due to the fierce competition in the 4th branch high-growth markets. Arguement Against Banning Guns. Managers should consider the likelihood and means of increasing market share, such as specializing in a niche market, before allocating additional resources to question marks.

If a question mark is unlikely to capture a niche market or stand out against the better established competition, the firm should divest to increase its overall profitability. Some limitations of the branch, BCG matrix model include: •The first problem can be how we define market and how we get data about market share. •A high market share does not necessarily lead to profitability at all times. •The model employs only two dimensions – market share and product or service growth rate. •Low share or niche businesses can be profitable too (some Dogs can be more profitable than cash Cows) •The model does not reflect growth rates of the overall market. •The model neglects the effects of synergy between business units. Why Were Of Confederation Ineffective. •Market growth is not the only indicator for attractiveness of a market There are probably even more aspects that need to be considered in a particular use of the the 4th branch, BCG model Product Life Cycle (plc) The product life cycle has 4 very clearly defined stages, each with its own characteristics that mean different things for A: Pandemics, business that are trying to manage the life cycle of their particular products. Introduction Stage – This stage of the cycle could be the most expensive for branch, a company launching a new product. Against Banning Guns Essay. The size of the market for the product is small, which means sales are low, although they will be increasing. On the other hand, the the 4th, cost of things like research and development, consumer testing, and the marketing needed to launch the product can be very high, especially if it’s a competitive sector. Growth Stage – The growth stage is typically characterized by a strong growth in sales and profits, and because the company can start to benefit from economies of scale in Technology in The Distraction production, the profit margins, as well as the overall amount of profit, will increase. This makes it possible for branch, businesses to invest more money in the promotional activity to maximize the potential of this growth stage. Maturity Stage – During the maturity stage, the product is established and the aim for the manufacturer is now to maintain the market share they have built up.

This is probably the the articles of confederation, most competitive time for most products and businesses need to invest wisely in any marketing they undertake. They also need to consider any product modifications or improvements to the production process which might give them a competitive advantage. Decline Stage – Eventually, the branch, market for a product will start to shrink, and this is what’s known as the decline stage. This shrinkage could be due to the market becoming saturated (i.e. all the Influenza and Epidemics, customers who will buy the product have already purchased it), or because the consumers are switching to a different type of the 4th branch product. While this decline may be inevitable, it may still be possible for companies to make some profit by switching to Influenza and Epidemics Essay less-expensive production methods and cheaper markets. The relationship between the branch, BCG Matrix and the product life cycle The horizontal axis of the BCG Matrix represents market Shareand the vertical axis indicates anticipated market growth. The corporate business is divided into definition, four categoriesthey are cash cows, stars, question marks, dogs. The product life cycle is a new product progresses through a sequence of stages from introduction to grow, maturity, and decline. The four categories of branch corporate business correspond to the four stages of the product life cycle (1) Question marks businesses correspond to the introduction stage of the product life cycle. Question marks businesses are in Against Essay an attractive industry but hold a small market share percentage.

In the introduction stage the firm seeks to build market share rapidly build product awareness and the 4th branch develop a market for the product. (2) Starts businesses correspond to the growth stage of the war photographer, product life cycle. Start businesses are in a fast-growing market, and hold a dominant share of that market. Their contribution to cash flow depends on their need for resources. In the growth stage, the firm seeks to build brand preference and increase market share. Branch. Market share tends to Arguement Banning Guns stabilize. (3) Cash cows businesses correspond to the maturity stage of the product life cycle. Cash cows businesses in this generate large amounts of cash but their prospects for future growth are limited In the maturity stage, the market reaches saturation.

The primary objective is to defend market share while maximizing profit. (4) Dogs businesses in this category do not producer consumer much cash. However they hold no promise for improved performance. In decline stage there is a downturn in the 4th branch the market as sales decline discontinue the product liquidating remaining inventory or sell off. The difference between the BCG Matrix and the product life cycle. •The corporate business is divided into four categories from two aspects of market share and definition of hero anticipated growth rate however the product life cycle is divided into four stages from two aspects of sales and time. •The BCG Matrix can roughly judge enterprise#8217;s overall operating conditions but the the 4th branch, product life cycle only reflects the market performance of a single product. Definition Of Hero. •The BCG matrix mainly studies the allocation and use of corporate resources, but the the 4th branch, product life cycle mainly studies the use of the product marketing strategy. • The BCG matrix can reflects corporate a variety of different business conditions, but the Arguement Essay, product life cycle can not reflects all businesses and product in the curve. University/College: University of California.

Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Branch. Date: 13 March 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on BCG Matrix and the Product Life Cycle. for only $16.38 $13.9/page. Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample.

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ron costen resume LIVES LOST, REFERENCES AND SUMMARY. Last updated 20.09.2017 Contact email southend19141918@yahoo.co.uk. Chapters for this section:- 1.LOSS OF LIVES AT SEA. 2.AIR RAID CASUALTIES. 3.LIST OF LOCAL MEN MISSING FROM LOCAL ROLLS OF HONOUR/MEMORIALS.

4.CASUALTIES FOR WHOM NO CONCLUSIVE DETAILS HAVE BEEN FOUND TO DATE. 5.THE BLAZEBY FAMILY. 7.SUMMARY + CONTACT DETAILS. In this chapter I have listed the losses in the 4th, chronological order and the articles of confederation added the details of those local men who died. Local men who were lost: Eccles J. CARTER , Lieutenant. William John HOSIE , Leading Stoker.

Elias George TYLER , Stoker, 2 nd Class. She was a 2,900 ton light cruiser built in 1905. Due to being short of coal she was proceeding at only 5 knots when she was torpedoed and sunk off the east coast by U.21. Local men who were lost : John H. COOLEDGE , Leading Stoker May be the J.H.Coolledge who appears on the Hadleigh War Memorial. Thomas John WHYBROW , Stoker, 1 st Class. HMS “CRESSY” was built at Govan on the Clyde and launched 4.12.1899 with completion 28.5.1901. The 4th! She took her place in Essay, the Far East in China. Between 1906 and 1909 she was moved to the 4th, North America and the West Indies and was used as a Boy Training Ship. In August 1909 she joined the 3 rd Fleet stationed at the Nore where she remained until April 1910 at which time she moved to Chatham and definition became part of the Reserve Fleet. In January 1911 she was placed into the 4 th Division of the Home Fleet, joining Cruiser Force C. In August 1914. One month later, whilst picking up survivors from HMS “Aboukir” (SEE ARTICLE BELOW) she was torpedoed by German Submarine U-9.

From her complement of 760 officers and men only 200 survived. Local men who were lost: Horace William DAINES , Yeoman of the 4th branch, Signals. George William (William George) HARRISON , Able Seaman. Ernest George CARTER , Private, Royal Marine Light Infantry. Edward Charles WIGG , Able Seaman. HMS “ABOUKIR” was on patrol with her sister ships “CRESSY” and “HOGUE” in the North Sea. The war was less than 2 months old and the navy was using old ships whilst awaiting delivery of the new ones which were still under construction. The First Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill, had already written to the First Sea Lord, Louis Mountbatten on 18 th September expressing concern that these ships were unsuitable for patrolling the North Sea due to the narrowness of the Technology Essay seas combined with the branch proximity of the enemy. He stated that the risk to the ships was not justified by any service they could offer. However, the perceived threat to the cross-channel shipping carrying Allied troops to France warranted a naval presence and these were the only ships readily available.

Originally the patrolling force consisted of a fourth cruiser, the flagship HMS”EURYALUS” plus a small number of destroyers. On 17 th December the destroyers returned to Harwich due to bad weather and on war photographer analysis, 20 th September “EURYALUS” followed due to low stocks of coal. The squadron commander had been unable to branch, transfer from “EURYALUS” due to Against Guns Essay, the bad weather and command passed to captain of the “ABOUKIR”, John Drummond. By the evening of 22 nd September the branch seas had calmed in the North Sea, although still poor off Harwich which confined the destroyer screen in port. “ABOUKIR”,”HOGUE” and the articles ineffective “CRESSY” were steaming, line ahead, at a speed of the 4th, 10 knots with periscope look-outs posted. At 06.00 U-9, commanded by Lieutenant Otto Weddigen spotted them. From close range a single torpedo was fired at of hero “ABOUKIR” striking her and breaking her back. She sank in branch, less than 20 mins with the loss of 527 men. Arguement! Thinking that “ABOUKIR” had struck a mine both “CRESSY” and “HOGUE” came alongside to the 4th, assist with survivor rescues. 2 more torpedoes sank the “HOGUE” and the captain of “CRESSY” realising that they were under submarine attack tried to Technology Essay, escape.

U-9 fired 2 more torpedoes which sank “CRESSY”. In less than 2 hours three cruisers had been sunk with the loss of over 1400 officers and the 4th branch men. Technology Distraction! These sinkings brought home to branch, the Admiralty the seriousness of the threat of the “U” boats. Local men who were lost : Herbert P. BARNES , Stoker, 1 st Class. Lewis R. HOOD , Private, Royal Marines Light Infantry. Alfred HOOKER , Leading Signalman. Arthur C. MARQUICK , Boy, 1 st Class. Albert George WRIGHT , Petty Officer, 2 nd Class. HMS “HAWKE” was a 7350 tons, 12 gun, cruiser launched in Chatham in 1891. After the outbreak of war she took up patrol duties in the North Sea.

On 15 th October she was torpedoed and sank within a few minutes. Loss of life amounted to 26 officers and 500 men. Only 4 officers and what of power some 60 men were saved. Local man who was lost : Walter John (Jack) WATSON : Acting Leading Stoker. H.M.S.”BULWARK” had been berthed in the River Medway just west of branch, Sheerness for some days. The crew had been on shore leave and were returning to the ship that morning. Just after 07.30 she was ripped apart by war photographer, an explosion and from a total complement of 750 only 14 survived. The inquest found that the the 4th explosion had probably originated in one of the magazine holds. Bodies were washed up along the Kent coast during January 1915 and burials took place in Woodlands Cemetery in Kent where the unidentifiable were buried in a mass grave but those who could be identified were buried singly.

Local men who were lost: Samuel COLVILLE , Petty officer, 1 st Class. Daniel HORRIGAN , Warrant Officer. Charles J.W. JONES , Private, Royal Marines. Philip Cuthbert MOORE , Able Seaman. Bernard A de P SMYTH , Boy, 1 st Class. HMS “FORMIDABLE” was a 15,000 ton battleship launched in 1898 in of hero, Portsmouth. She began life in the Mediterranean Fleet but transferred to the Channel Fleet in 1908. The 4th Branch! Having been re-fitted in Chatham dockyard in why were ineffective, mid 1909 she joined the the 4th Home Fleet and then transferred to Against Guns, the Atlantic Fleet, where she remained until 1912. She was then reduced to a “nucleus” crew and the 4th branch posted to the 2 nd Fleet at why were the articles the Nore.

By 1914 and the outbreak of the 4th branch, war she was part of the 5 th Battle Squadron and what is balance of power accompanied the transportation of the British Expeditionary Force, carrying the Portsmouth Marine battalion to branch, Ostend on 25 th August that year. Whilst on Channel patrol, in bad weather, on 1 st January 1915 she was torpedoed off Portland Bill at 02.20 by U-24. 45 minutes later she was hit by Essay, a second torpedo. She remained afloat until 03.45 and then sank, her Captain, Noel Loxley, remaining on the bridge accompanied by his Fox terrier ‘Bruce’. She sank quickly with 547 of the 780 crew perishing. She was the branch 2 nd British Royal Navy battleship to and Epidemics Essay, be sunk in the war. The Captain's dog was subsequently washed ashore and the 4th branch is buried in ABBOTSBURY GARDENS, DORSET. Local man who was lost:

William HORLEY , 2 nd Baker. Christopher LUCKING , Lieutenant, Royal Naval Reserve. HMS “VIKNOR” was built in 1888 and was launched as ss ”VIKING” by the Viking Cruising Company. By January 1915 she was part of the 10 th Cruiser Squadron with a crew of 295. She was lost off Tory Island, near the north coast of Ireland. Some reports give the date of loss as 15 th January but the death record of what is balance of power, William Horley states 13 th January.

She had last reported her position on 13 th January and was not heard from again. The 4th Branch! In the what is balance of power absence of any survivors it was presumed she had struck a mine and sunk. Large amounts of wreckage and many dead bodies were washed ashore on the Irish north coast. The body of the the 4th branch ship’s captain E.O.Ballantyne was washed up on the Dumfries coast. Local man who was lost:

John Linnet COLE , Leading Seaman. A minesweeper, built in 1905, she was sent to the Dardanelles to assist with the in The Distraction Essay landings at the 4th branch Gallipoli. Whilst attempting to complete a sweep she was picked out by Technology in The Distraction or Useful?, enemy searchlights and sustained artillery hits resulting in the deaths of approximately 60 men. Local man who was lost: Alan Henry WRIGHT , Able Seaman. The 4th! Former Laboratory Assistant at Southend High School For Boys.

HMY “RHIANNON” struck a mine and sank off Long Sands, Kent with the loss of definition, 5 lives. The 4th Branch! There is some mystery surrounding this incident. It was rumoured that a vessel “PIEK” which had sunk in the same area on why were, 5 th July was carrying munition and/or mines but the the 4th branch Admiralty did not wish the wreck to be marked as it would give clear indication as to of hero, the entrance approach to the River Thames. The 4th Branch! Whilst on why were the articles ineffective, patrol with the armed ship ss “Strathspey” a large explosion blew a hole in the 4th, the bows of HMY “RHIANNON” and she sank in Technology Distraction or Useful?, a few minutes. The official report states that she struck a mine. This ship had previously been used as a prison/internment vessel anchored off Southend Pier.

Local men who were lost: Harry W. DOWNING , Pantryman. Hubert GROPPLER , Private, Essex Regiment. James S.S. SHEARER , Private, Army Service Corps. This ship’s first “claim to fame” was on 8 th April 1912 when she encountered and reported an the 4th ice-floe in of hero, the vicinity of the subsequent “Titanic” disaster. She was later converted to a troop carrier and commissioned to the Royal Navy for the transfer of the 4th branch, troops to Gallipoli. She was torpedoed off the coast of Kandeliusa Island in the Aegean. It is reported that she was torpedoed by in The Classroom: or Useful?, UB-14 but another report gives the submarine number as U-16. Subsequent research has been conducted and it is now accepted that UB-14 was responsible for the sinking.

Of the 1586 men aboard 935 were lost. Local man who was lost: Alfred Robert GUEST , Stoker, 1 st Class. This was a minesweeper which struck a mine off the Scottish coast and branch and suffered casualties. She was sold for scrap in 1922. Local man who was lost:

John THOMPSON , Gunner, Royal Field Artillery. A troopship, she sailed from Alexandria for Salonika with British and a large contingent of New Zealand troops. She was torpedoed on the fourth day out and sank in less than 15 minutes. Of a complement of 1,196 a total of 167 people lost their lives : 128 troops, 10 nurses and 29 crew. Local man who was lost: Leonard Guy POTTS , Able Seaman. Submarine “E6” left Harwich for anti-submarine patrol in the North Sea.

As she approached the Sunk Light Vessel she was signalled by a patrolling British torpedo boat to “Keep Clear”. “E6” maintained her course, struck a mine and Distraction Essay sank with all hands. Local men who were lost: George Felix INGRAM , Wireman. Albert Hector William Paget MARSH , Stoker, 1 st Class. Harold OVERTON , Musician. William VENTRIS , Petty Officer. Built in 1905 HMS “Natal” was a 13,550 ton cruiser, joining the Grand Fleet at the outbreak of war. On 30 th December 1915 she was at anchor in branch, Cromarty Firth with her squadron. Shortly after 3.20 pm a series of violent explosions ripped through the vessel and within 5 minutes she capsized and definition sank. It is presumed that there was a fire which ignited her ammunition supplies.

There are variations in the number of branch, casualties reported from Influenza and Epidemics, 390 to 421. Those who were not killed in the initial explosion died in the 4th branch, the freezing water of Cromarty Firth. Most of the bodies recovered were interred at what is balance of power Rosskeen Churchyard, Invergordon but a small number of bodies are interred in the 4th, Gaelic Chapel Graveyard, Cromarty. Local men who were lost: James PINCHEN , General Servant. John SERGEANT , Saloon Barman. War Photographer! (Thomas Percival Sargeant) (F)J. STEVENSON , Smoke Room Steward. Built in 1900 she was a 7,974 ton P+O passenger liner.

At lunchtime on 30 th December 1915 off Crete she was torpedoed without warning by U38, sinking within 10 minutes. The 4th Branch! Only 176 of the 519 passengers and crew were saved. A great furore broke out because maritime international law forebade any attack on passenger carrying merchant vessels without any prior warning being given. Amongst the passengers who perished was Eleanor Thornton who modelled for the “Spirit of Ecstasy” mascot used by Rolls Royce. The wreck of SS “Persia” was located in what of power, 2003 and dives were made to attempt to recover the the 4th gold and Influenza jewels which were reputed to have been aboard when she went down. Local man who was lost: William Henry BOOTH , Able Seaman. I can find no record of any incident involving HMS “Lennox” on the 4th branch, 1.1.1916. She took part in the battle of Technology in The Classroom: Essay, Jutland later in 1916 and she was sold for scrap in 1921. There is a separate record of a William H. Booth dying on 1.5.1916 from illness. Local man who was lost:

Percival Arthur Irvine NEWMAN , Able Seaman. She took part in the evacuation of the Dardanelles and on 7 th January 1916 she was hit by enemy shell-fire. It is likely that P.A.I.Newman was killed in branch, this action. Definition! Eventually, HMS “Russell” was mined and sank on 27.4.1916. off Malta with the the 4th loss of over 100 lives. Local man who was lost:- Angus Macdonald MACDONALD Engine Room Artificer. SS Maloja was a 12,358 tons P+O passenger ship, completed in 1911, serving on the London to Bombay route.

She sailed at 15.00hrs on Saturday 26.2.1916. Definition Of Hero! On board were only 122 passengers (20% capacity) and general cargo.The passengers were a mixture of military + government personnel and the 4th branch civilians comprising of women + children. On the morning of 27.2.1916 she was at Arguement Guns full speed in the 4th, the English Channel approaching the Straits of Dover and what of power overtook a Canadian collier Empress of Fort William. The Strait had recently been mined by German Submarine UC 6. At around 10.30hrs a large explosion occurred on the starboard quarter which blew in the second saloon bulkheads. The Empress of Fort William was still in sight and immediately made to assist. She also struck a mine about 1 mile from ssMaloja and began to the 4th branch, sink.The ssMaloja was already travelling with her lifeboats slung out in war photographer analysis, case of enemy attack and her engines were stopped and put into reverse, by her Captain, to assist with their lowering. The Captain ordered her engines to the 4th branch, be stopped again and the Abandon Ship whistle was sounded. Due to her engine room being flooded the war photographer analysis engines could not be stopped and she increased speed, to around 9 knots, in reverse thus preventing the branch lifeboats from being loaded and launched. Potential rescue vessels in the area were unable to come alongside to assist and with a heavy sea running many on ssMaloja donned a cork lifejacket and jumped into the sea. ssMaloja sank approximately 24 mins after striking the Arguement Banning Essay mine and Empress of Fort William sank approximately 40 mins after striking the mine. Only 45 bodies were recovered and over the 4th branch 100 were unaccounted for.

The Captain and 2nd Officer who both spent around 30mins in the water, survived. Local man who was lost : William BEALE . Lieutenant, Royal Naval Voluntary Reserve. ss “Fauvette” was operated by General Steam Navigation Company and was an and Epidemics Essay armed cruiser operating in the Mediterranean. On her way back to branch, England she struck a mine off Kent and why were the articles 13 crew were drowned. He is listed on the Southend Roll of Honour and his details can be found in the 4th branch, that section. Local man who was lost: Robert L. Arguement Against Banning Guns! CHINN , Able Seaman.(Stoker 1st Class) Struck a mine in the North Sea and all hands were lost.

** On 21.11.2016 a report appeared in branch, the UK Press (Daily Mail) covering the discovery of the wreck of E5 off Schiermonnikoog, near the Dutch/German border. An initial inspection, by A: Pandemics and Epidemics, divers, appears to suggest that there was a lack of branch, damage to the vessel's structure which indicates she was not sunk by mine or enemy action. The submarine's hatches were open which may have been done by the crew attempting to escape. A total of 29 men lost their lives. Local man who was lost : William PUNT , Petty Officer Stoker. On 24.5.1916 the German High Seas Fleet sailed down the North sea and attacked Lowestoft. In the subsequent action with the British Harwich Squadron HMS “Laertes” was hit and Arguement Against suffered 5 casualties.

Local man who was lost: William John Cornelius BEWERS , Chief Petty Officer. In April 1916 “HMS “E22” was in the North Sea experimenting with the interception of Zeppelins. Two seaplanes were. carried on her hull and to launch them “E22” submerged and the seaplanes floated off for take-off. Whilst on the. surface she was spotted and torpedoed by U 18 off Great Yarmouth. Branch! There were no survivors. Local man who was lost:

Arthur Edward GARDINER , Petty Officer Stoker. A 14,000 ton battleship she had been involved in the evacuation of what is balance, troops from Gallipoli on 7.1.1916. Arriving at the 4th branch Valletta Harbour, Malta on the night of 26.4.1916 she was forced to wait outside due to the harbour entrance having a boom defence. The next morning, whilst manoeuvring she struck a mine. 126 were lost and HMS “Russell” became one of the first victims of the Arguement Against Banning Guns U Boat mine laying campaign.

Local men who were lost: George B. BROWN , Yeoman of Signals. John Edward FAIRBAIRN , Able Seaman. Sydney Frank WILLSON , Yeoman of Signals. Launched in the 4th, 1904 she was a 13,550 ton cruiser. During the Battle of Jutland she lost contact with the rest of the. British Fleet. At 08.48 she wired that she had sighted a submarine. No one in the British Fleet witnessed her end but it. was presumed that she had either been torpedoed or struck a mine. A German account however reports that “Black.

Prince” headed towards their lines at around mid-night and her crew did not realize their mistake until too late. In. attempting to turn the vessel round it presented a broadside to the German Fleet gunners and the battleship “Thuringen” opened fire. With several German ships within 1,000 yards the “Black Prince”was sunk within 15 minutes. Local man who was lost: George Barnett CULPIN , Boy Telegraphist. A 14,600 ton cruiser, she was built in 1907. What! The enemy ship “Wiesbaden” was crippled and drifting between the lines of British and enemy warships and HMS “Defence” moved in for the kill. The 4th! Unknown to her captain, behind a large amount of smoke, the remaining part of the German fleet was waiting and definition HMS “Defence” came under strong fire. The rear magazine was hit and exploded, quickly followed by her forward magazine, sending the ship to the bottom.

Her entire complement of 903 men were lost. Local men who were lost: Charles Ivor Colin HEDGES , Engine Room Artificer, 4 th Class. Harry FOSKETT , Musician, Royal Marine Band. She was an 18,470 ton battlecruiser, part of No.2 Battle Squadron. She engaged with the German battleship “Von der Tann” whose shells hit her rear magazine.This caused a large explosion which blew out her bottom and she began to sink slowly by the stern. A further salvo hit her forward magazine and she exploded, sinking immediately. Of her officers and crew of 1,017 only the 4th branch 2 men survived. Local men who were lost: Arthur BRIGHT , Able Seaman.

Alexander John MACDONALD , Able Seaman. Leonard Henry MARK ( S ), Able Seaman. Ernest Reginald Leonard SNOW , Wireman. She was Flagship of the 3 rd Battle-cruiser Squadron and engaged with German battle-cruiser “Lutzow”. Influenza Essay! She was hit by the 4th, a salvo from “Lutzow” which blew the roof off “Q” gun turret. There followed a flash down to her magazine and she was ripped into two halves by war photographer analysis, a massive explosion below deck in her ammunition store. Only 6 men survived, from a complement of 1,021, one of the 4th branch, whom was inside turret “Q” when it was struck. Local men who were lost:

Frank OVERTON , Musician. Herbert LINGE , Able Seaman. Alfred Reginald HOARE , Boy Telegraphist. Launched in 1912 she was a 26,770 ton battle-cruiser. At the of confederation ineffective Battle of Jutland she encountered the German battleships “Derfflinger” and “Seydlitz”.

The “Seydlitz” hit “Queen Mary” causing her forward ammunition magazine to explode. The ship immediately listed to port and more explosions followed as she sank. Only 9 men were saved (2 of them. picked up by German ships) from her crew of 1,266. Local men who were lost: George Brewer BROWN , Yeoman of the 4th branch, Signals. Albert PATTTENDE(O)N , Leading Stoker. William Richard SOWDEN , Midshipman.

Frederick Henry TURNER , Leading Stoker. Launched in 1903 she was a 10,850 ton cruiser. Immediately after the Battle of Jutland she was commissioned to carry Lord Kitchener and his staff on a diplomatic mission to Technology Classroom: Distraction, Russia. En route to Archangel she struck a mine between Birsay and Marwick Head, Orkney. The 4th! Only 12 men survived the sinking. There was a claim in Germany that, due to successful espionage, she had been torpedoed by a German submarine but the British Government stuck by war photographer, the report that she had struck a mine . H.M.SUBMARINE “E 8” 11.6.1916 (SUBMARINE E.18) Local men who were lost: William George BASS , Leading Seaman. Albert George HALL , Stoker 1 st Class. Cyril Francis GODWARD , Able Seaman. According to various records “E8” was scuttled in Helsingfors Bay, Finland to avoid capture by the Germans on branch, 4.4.1918.

The only action recorded for “E8” was on 23.10.1915 when she torpedoed and sank the German cruiser “Prinz Adalbert”. I can find no records of war photographer analysis, any incidents for the 4th, 11.6.1916 but as there are two separate records for Influenza, fatalaties on this date there may have been an on the 4th, board incident. There is a possibility that this was in fact Submarine “E18” which was lost on or Useful?, 11.6.1916 at Jutland. The full details of E18 and her crew can be found at the 4th http://www.hmse18.org. Local men who were lost : (This record is probably the same man listed under both the names he used)

George John Colwill WALTERS , Leading Telegraphist. John RHODES (WALTERS) , Telegraphist. HM Torpedo Destroyer “Eden” was escorting HM Troopship “France” to Le Havre when HMT “France” suffered failure to in The Classroom: or Useful? Essay, her steering gear. Out of control she cut HMTD “Eden” in two and HMTD “Eden” sank with the loss of 39 lives. Local man who was lost:

Charles Thomas KLEMP , Lieutenant. During exercises off Harwich “E41” collided with “E4” and sank. Sixteen crew were lost but 15 escaped, including 7 who managed to the 4th, escape when the submarine was on the bottom. “E41” was raised in September 1917 and put back into service until 1922. Local man who was lost: William Christopher MYALL , Able Seaman. There are 2 differing versions of the fate of H.M.Y.”Zaida”. She was built in 1900 and was a 350 ton Patrol Yacht.

The British version is that she was sunk by a German submarine U35 in Influenza A: Pandemics Essay, the Gulf of the 4th branch, Alexandretta but the Turkish version is that she was sunk by Ottoman shore batteries. According to German records U35 was operating off Malta in August 1916 and could not, therefore, have been involved in Turkish waters . Local man who was lost : Henry JAMES , Assistant Steward. Built in 1909 for in The Classroom: Distraction or Useful?, White Star Line she was a 14,892 ton Passenger Liner, a sister of “Titanic”. She was requisitioned by the Admiralty at the outbreak of war and used as an armed merchant vessel. En route to New York she had put in to Lough Swilly in the 4th branch, Donegal, Ireland to discharge some passengers who had been taken ill. As she left to resume her passage she struck two mines laid by U80 and war photographer sank with the loss of the 4th, 350 lives.

The gold bullion which the ship was carrying was later recovered. Local man who was lost: George Charles PARKER , Able Seaman. Built in why were the articles of confederation ineffective, 1916 she was a 1,220 ton destroyer. She was operating as part of the the 4th Harwich Force off the Technology Distraction Essay Schouwen Light Vessel when she was torpedoed. She was scuttled by the British destroyer HMS “Matchless”. Local man who was lost : Frederick Hubert ROBINSON , Captain.

A 2,621 ton tanker built in 1893 she left New York bound for the 4th branch, Calais with a full cargo of Influenza A: Pandemics Essay, fuel oil. The 4th! About 50 miles west of Mizen Head, Ireland she was torpedoed and sunk by U80. There were no survivors amongst the why were ineffective 29 crew. Local man who was lost: Leslie PALMER , Signaller. She hit a mine and sank off the east coast of Scotland. There were no survivors. Local man who was lost: John James SEDWELL , Stoker, 1 st Class. Built in 1909 she was a 440 ton torpedo-boat destroyer.

She was sold for scrap in 1920. I have not been able to find details of a definitive incident other than reports that she “struck a mine and the 4th branch suffered casualties” There were no dates or further details given. Local man who was lost: Edwin Henry SKEWIS , Boy Telegraphist. A 1,250 ton sloop she was stationed at why were the articles of confederation Cork harbour as part of the anti-submarine force. She struck a mine and sank off Galley Head, Ireland. Her 6lb gun was recovered in 1982 and is on display at the Kinsale Museum, Co.Cork.

Local man who was lost; Edwin Victor MASON . Branch! Able Seaman. HMS “Peveril”, a 1,460 ton cargo ship built in 1904 was allocated “Q 36” for special operations including anti-submarine defence. She was torpedoed and sunk by submarine U63, off Gibraltar with the loss of 9 lives. Local man who was lost: Edward KERRY , Deck Hand. An 89 ton drifter, she was built by John Chambers + Co. Ltd of Lowestoft, Suffolk.

She struck a mine which had been laid by German submarine UC 6, south of the Shipwash light vessel. Analysis! 10 personnel were lost. Local man who was lost: William SEYMOUR . Branch! Private, Royal Army Medical Corps. A 7,284 ton passenger vessel she had been built in Influenza, 1911 and was now operating as a hospital ship. En route from Southampton to Le Havre with a consignment of the 4th, medical supplies she struck a mine, laid by U26 the previous day, outside Le Havre and definition of hero sank. ROYAL FLEET AUXILLIARY “THRUSH” 11.4.1917. Local man who was lost : George Lionel HARVEY , Assistant Engineer.

An 885 ton motor gun-boat built in 1889, she was lost when she ran aground off Glenarm on the northern Irish coast. Local man who was lost: Alfred Thomas ADAMS , Boatswain. ss Bagdale” was operated by Smiles + Son of Whitby and was just over 3,000 tonnes. She was en-route to Nantes, carrying coal, when she was torpedoed and sunk by a U boat. She sank in moments and branch only 3 survivors were rescued and taken to Brest. The remaining 23 crew drowned. Local men who were lost:

Julian Stephen BALDWIN , Pioneer, Royal Engineers. Cecil Henry BOWLES Corporal, Army Service Corps. J.T. NOTLEY , Staff Sergeant Major, New Zealand Forces. A 14,315 ton passenger ship, used for troop movements, she was torpedoed and sunk by definition, U Boats in the Mediterranean with the loss of 413 lives. She was en route from Marseilles to the 4th, Alexandria escorted by two Japanese destroyers who rescued survivors. Local man who was lost: Thomas R. War Photographer! WILSON Lieutenant-Commander, Royal Naval Reserve.

A former passenger steamer of 5922 tons, operated by Pacific Steam Navigation Co., she was being used to transport general cargo and ammunition to Jamaica. She struck a mine laid by submarine UC17 off Teignmouth, Devon. Local man who was lost: Dudley WEARE , Stoker, 1 st Class. A 10,850 ton cruiser she was launched in 1903. Branch! In June 1917 she was stationed in Archangel but I can find no record of what is balance of power, any hostilities. D.Weare was accidentally drowned whilst HMS”Antrim” was in the West Indies. (No date found)

Local men who were lost: Benjamin BUNDICK , Petty Officer Stoker. James GAPES , Private, Royal Marine Light Infantry. William John JEFFS , Stoker 1 st Class. Alfred Clarence SEDWELL , Stoker, 1 st Class.

James Risby WILDER , Able Seaman. Built in 1909 she was a 19,250 ton battleship and had taken part in the Battle of Jutland. The 4th! Whilst at anchor in why were ineffective, Scapa Flow she was destroyed by an explosion in her ammunition magazines with the loss of over 800 lives. Local man who was lost: Henry Herbert PORTCH , Lieutenant. A three masted schooner, HMS “Prize” was a “Q” ship acting as a decoy to attract submarines for branch, supporting destroyers to attack. Of Power! She was attacked by a U boat on 14.8.1917 and the 4th suffered several casualties, including the captain. Local men who were lost:

James F. HER D , 2 nd Engineer. Lewis Lesser LETHULIER , Steward. John Andrew MACDONALD , 3 rd Engineer. Arthur Charles TRUMAN , Wireless Operator. Built in 1900 she was a 13,443 ton cargo ship operated by Atlantic Transport Co.Ltd. The Articles Of Confederation! She was bound from London to New York with general cargo and the 4th branch passengers when she was torpedoed by U.48 approximately 12 miles south east of Fastnet Rock with the loss of 43 lives. ss “VIENNA” 11.9.1917 * Local man who was lost: Harold J. GUNN , 1 st Mate.

ss “Vienna” was torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic, west of the Irish coast with the loss of all but 5 men. Technology In The Classroom: Distraction Or Useful? Essay! They were rescued by U.S.S.”Cushing” which had been patrolling off the Irish coast. * There is the 4th also an Technology in The Classroom: Essay account of H.M.T.”Vermont” being sunk by torpedo en route from Brest on 11.9.1917 and branch Harold J.Gunn losing his life in that incident. Local man who was lost: Thomas Ruben SPANTON , Officer’s Steward, 2 nd Class. Torpedoed and sunk by a U boat in the south western approaches to Arguement Against Guns Essay, the English Channel. Fifty men rescued, 27 lost. The 4th Branch! There are two different dates of and Epidemics Essay, sinking recorded, 18 th Sept and 18 th July 1917. Local man who was lost: George GREENHAM , Stoker 2 nd Class.

Escorting convoy HH24 inbound from America, HMS “Brisk” was torpedoed (probably by U79) and the explosion broke her in two and she sank with the the 4th loss of 31 lives. Local man who was lost: William John BLACKWOOD , Able Seaman. On 17.10.1917. H.M.S.”Mary Rose” encountered enemy vessels off Dover. In an exchange of fire she was hit and several members of her crew were killed.. Local man who was lost:

Frederick CUNDY , Deck Hand. A 234 ton cargo ship, she struck a mine and sank near Au Skerry, Scapa Flow. Local man who was lost: Robert Louis JOSLIN , Stoker, 1 st Class. A 1.025 ton destroyer it collided in bad weather with HMS “Tirade” off Shetland and sank. Local man who was lost: E(a)rl Stanley Frederick BYRNE , Midshipman.

One of 4 destroyers despatched to the articles, rendezvous with a Dutch convoy off the Maas buoy. She struck a mine and sank with only 1 survivor. Two other destroyers, HMS “Surprise” and HMS “Tornado” also struck mines and sank.The 4 th ship, HMS “Radiant” survived. Local men who were lost : Walter George FINDEN , Sapper, Royal Engineers. Albert Edward JEFFERY , Sapper, Royal Engineers. Henry WYATT , Sapper, Royal Engineers. Having sailed from Marseilles on 17 th December ss “Aragon” arrived at Alexandria on 30 th December, carrying 2,700 troops bound for Palestine. Branch! The other vessels in the convoy headed into port but ss”Aragon” moored off waiting a berth. She was spotted by U34 who torpedoed her and she quickly sank.

Survivors were picked up by HMS “Attack” but she too was torpedoed by analysis, the same U boat and blown in two, quickly sinking. Over 600 lives were lost from the HMS “Aragon”. Local man who was lost : Arthur Edward George COLLINSON , Private, Machine Gun Corps. A merchant support vessel, she was approaching Alexandria carrying troops and medical staff when she struck a mine, which had been laid by the 4th, U34, and quickly sank. 209 lives were lost including 8 female nurses.

Local man who was lost: Alexander Christie JOLLY , Chief Officer. She was en route, in convoy, from A: Pandemics and Epidemics, Spain when she went missing, presumed torpedoed. Local man who was lost: Robert Henry JEWELL , Private, Royal Marine Light Infantry. Having been sent to the Dardanelles campaign she remained in the eastern Mediterranean thereafter. She was attacked and sunk by the Ottoman Emprie battlecruiser “Yavuz Sultan Selim” with the loss of branch, 127 lives. Local man who was lost: Arthur Clifford PEGGS , Wireless Operator, ss “Greatham” was a 2,338 ton armed merchant ship. Whilst about 3 miles south east of Dartmouth, en route between Grimsby and Blaye, she was torpedoed and sunk by U.31 with the war photographer loss of 7 lives.

Local man who was lost: Josiah STEVENS . Lieutenant. HMS “President” was torpedoed in the English Channel, the explosion causing damage and casualties. Local man who was lost: Tom MEDDLE , Deck Hand.

H.M.Paddle Mine Sweeper “Newberry” was on duty in the Dover Straits when she was attacked and badly damaged by German destroyers. This turned out to be the the 4th last raid in in The Essay, the Straits by German ships before the Declaration of ceasefire. Local man who was lost: Arthur George BROWN , Private, Royal Army Medical Corps. She was a hospital ship and branch was en route from why were the articles ineffective, Cardiff to branch, Brest to embark wounded servicemen and of confederation return with them to England. At 04.00, not far from Lundy Island, eye-witnesses who were on other ships to the 4th branch, her stern, reported her “lights all going out”. A submarine was then sighted on the surface and Influenza when their attention returned to “Glenart Castle” she had disappeared. She had been torpedoed and sank almost immediately.

Of the 186 people on board only 31 survived. One lifeboat carrying 22 men was recovered and a further 9 men were lifted from the water by U.S.S. The 4th! “Parker” late on Against Guns Essay, 27 th February 1918. Local man who was lost: George James KERRY , Deck Hand. She struck a mine and branch exploded in the Straits of Dover. Local man who was lost.

Philip Daniel BOLT, Wireless Operator. H.M.T.”Pomeranian”was en route between London and St.John, New Brunswick when she was torpedoed and why were of confederation ineffective sunk in the English Channel, off Portland Bill, by U77. 55 crew members perished. Local man who was lost: Frank SELBY , 1 st Engineer. “Wargrange” was torpedoed and sunk off Newquay, Cornwall. Local man who was lost:

Denis Patrick OWENS, 2 nd Engineer. A 5,713 ton refridgerated cargo liner she was torpedoed and damaged in the 4th, the Mediterranean by U53. H.M.HOSPITAL SHIP “LANDOVERY CASTLE” 27.6.1918. Local men who were lost: Murray Christopher TAYLOR , 4 th Engineer. Archibald Arthur WELLER , Able Seaman. (may be the A.A.Weller listed on the Benfleet War Memorial) She was a hospital ship bound from Against Guns, Halifax, Nova Scotia to Liverpool.

At 21.30 hrs she was torpedoed by the 4th, U.86 whilst she was about 114 miles south west of the Fastnet Rock and sank in 10 minutes. Of the of hero 258 people on board only 24 survived. It was reported at the time that the the 4th branch German submarine commander had fired upon, and sunk, all but 1 of the lifeboats. After the definition war the German Supreme Court jailed 2 of the U.86’s Officers for 4 years each. Shortly afterwards it was reported that the the 4th branch two officers had escaped from prison. Local man who was lost: Eugene Patrick CORRI , Midshipman. ss”Dwinsk” was built in of power, 1897 as “C.F.Tietgen” for Scandinavia American Line and was subsequently renamed “Dwinsk” for Cunard line in 1917. Torpedoed and sunk by U.151 about 400 miles north east of the 4th branch, Bermuda, 6 lifeboats were recovered but a 7th, with 22 men aboard, was never seen again after launching. Local man who was lost:

Carl Svend BRAINE , Lieutenant. HMS “Anchusa” was torpedoed and sunk on 16.7.1918 by German Submarine U54, off the north coast of ireland. From a ship's compliment of 100 only 22 survived. Local man who was lost: Victor Norman MAY , Leading Seaman. An 1,801 ton torpedo destroyer she was built in 1917 and named as a tribute to Captain Scott of the Antarctic. She was torpedoed and sunk by why were ineffective, U17 in the North Sea, off the Danish coast. Local man who was lost: James Martin BURREN , Barman. Built in 1911 she was 7,988 tons.

Requisitioned as a troop ship for the West African campaign against Germany. The 4th! En-route home, 2 days sailing from Plymouth, she was torpedoed by U82 and her back was broken. Fearing a sinking an order was issued to immediately abandon ship. Definition Of Hero! In the rush several lifeboats were lost but the ship did not sink for 3 days. HMS “Spitfire” remained in attendance and took on branch, board the final survivors before “Galway Castle” sank. 143 lives were lost from the total complement of 950. Local man who was lost: Ernest George WHYBROW , Leading Seaman. She entered the Heligoland Bight to Against Banning Guns, attack a group of German destroyers, one of which had struck a mine. The 4th Branch! “L10” successfully torpedoed and sank “S33” but the firing of the torpedo caused “L10” to unexpectedly surface. Surrounded by German destroyers, who immediately opened fire, she tried to outrun them but was sunk with the loss of war photographer, all hands.

Local men who were lost: Frank Ernest GYDE , Private, Royal Defence Corps. Edward A. Branch! HALL , Civilian. A 2,400 ton Royal Mail Ship she operated between Kingstown (Dun Laoghaire) and Holyhead. On her final voyage she was carrying a complement of 771 which included 22 mail sorters and 500 military personnel. At 10.00 she was struck by in The Classroom:, two torpedos, fired by U123, the second of which induced a large explosion and branch the quick sinking of HMS “Leinster”. Over 500 lives were lost and that is still the largest loss of life in of hero, the Irish Sea to date. Interestingly U.123 struck a mine in the North Sea and sank with all hands whilst returning to Germany a week later. Local man who was lost:

Harold James MOORE , Quartermaster. This vessel was one of two which were transporting homecoming soldiers and sailors who had survived the the 4th Great War. They had been demobilised and were returning for Hogmanay. Analysis! ”Iolaire” boarded around 283 passengers (no official passenger list was kept) and sailed for the Isle of Lewis in the Hebrides. Most of her passengers were former naval ratings with the civilians and branch former soldiers having been put aboard H.M.Y.”Sheila”. This was the first time “Iolaire” had attempted to dock at Stornoway in darkness. On it’s approach to the harbour entrance the analysis “Iolaire” struck the “Beasts of Holm” rocks at 01.00 on the 4th branch, New Year’s Eve. In the war photographer analysis rough sea, although only a few yards from land, many men drowned having been thrown against the rocks. Branch! Due to the brave actions of local man John Finlay Macleod, who managed to Against, scramble ashore with a rope, 40 men were hauled to safety. By 05.00 on branch, New Year’s morning “Iolaire” had been smashed to pieces on the rocks by the raging sea.

Local man who was lost: Cyril Charles Nicholas POTTER , Engine Room Artificer, 2 nd Class. “E 55” was active in the Baltic after the war, having been commissioned in December 1918. Arguement Against Banning Essay! She was based at Tallin as part of the Baltic Battle Squadron. Whilst attempting to attack two Bolshevik minelaying destroyers, “Gavril” and “Azard” she missed her targets and the 4th strayed into Influenza and Epidemics Essay, a minefield which had been laid by the British. Despite Bolshevik claims that she had been sunk by the 4th branch, their own ships it was reported in Britain that she had struck a mine and sunk.

The following list comprises details of the articles of confederation ineffective, recorded fatalities in Air Raids on Southend, plus one local man who was killed during a London air raid.The majority of deaths occurred in the raid on 12 th August 1917. The first death was on 10 th May 1915, followed on branch, 26 th May 1915 by three more. Shoebury barracks were hit on the articles of confederation, 15 th June 1917 with two more deaths recorded. BATTY Edith 19.Brigadier Road,Enfield,Middlesex. Died 12.8.1917. BATTY Walter Henry, 19, Brigadier Road,Enfield,Middlesex.

Died 12.8.1917. CHILDS Ada 49,Redhill Street,Regents Park,London. Died 12.8.1917. COHEN John Holbrooke Road,Plaistow,London. Died 12.8.1917. COHEN Leah Holbrooke Road,Plaistow,London. The 4th! Died 12.8.1917. COLLIER Annie 12,Elizabeth Road,Thorpe Bay.

Died 12.8.1917. CORNISH Emily Gladys, 6,Catlin Street,Bermondsey,London. Died 12.8.1917. CORNISH Thomas Henry 6,Catlin Street,Bermondsey,London. Died 12.8.1917. CREES John Henry 18,St.Anns Road,Southend. Died 12.8.1917. DONALDSON Mary Ann 2,Princetown Road,Holborn,London.

Died 12.8.1917. FAIRS May 586, Old Ford Row, Bow,London. Died 26.5.1915. GALLOWAY Jessie Camilla,12,Elderfield Road,Clapton,London. Died 12.8.1917. G(C)AVELLE Clara Sandringham Hotel, Westcliff-on-Sea.

Died 12.8.1917. GOODING Lena 9, Burnaby Road, Southend. Died 12.8.1917. GRANT James 16, Broadway Market,Southend. Died 12.8.1917. HAWES Fred 12, Guildford Road,Southend. Died 12.8.1917. HILL William 12, Guildford Road, Southend. Died 12.8.1917. HILLS Arthur 19, Oak Road,Erith, Kent. Died 12.8.1917.

HUMPHRIES Charles 47, Coleman Street, Southend. Died 12.8.1917. JESS Ellen May 12, Church Street, West Ham,Essex. Died 12.8.1917. LEWIS Alfred 41, Langton Road, Brixton,London . Died 12.8.1917.

MANN Violet Elizabeth 5, Myddleton Street,Clerkenwell,London. Died 12.8.1917. MASON Florrie 9, Burnaby Road, Southend. ORTON Jessie (Mrs) 8, Glass Street,Bethnal Green, London. Died 12.8.1917. ORTON Jessie (Miss) 8,Glass Street, Bethnal Green,London.

Died 12.8.1917. PATEMAN Marion(Queenie) 3,Broadway Market,Southend. Died , Aged 7 , 26.5.1915. REEVES Francis William Nursery Terrace,Church Road,Southend. Died,in London, 13.6.1917. RICE Dorothy Evelyn 69, Princes Street, Southend. Died 12.8.1917.

RUSSELL Harry of Technology in The Essay, Southend Died 12.8.1917. SMITH Florence “Farndon”,Westminster Drive,Westcliff-on-Sea.Died 26.5.1917. STAINES William John Gunner, Royal Garrison Artillery,Shoebury. Branch! Died 15.6.1917. SULLIVAN Victor 178, Borstal Lane, Abbey Wood, London.

Died 12.8.1917. TOONE Thomas Gunner,Royal Garrison Artillery,Shoebury. Died 15.6.1917. WATSON Beatrice 180,Shaftesbury Avenue,Thorpe Bay. Banning Essay! Died 12.8.1917. WATSON Oliver 180,Shaftesbury Avenue,Thorpe Bay. Died 12.8.1917. WEST Eliza Mary 45,Lovelace Gardens,Southchurch.Died 12.8.1917. WEST Gladys 45,Lovelace Gardens,Southchurch.

Died 12.8.1917. WHITTLESEY Amelia 27,Charlwood Road,Fulham,Middlesex. Died 12.8.1917. WHITWELL Agnes Frances,120,North Road, Southend. Died 10.5.1915. For those interested in further details of the air-raids I recommend a book written by branch, Ken Crowe of Influenza A: Pandemics and Epidemics Essay, Southend Museum.

3.LOCAL MEN MISSING FROM LOCAL ROLLS OF HONOUR/MEMORIALS. The following records were found during my research but I have, to date, been unable to locate them on any local “Roll of Honour”. As explained to me, by The Commonwealth War Graves Commission, the money for the Memorials was raised by public subscription in the 4th branch, the 1920’s and those who provided the money had their relatives’ names included on the Memorials. Analysis! Additionally, since there was a lapse of some 5 years between the end of hostilities and the erection of most Memorials many relatives had moved on branch, with their lives. Widows had re-married and in of hero, some cases there were no relatives left to provide monies or details to be included on the Memorials. Sadly it also meant that some names were included on branch, the Memorials simply because the relatives had provided money and not because the deceased had perished in Influenza Essay, the conflict. ABERY F.C. Branch! Lance Corporal, The Queen’s Royal West Surrey Regiment. Died 5.11.1918. War Graves Commission Gravestone at SOUTHEND (LEIGH-ON-SEA) CEMETERY, G.44.

ADEY Fred W. Private, Essex Regiment. Husband of Lily E. Adey, 8, Guildford Road, Southend. Son of Harry Martha Adey The Weir Cottages, Rayleigh. Died 22.10.1916 Aged23. Buried at ETAPLES MILITARY CEMETERY, PAS DE CALAIS, GRAVE XII B 16, FRANCE. Arguement Against Banning Guns Essay! (Appears on the Rayleigh War Memorial and branch is also commemorated at Holy Trinity Church, Rayleigh) AMOS A.J. And Epidemics! Lieutenant, Royal Engineers, Inland Waterways Transport.

Died 30.4.1920 War Graves Commission Gravestone SOUTHEND(LEIGH-ON-SEA) CEMETERY, D.70. ASHBY Thomas. Branch! Lance Corporal, King’s Royal Rifle Corps. Husband of Clara Ashby, 8, Arnold Avenue, Southend. Died 24.9.1914 Aged 32. Buried at CITY OF PARIS CEMETERY, BAGNEUX, GRAVE 19 I B 1, FRANCE. ASHLEY Richard. Private, Royal Fusiliers. Son of George + Caroline Ashley, 11, Swanage Road, Southend. What Is Balance! Died 8.8.1918 Aged 26. With no known grave he is commemorated at VIS-EN-ARTOIS MEMORIAL, PAS-DE-CALAIS, PANEL 3, FRANCE.

BACON Francis Geoffrey Everard James. Private, West Kent Yeomanry. Son of Parsley Thomas + Jessie Bacon, 'Rosedale', South Avenue, Southend. The 4th! Died 13.11.1915 Age 18. With no known grave he is commemorated at HELLAS MEMORIAL, PANEL 19, GALLIPOLI, TURKEY. BALDWIN Julian S. Pioneer, Royal Engineers.

Husband of Mrs. W.E.Baldwin, “Sunnyside”, 18, Park Lane, Southend. Died on HMT “Transylvania” 4.5.1917 Aged 34. Buried at SAVONA TOWN CEMETERY, GRAVE D.1, ITALY. (See Chapter “Loss of Lives at Sea” for HMT “Transylvania” incident.) BARBER A.V. Gunner, Royal Garrison Artillery. Husband of Ethel Lewis, 104, Park Street, Southend. Died 25.7.1917 Aged 33. Buried at COXYDE MILITARY CEMETERY, LANGEMARK, GRAVE I L 23, BELGIUM. BARCLAY W. F. J. Sergeant, Essex Regiment.

Son of Mr. + Mrs. Barclay, 38, Stanley Road, Southend. Died 1.7.1916 Aged 23. Buried at DANTZIG ALLEY BRITISH CEMETERY, MAMETZ, GRAVE VII M 9, FRANCE. BARNET William G. Sergeant, Army Service Corps. Husband of Adelaide M. Barnet, Willowbank, 24, Park Lane, Southend.

Died of malaria, 18.1.1918 (1917), Aged 50. Is Balance Of Power! Buried at SOUTHEND (SUTTON ROAD) CEMETERY, GRAVE F.6200. BARRETT Edwin Henry. Sergeant, Canadian Contingent. Husband of branch, Annie Barrett, “Hyde Wood”, Rochford. Distraction Essay! Died of wounds 18.8.1918 Aged 32. The 4th! Buried at TERLINCTHUN BRITISH CEMETERY, GRAVE II D 4, WIMILLE, FRANCE.

His name appears on A: Pandemics and Epidemics Essay, Canewdon Church Memorial Window. On the the 4th branch 1911 census Edwin Henry Barrett is what of power shown as Master's Cklerk + Storekeepr, The Workhouse. BARRETT E. A. Private, Middlesex Regiment. Husband of Ellen Barrett, 206, Sutton Road, Southend. The 4th Branch! Died 22.6.1916. Buried at GORRE BRITISH + INDIAN CEMETERY, PAS DE CALAIS, GRAVE II C 6, FRANCE.

BASS William G. Leading Seaman, Royal Navy, HM S/M “E 18”. Son of William + Sophia Bass of Southend. The Articles! Died 11.6.1916 Aged 33. With no known grave he is commemorated at CHATHAM NAVAL MEMORIAL, REF 15, CHATHAM. (See Chapter “Loss of Lives at Sea “ for HM S/M “E 18” incident) On the 1911 Census William G. Bass was serving aboard HMS Lancaster Rank: Leading Seaman. BEAUMONT Edwin F. Private, Canadian Infantry. Husband of Jennie Beaumont, 92, North Avenue, Southend. Died 27.9.1918 Aged 25. Buried at TRIANGLE CEMETERY, INCHY- EN-ARTOIS, GRAVE B. 10, FRANCE. BEERE F. W. H. Sub-Conductor, Royal Army Ordnance Corps. Son of Frederick A. + Frances E. Beere 65, Princes Terrace, Victoria Road, Southend. Branch! Died 24.2.1919 Aged 29.

Buried at what GREENWICH CEMETERY, GRAVE 2 C B 707, LONDON. On the branch 1911 Census Frederick William Henry Beere, Age 22 was serving as a Private, Army Ordnance Corps., at Pietermaritzburg, Natal, South Africa. BENNETT William J. Private, Australian Infantry. Son of William + Jessie Bennett, 113, Victoria Road, Southend. Died 7.8.1916 Aged 20. Buried at SERRE ROAD CEMETERY No.2, SOMME, GRAVE V F 34, FRANCE.

BERRY Robert E. The Articles Of Confederation! Private, Canadian Infantry. Son of George Berry, Bell House Estate, Eastwood. Died 30.8.1918 Aged 34. With no known grave he is commemorated at VIMY MEMORIAL, PAS DE CALAIS, FRANCE. The 4th! He had emigrated to Canada and enlisted there. BINLEY Percy A. MILITARY CROSS.

2 nd Lieutenant, Essex Regiment. War Photographer Analysis! Husband of Mabel E.Binley, “Glenmore”, Rochford. Former assistant at Rochford Schools. Died 23(28).8.1918 Age (37)38. Buried at ALBERT COMMUNAL CEMETERY EXTENSION, GRAVE I S 8, FRANCE. BISCOE Arthur John. Captain, Royal Irish Rifles. The 4th Branch! Born in Rochford 3rd Quarter of 1880. Son of definition of hero, Frederick William + Alice Biscoe. Was a serving soldier by 1911 and sailed to branch, Bombay 3rd August 1913, from Liverpool, per ss Benares.

Died 12.3.1915 Age 34. Buried at BOULOGNE EASTERN CEMETERY, GRAVE II B 12, FRANCE. BOOSEY Bertie. Private, Essex Regiment. Son of Daniel + Jemima Boosey of Foulness. And Epidemics Essay! Died 16.4.1915 Age 24. Buried at CALVAIRE (ESSEX) MILITARY CEMETERY, GRAVE I M 8, HAINAULT, BELGIUM.

He is also commemorated on the Foulness War Memorial. BOULTON Percy. Private, Canadian Infantry. Son of the 4th, Robert S. + Frances A. Arguement Against! Boulton, 15, Park Crescent, Southend. Died 30.9.1918 Aged 31.

Buried at VIS-EN-ARTOIS BRITISH CEMETERY, HAUCOURT, GRAVE V G 16, FRANCE. He had emigrated to Canada and enlisted there. BOWMAN James A. Sergeant, Highland Light Infantry. The 4th! Son of Edward + Annie Bowman, 38a, Eastern Esplanade, Southend. Against Essay! Died 26.10.1918 Aged 32. With no known grave he is commemorated at BASRA MEMORIAL, PANEL 35+64, IRAQ. He is commemorated on his family's grave, MANOR PARK CEMETERY, LONDON. BOWN Herbert Alan. Sergeant, London Regiment.

Queen's Westminster Rifles. Son of Arthur + Letitia Bown, Corona', Theobalds Road, Leigh-on-Sea. Died 8.12.1917 Age 26. Burierd at JERUSALEM WAR CEMETERY, GRAVE U.108, ISRAEL. He is also commemorated on his parents grave, Leigh-on-Sea Cemetery, London Road, Leigh. BOYCE Frederick.

Private, Royal Fusiliers. Lived at Bull Lane, Rayleigh. Died 22.7.1916 Age 24. With no known grave he is commemorated at THIEPVAL MEMORAIL, PIER FACE 8C,9A+16a, SOMME, FRANCE. He is commemorated at the War Memorial, Saffron Walden, Essex. BRACE Alfred W. Private, Sherwood Foresters, Notts + Derby Regiment. Husband of Alice Brace, “Huntsville”, Church Road, Hadleigh. Southend. Died 27.2.1918 Aged 35. Buried at DUHALLOW A.D.S.

CEMETERY, YPRES, GRAVE IV A 5, BELGIUM. BRADLEY George J. Captain, Royal Fusiliers. Husband of A.E.Bradley, “Gisburn”, Trinity Road, Southchurch. The 4th! Died of broncho -pneumonia 17.2.1919 Aged 46. Buried at ETAPLES MILITARY CEMETERY, PAS DE CALAIS, GRAVE XLV B 14, FRANCE. BRIDGE Charles R. Lance Corporal, Essex Regiment. Son of Charles Lizzie Bridge, 60, High Street, Leigh-on-Sea. Definition! Died of branch, appendicitis in Harwich 29.1.1916 aged 21. Buried at what of power LEIGH-ON-SEA CEMETERY, GRAVE BB 52.

BRIDGE Henry J. The 4th! Rifleman, 1 st Rifle Brigade. A native of Rochford. Husband of Clara Bridge, Argyle House, Basildon, Essex. Why Were Of Confederation! Died 9.4.1917 Age 37. With no known grave he is commemorated at ARRAS MEMORIAL, BAY 9 FRANCE. BRIGHTEN Ralph Dalton Jarvis 2 nd Lieutenant, Bedfordshire Regiment. Branch! Died 15.8.1915 (12.9.1915)Aged 22.

Buried at Lone Pine Anzak (Anzac?) Cemetery, Suvla, Gallipoli, Turkey. FAMILY GRAVESTONE AT ST.JOHN the BAPTIST CHURCHYARD, CHURCH ROAD, SOUTHEND. BROOMFIELD Robert J. Private, Australian Infantry. Native of Southend. Died 15.4.1918. With no known grave he is commemorated at VILLERS-BRETONNEUX MEMORIAL, FRANCE. BROTHERSON H.G. Lance Sergeant, Royal Fusiliers.

Husband of Mrs. N.Brotherson, 56, Brighton Avenue, Southend. Died of why were ineffective, gas poisoning 17.6.1916 Aged 24. The 4th Branch! Buried at BAILLEUL COMMUNAL CEMETERY EXTENSION (NORD), NORD, GRAVE II B196, FRANCE. BROWN Charles J. War Photographer Analysis! Private, Bedfordshire Regiment. Husband of the 4th branch, Martha A. Brown, 14, Burnaby Road, Southend.

Died 14.8.1917 Aged 34. Buried at MONT HUON MILITARY CEMETERY, LE TREPORT, GRAVE III L 1B, FRANCE. BROWN Ernest A. Private, Grenadier Guards. Son of Alfred Mary A.Brown, 6, Sutton Court Drive, Rochford. Died 15.9.1916 (5.9.1916) Age 24. With no known grave he is commemorated at THIEPVAL MEMORIAL, PIER FACE 8D, FRANCE. BROWN George. Sapper, Royal Engineers. Husband of N.Brown, 14, Stanley Road, Southend.

Died of sickness 28.12.1918. Aged 44. Buried at SOUTHEND (SUTTON ROAD) CEMETERY, GRAVE F5420. BROWN William. War Photographer Analysis! Private, Essex Regiment. A native of Rochford. The 4th! Died 18.9.1917 Age 21. Buried at war photographer analysis MONCHY BRITISH CEMETERY, MONCHY-LE-PREUX, GRAVE I M 7, FRANCE.

BRUNTON Horace G. Private, Essex Regiment. Son of the 4th branch, Charles Brunton, 53, Bournemouth Park Road, Southend. War Photographer Analysis! Died 10.10.1917 Aged 25. With no known grave he is the 4th commemorated at TYNE COT MEMORIAL, ZONNEBEKE, PANEL 98 to 99 , BELGIUM. BUDD Thomas. The Articles Ineffective! Corporal, Royal Garrison Artillery. Husband of Charlotte Budd, 26,Cambridge Road, Shoebury. Died of tuberculosis at Hither Green, London 23.4.1919 Age 46.

Buried at branch SHOEBURYNESS (ST.ANDREW) CHURCHYARD, SOUTH SHOEBURY. BURGESS George J. Sergeant, Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry. Distraction Or Useful? Essay! Husband of Lily Burgess, Central House, Lonsdale Road, Southend. Died 1.3.1915 Aged 26. Branch! Buried at VOORMEZEELE ENCLOSURE NO.3, YPRES, GRAVE III H 6, BELGIUM. BURLES William A. The Articles! Private, Middlesex Regiment. Son of Alfred Burles, 17, Ruskin Avenue, Prittlewell. Died 5.7.1917 Aged 30. Buried at FINS NEW BRITISH CEMETERY, SOREL-LE-GRAND, GRAVE V G 19, FRANCE. BURREN James M. Branch! Barman, Mercantile Marine, ss “Galway Castle”. Husband of analysis, Gertrude E. Burren, 113, York Road, Southend.

Died 12.9.1918 Aged 41. With no known grave he is commemorated at branch TOWER HILL MEMORIAL, LONDON. (See Chapter “Loss of what is balance of power, Lives at Sea” for ss “Galway Castle” incident) BURTON Robert J. MILITARY CROSS : MENTIONED IN DESPATCHES. Regimental Sergeant Major, Suffolk Regiment. Husband of Martha Burton, Suffolk House, 37, Edith Road, Prittlewell. Died 24.1.1915 Aged 43. Buried at branch TOTTENHAM CEMETERY, GRAVE GEN.5750, LONDON. BUTLER Herbert L. Private, Suffolk Regiment.

A native of Influenza and Epidemics Essay, Rochford. Died 14.6.1917 Age 34. The 4th Branch! With no known grave he is commemorated at ARRAS MEMORIAL, BAY 4, FRANCE. BUTLER - WRIGHT Neville.O. Lance Corporal, London Rifle Brigade.

Son of William + Henrietta Butler-Wright of Southend. Brother of Vivian Arthur Butler-Wright who also fell. Is Balance! Died 28.4.1915 Aged 24. Buried at branch HAZEBROUCK COMMUNAL CEMETERY, GRAVE II H 2 , FRANCE. He is also commemorated on the family grave, Southend Cemetery, Sutton Road. BUTLER - WRIGHT Vivian.A. 2 nd Lieutenant, 12 th Essex Regiment.

Son of Against Guns, William + Henrietta Butler-Wright of Southend. Brother of Neville Ormond Butler-Wright who also fell. Died 2.12.1915 Age 20. Buried at AZMAK (ANZAC?) CEMETERY, SUVLA , GRAVE I D 20 , GALLIPOLI, TURKEY. He is also commemorated on the family grave, Southend Cemetery, Sutton Road. BUTTIFANT Charles W. Private, Royal Army Ordnance Corps. Husband of Alice Buttifant, 22, St. Ann’s Road, Southend. Died 24.2.1919 Aged 35. Buried at HAMPSTEAD CEMETERY, GRAVE SREEN WALL Q8 B 27, LONDON.

BUTTON Albert. Private, Machine Gun Corps. A native of Rochford. Died 23.3.1918 Age 28. With no known grave he is the 4th branch commemorated at POZIERES MEMORIAL, PANEL 9394, FRANCE. BUTTON Frederick J. Definition Of Hero! Sergeant, Leicestershire Regiment. Lived in Eastwood. Died 5.4.1918.

Age 31. With no known grave he is commemorated at TYNE COT MEMORIAL, PANEL 50-51, YPRES, BELGIUM. CABLE J. Private, Essex Regiment. Husband of Mrs. K. Cable, Hillside Cottage, Thundersley, Southend. Died 22.10.1914 . Buried at LANCASHIRE COTTAGE CEMETERY, HAINAUT, GRAVE I B 1, BELGIUM. (Frederick James Cable appears on the Rayleigh War Memorial) CALLAGHAN Herbert. Rifleman, London Irish Rifles. Son of Thomas + Lillian R. Callaghan, 6, Grange Gardens, Southend.

Died 4.10.1916 Aged 19. With no known grave he is branch commemorated at THIEPVAL MEMORIAL, SOMME, PIER + FACE 13C, FRANCE. His name appears on of hero, the family grave, MANOR PARK CEMETERY, LONDON. CAMERON John D. 2 nd . Lieutenant, New Zealand Pioneer Battalion. Husband of Mrs. The 4th Branch! V.A.Cameron, 93, York Place, Southend.

Died 7.8.1917. The Articles Of Confederation Ineffective! Buried at UNDERHILL FARM CEMETERY, HAINAUT, GRAVE C. 25 , BELGIUM . “York Place” was situated to the east of the current Southend High Street, South east of the 4th, Southend Central Station, adjacent to A: Pandemics and Epidemics, Grove House and York Cottage. CARTER Charles. Private, Royal Munster Fusiliers. The 4th! Son of Mrs. Ada Carter, Hazelmere Road, New Thundersley, Southend. Died 21.8.1915 Aged 24. With no known grave he is commemorated at HELLES MEMORIAL, GALLIPOLI, PANEL 185-1, TURKEY.

He is also commemorated on the St.Peters Church, Thundersley, Great War Plaque. CARTER Jonathan G. Private, Queen’s Own Royal West Kent Regiment. Son of William + Elizabeth Carter of Southend. Died 3.7.1916 Aged 35. With no known grave he is commemorated at of power THIEPVAL MEMORIAL, SOMME, PIER + FACE 11C, FRANCE. CARR Frederick J. Private, Middlesex Regiment. Son of the 4th branch, James + Bertha G. Carr, 10, Grove Road, Southend.

Died 18.11.1917 Aged 25. With no known grave he is commemorated at Influenza A: Pandemics Essay TYNE COT MEMORIAL, ZONNEBEKE, PANEL 113 to 115, BELGIUM. CASS Ernest. Private, The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment. Son of Mrs.

Susan Cass, 42, Dalmatia Road, Southchurch. Died 28.5.1918 Aged 27. Buried at JONCHERY-SUR-VESLE BRITISH CEMETERY, MARNE, GRAVE I G 26, FRANCE. He is the 4th branch commemorated on WARLEY WAR MEMORIAL, ESSEX. CHERRY William. Sergeant, Machine Gun Corps. Son of Mrs. M.E.Cherry, 14, Richmond Avenue, Southend. Died 12.6.1917 Aged 25. With no known grave he is commemorated at YPRES (MENIN GATE) MEMORIAL, YPRES, PANEL 56, BELGIUM. CHILCRAFT A. Leading Deck Hand, HMS “Victory”, Royal Naval Reserve.

Son of Mr. + Mrs. J.T. Chilcraft, “La Maison”, Tankerville Drive, Leigh-on-Sea. Died of pneumonia 3.4.1919. Age 26. War Graves Commission Headstone, SOUTHEND(LEIGH-ON-SEA) CEMETERY, GRAVE V3. CHILDS Charles Henry.

Private, Royal Marine Engineers. Son of William + Esther Childs of Gt.Stambridge and of power husband of branch, Annie Childs, 6, Jordan Cottages, Sutton Road, Prittlewell. Died of Classroom: or Useful?, Septicaemia from a cut finger, 4.11.1918 Age 47 in hospital in the 4th, Gosport. What! Buried at HASLAR ROYAL NAVAL CEMETERY, GOSPORT, GRAVE E 36 23. HANTS. CHILDS Frederick C. Private, Essex Regiment. Son of Frederick Louisa Childs, 17, Sutton Court Drive, Rochford. Died of wounds 16.8.1918 Age 26. Buried at PERNES BRITISH CEMETERY, GRAVE IV A 29, FRANCE. CLANCEY E.A. Branch! Sapper, Royal Engineers.

Died 1.1.1921. War Graves Commission Headstone, SOUTHEND (LEIGH-ON-SEA) CEMETERY, GRAVE O.24. CLARK E.C. Rifleman, Rifle Brigade. Son of Robert + Alice Clark, 18, Shaftesbury Avenue, Southend.

Died 11.3.1915 Aged 29 Buried at BAILLEUL COMMUNAL CEMETERY (NORD), NORD, GRAVE J. 23, FRANCE. CLARKE G.Lance Corporal, Royal Warwickshire Regiment. Essay! Husband of L.R.V.Oliver, 2, Camper Road, Southend. Died 29.3.1919 Aged 45. Buried at SOUTH SHOEBURY (ST.ANDREW) CHURCHYARD, SHOEBURY. COCKS William B. Private, Canadian Infantry, Alberta Regiment. Son of Frederick + Selina Cocks, 31, Ambleside Drive, Southend. Died 2.6.1916 Aged 23. With no known grave he is commemorated at YPRES (MENIN GATE) MEMORIAL, YPRES, PANEL 24,28,30., BELGIUM.

COLE John L. Leading Seaman, 2 nd Class, HMS “Amethyst”. Husband of Florence E. Cole, 42, Old Southend Road, Southend. Died 15.3.1915 Aged 33. With no known grave he is commemorated at CHATHAM NAVAL MEMORIAL, REF 9, CHATHAM, KENT. (See Chapter “Loss of Lives at Sea” for HMS “Amethyst” incident) COLLINGS Stanley O. Rifleman, King’s Royal Rifle Corps. The 4th Branch! Son of Orlando + Jessie Collings, 70, Baxter Avenue, Southend. Definition Of Hero! Died 27.9.1917 Aged 31. With no known grave he is commemorated at branch TYNE COT MEMORIAL, ZONNEBEKE, PANEL 115 to 116 + 162A + 163A, BELGIUM. COLLMAN Albert G. Private, Queen’s Own Royal West Kent Regiment.

Husband of what is balance of power, Daisy Collman, 3, Prospect Place, Eastern Esplanade, Southend. Died 10.4.1917 Aged 41. The 4th! Buried at BARLIN COMMUNAL CEMETERY EXTENSION, PAS DE CALAIS, GRAVE I H 21, FRANCE. CONNOLLY W. T. Rifleman, King’s Royal Rifle Corps. Son of Technology Classroom: Distraction or Useful? Essay, Mr.T.Connolly, 12, Elizabeth Road, The Beach, Thorpe Bay Southend. Died 13.4.1918. Buried at LA CROIX-ST.OUEN COMMUNAL CEMETERY, OISE, GRAVE REF. SOUTH-EAST PART, FRANCE.

CONWAY L.H.J. Branch! (L.J.H.) Private, Yorkshire Regiment. Why Were Ineffective! Died 27.5.1918 Aged 19. Son of John + Sophia Conway of Southend. Branch! Buried at VENDRESSE BRITISH CEMETERY, GRAVE II F 9, FRANCE. He is commemorated on the family grave, Sutton Road, Southend. COOMBS George Private, Australian Infantry. Son of why were ineffective, John D. + Eliza Coombs of Southend.

Died 10.8.1918. Aged 28. Buried at DAOURS COMMUNAL CEMETERY EXTENSION, SOMME, GRAVE IV A 18. FRANCE. He had emigrated to Australia where he enlisted. COOPER Ernest Wireman, 2 nd Class, Royal Navy , HMS “Vanguard”.

Son of Albert + Annie Cooper, 75, Queens’ Road, Southend. Died 9.7.1917 Aged 21. With no known grave he is commemorated at branch PORTSMOUTH NAVAL MEMORIAL, REF 26, HANTS. (See Chapter “Loss of Lives at Sea” for HMS “Vanguard” incident) COSTEN Sidney. Gunner, Royal Field Artillery. Lived in Rochford. Killed by definition of hero, gas poisoning 22.3.1918.

Aged 25. Branch! Buried at ROCQUIGNY-EQUANCOURT ROAD BRITISH CEMETERY, GRAVE XI A 3, FRANCE. COWELL W. Private, Essex Regiment. Son of why were the articles ineffective, John + Mary Cowell, High Street, Hadleigh, Southend. Died 17.12.1915 Aged 18. Buried at BETHUNE TOWN CEMETERY, PAS DE CALAIS, GRAVE IV G 38, FRANCE. He is commemorated on HADLEIGH WAR MEMORIAL, ESSEX. COWLING William Donald. Private, Royal Army Service Corps.

Husband of the 4th, Mabel L.Cowling, 19, Maldon Road, Southend. Son of Arguement Essay, William John + Alice Cowling. The 4th! Died of nephritis, 4.1.1921 Aged 30. Buried at SOUTHEND (SUTTON ROAD) CEMETERY, GRAVE E. 5268. CREIGHTON Ernest Jonathan. Is Balance Of Power! Private, Essex Regiment.

Husband of Kathleen Fanny Creighton, Reenrock, Milton Avenue, Westcliff-on-Sea. Branch! BURIED AT CITY OF LONDON CEMETERY, MANOR PARK, LONDON, GRAVE REF.S.O. 90588. CROSSWELL William A. In The Classroom: Distraction Or Useful? Essay! Private, Royal Army Medical Corps. Husband of Florence M. Crosswell, 5, Camper Road, Southend. Died of pneumonia, 31.10.1918 Aged 26. Buried at the 4th branch ROCQUIGNY to EQUANCOURT ROAD BRITISH CEMETERY, MANANCOURT , GRAVE XIV B 25, FRANCE. CULLIFORD Charles P. Rifleman, London Rifle Brigade. Son of George + Eliza Culliford, Dundonald Villa, Dundonald Drive, Leigh-on-Sea. What Is Balance! Died 16.8.1915 Age 26.

C.W.G.C. Headstone, Leigh Cemetery, Lonodn Road, Leigh-on-Sea. DALY Denis Heywood. Flight sub-Lieutenant, Royal Naval Air Service. The 4th Branch! Son of Capt.Charles V. Mrs. Kate Alice Daly, Ilma, Cliff Avenue, Leigh-on-Sea. Died 17.7.1917 Age 21.

Buried at Against DUNKIRK TOWN CEMETERY, GRAVE II A 16, FRANCE. He is the 4th listed on the LINDISFARNE COLLEGE MEMORIAL, ST.MARYS CHURCH, RUABON, WREXHAM, WALES. DAVIES Harry J. Classroom: Or Useful?! Driver, Army Service Corps. Husband of Ruby Alice Davies, Frederick Villa, Gainsborough Drive, Prittlewell. The 4th! Died 6.7.1918 Aged 27. Buried at STAGLIENO CEMETERY, GENOA, GRAVE I B 28, ITALY. DAVIES Harry N. 2 nd Lieutenant, East Lancashire Regiment. Son of Against Guns, John + Louisa E. Davies, 12, Whitegate Road, Southend. Died 1.7.1916 Aged 21.

With no known grave he is commemorated at THIEPVAL MEMORIAL, SOMME, PIER + FACE 6C, FRANCE.. DAVIES John. The 4th Branch! Private, London Rufle Brigade. Lived in Leigh. Died 28.11.1914. With no known grave he is commemorated at PLOEGSTEERT MEMORIAL, PANEL 10, BELGIUM. DAVIES Reginald C. Rifleman, Royal Irish Rifles.

Lived in Southchurch. Died 16.8.1917. Aged 24. DAVIS Alfred J. Private, Suffolk Regiment. Technology! Son of the 4th branch, Joseph + Charlotte Davis, “Homestead”, Cumberland Avenue, Southend. With no known grave he is commemorated at in The Distraction or Useful? PLOEGSTEERT MEMORIAL, HAINAUT, PANEL 3, BELGIUM. DAVIS James C. Corporal, Royal Army Service Corps.

Died 8.6.1918 War Graves Commission Headstone, SOUTHEND(LEIGH-ON-SEA) CEMETERY, GRAVE X.27. DAWKINS Frederick C. MILITARY CROSS. Lieutenant, Royal Field Artillery. Husband of Louise Dawkins, 2, High Street, Shoebury. Died of wounds 3.9.1917 Age 26. Buried at LIJSSENTHOEK MILITARY CEMETERY, GRAVE XVIII F 1, BELGIUM. DOWNEY Alfred. Private, Essex Regiment. Son of George + Caroline Downey, 53, Burnaby Road, Prittlewell.

Died 6.4.1915 Age 19. Buried at CALVAIRE (ESSEX) MILITARY CEMETERY, HAINAULT, GRAVE I L 8. The 4th! BELGIUM. DRAYSON John. Company Sergeant Major, Northumberland Fusiliers. A: Pandemics Essay! Husband of Laura Drayson, 77, Princes Street, Southend.

Died 16.6.1918 Aged 29. Buried at SANDPITS BRITISH CEMETERY, FOUQUEREUIL, GRAVE II H 7, FRANCE. DREWE(I)TT W. Private, Worcestershire Regiment. Husband of Rosetta Drewett of Southend. Died 10.8.1915 Age 21. The 4th Branch! Buried at what is balance SOUTHEND (SUTTON ROAD) CEMETERY PLOT G+K. There is no record of him being buried at Southend (Sutton Road) Cemetery on C.W.G.C.Also commemorated at EMBARKATION PIER CEMETERY, GALLIPOLI, SPECIAL MEMORIAL B10, TURKEY. EDDEN Samuel. Private, Essex aLFRED. Father of George Edden, 52, Stromness Road, Southend. Died 14.4.1917.

With no known grave he is commemorated at ARRAS MEMORIAL, PAS DE CALAIS, BAY 7, FRANCE. EDWARDS Frederick. Private, Royal Fusiliers. The 4th Branch! Husband of Rosina Edwards, 18, St.Leonards Road, Southend. War Photographer Analysis! Died 29.9.1918 Aged 39. The 4th! With no known grave he is commemorated at TYNE COT MEMORIAL, ZONNEBEKE, PANEL 148 to 150, BELGIUM.

ELCOCK Harry. Private, Northumberland Fusiliers. Son of Mr + Mrs H. Elcock, Market Sqwuare, Rochford. Died 31.7.1915 Age 28. Buried at KEMMEL CHATEAU MILITARY CEMETERY, GRAVE 33. BELGIUM. EMBERSON E. Private, Essex Regiment.

Son of Mrs. War Photographer! E. Emberson, Lilian Villa, Priory Avenue, Prittlewell. Branch! Died 3.5.1915 Aged 35. Definition Of Hero! Buried at KLEIN-VIERSTRAAT BRITISH CEMETERY, HEUVELLAND, GRAVE V C 16, BELGIUM. Branch! He is ineffective commemorated on a plaque, St.Margarets Church, Woodham Mortimer, ESSEX.. EVANS Edward Tilney. 2 nd Lieutenant, Royal Flying Corps.

Son of George Alfred + Emma Evans, 24, Dowsett Avenue, Southend. Formerly employed, as an apprentice, at Stratford Works, by Great Eastern Railways. Died having crashed near Bristol, 19.2.1918 Aged 19. Buried at CITY OF LONDON CEMETERY CREMATORIUM, MANOR PARK C, GRAVE 180.90038, ESSEX. EVANS H. Private, Royal Defence Corps. Husband of Ruby Evans, 63, South Avenue, Southend. The 4th! Died 11.2.1919 Aged 32. Buried at SOUTHEND (SUTTON ROAD) CEMETERY, GRAVE A.1364. EVERETT Reginald G. Lance Corporal, Royal Fusiliers. Influenza And Epidemics Essay! Husband of Winifred A. 31, Sweyne Avenue, Southend.

Died 23.4.1917 Aged 25. With no known grave he is commemorated at the 4th ARRAS MEMORIAL, PAS DE CALAIS, BAY 7, FRANCE. EVERSDEN Robert E. Captain, Royal Air Force. Son of analysis, Catherine Eversden, 57, Swanage Road, Southend. The 4th! Accidentally killed at Ekaterinadar, Turkey, 15.8.1915 Aged 24. Analysis! Previously served in Russia, Gallipoli, Egypt and East Africa. With no known grave he is the 4th branch commemorated at war photographer analysis HAIDAR PASHA MEMORIAL, TURKEY. FAIRBRASS Walter D. Ordinary Seaman, Royal Navy, HMS ”Pembroke”.

Son of Arthur Daniel + Alice Fairbrass, 23,Tintern Avenue, Westcliff-on-Sea. Died 3.11.1918 Aged 18. War Graves Commission Headstone SOUTHEND(LEIGH-ON-SEA)CEMETERY, GRAVE V.5. The 4th Branch! HMS “Pembroke” was the shore base at Sheerness and it is possible that he was one of the 242 servicemen who succumbed there, to Spanish Flu, between 1918 and 1921. FARRANT William. And Epidemics! G. Private, The Buffs, East Kent Regiment. Husband of Louisa M. Farrant, 41, South Avenue, Southend. Died 12.1.1917 Aged 34.

Buried at BETHUNE TOWN CEMETERY, PAS DE CALAIS, GRAVE VI A 59, FRANCE. He is commemorated on the 4th, Pitsea War Memorial, Essex. Of Power! He is also commemorated on the 'REDGEWELL' family grave, Southend (Sutton Road) Cemetery. His wife's maiden name was Louisa M.Redgewell. FERNLEY J.R. Corporal, Essex Regiment. Husband of Mrs. Fernley, 34A, North Avenue, Southend.

Died 3.11.1917. Buried at GAZA WAR CEMETERY, GRAVE XXIX C, ISRAEL. FIELDING A.E. Private, Essex Regiment. Son of George + Hannah Fielding, Valley Cottage, Daws Heath Road, Thundersley. Died 2.11.1917 of gas poisoning. Buried at DOZINGHEM MILITARY CEMETERY, POPERINGE, GRAVE XIV D 13, BELGIUM.. FIRTH Frederick. The 4th Branch! Rifleman, Rifle Brigade. Son of Francis + Alice Firth, 1, Ronald Park Avenue, Westcliff-on-Sea. Died 20.9.1917 Aged 26.

Commemorated at TYNE COT MEMORIAL, PANEL 145-147, BELGIUM. He is also commemorated on the family grave, Southend (Sutton Road) Cemetery. FISHER Frederick V. DISTINGUISHED CONDUCT MEDAL. Sergeant, King’s Royal Rifle Corps. Son of William H. Fisher, “Hill Crest” 6, Bournemouth Park Road, Southend. Died 2.4.1918 Aged 33. With no known grave he is Arguement Against Guns Essay commemorated at the 4th branch POZIERES MEMORIAL, SOMME, PANEL 61-64, FRANCE. FORD Sidney H. Private, Buckinghamshire Hussars. Influenza A: Pandemics And Epidemics Essay! Son of Herbert + Mary Ford, 29, Southchurch Road, Southend.

Died 21.11.1917 Aged 24. Buried at JERUSALEM WAR CEMETERY, GRAVE D 72, ISRAEL. FORWARD Frederick C. Sergeant, Royal Garrison Artillery. Lived in Shoebury. Died 2.7.1917 Age 33.

Buried at DICKEBUSCH NEW MILITARY CEMETERY EXTENSION, GRAVE II BB 34, BELGIUM. FRASER Joseph H. MENTIONED IN DESPATCHES Private, Essex Regiment. Son of the 4th, Mrs. Frances Fraser, 22, North Avenue, Southend. Influenza A: Pandemics Essay! Died 28.6.1915 Aged 37. With no known grave he is commemorated at HELLES MEMORIAL, GALLIPOLI, PANEL 144-150 or 229-233, TURKEY. GAPES James Private, Royal Marine Light Infantry. Husband of Annie Elizabeth Gapes, 102, Hainault Avenue, Westcliff-on-Sea. The 4th Branch! Died 9.7.1917 Age 39.

He died when HMS 'Vanguard' exploded in Scapa Flow. (See 'Loss of Lives' secton for HMS 'Vanguard' incident) With no known grave he is commemorated at CHATHAM NAVAL MEMORIAL, PANEL 25, KENT. GARDNER A. E. Private, London Regiment. Technology Essay! Husband of the 4th branch, Florence Gardner, 46, Whitegate Road, Southend. Died of cancer 25.10.1915 Aged 49. Buried at in The Distraction or Useful? Essay NUNHEAD (ALL SAINTS) CEMETERY, GRAVE SCREEN WALL, 89.32056, LONDON. GEELAN Robert H. Private, Canadian Infantry. Son of John A. + Maggie Geelan, 48, Boston Avenue, Southend.

Died 9.8.1918 Aged 22. The 4th! Buried at MANITOBA CEMETERY, CAIX, GRAVE SPECIAL MEMORIAL, FRANCE. He had emigrated to Canada where he enlisted. GIBBINS Charles. Private, Durham Light Infantry. Son of Bill + Elizabeth Gibbins, “Trenba”, Swanage Road, Southend.

Died 29.3.1918 Aged 31. With no known grave he is commemorated at POZIERES MEMORIAL, SOMME, PANEL 68-72, FRANCE. GIBBS William G. Private, Royal Army Medical Corps. Lived in Shoebury. Died 26.7.1916 .Aged 25. Buried at LA NEUVILLE BRITISH CEMETERY, CORBIERE, GRAVE I D 58, FRANCE. GIBSON G. Private, Canadian Infantry. In The Distraction Or Useful? Essay! Son of James A. + Fanny Gibson, 3, Ilfracombe Avenue, Southend. He had emigrated to Canada and enlisted there.

Died 23.10.1917 Aged 29. Buried at ORPINGTON (ALL SAINTS) CHURCHYARD EXTENSION, GRAVE D 2, KENT. GILBERT A. The 4th Branch! Private, Essex Regiment. Husband of Mary R. Gilbert, Albion Road, Southend. Died between 1 st and 31 st 8.1915 Aged 36. Buried at A: Pandemics TWELVE TREE COPSE CEMETERY, SPECIAL MEMORIAL, C. The 4th! 115, TURKEY. Influenza A: Pandemics Essay! He is also commemorated on the Hadleigh (Essex) War Memorial. GILBERT F. Private, Norfolk Regiment. Died 10.8.1917,Aged 41. Buried at MURGHA EHTARYAI CAMP and branch commemorated at DELHI MEMORIAL (INDIA GATE), DELHI, INDIA.

Memorial Stone at and Epidemics SOUTHEND (NORTH ROAD) CEMETERY. GODDARD William T. 2 nd Lieutenant, Royal Field Artillery. The 4th! Husband of war photographer analysis, N. Goddard, 4, Beaufort Street, Southchurch. Died 13.10.1917 Aged 33. Buried at ETAPLES MILITARY CEMETERY, PAS DE CALAIS, GRAVE XXVIII B 11, FRANCE.

GOODRIDGE Alfred H. Rifleman, London Regiment, Queen Victoria’s Rifles. Son of the 4th branch, Louisa Goodridge, 12, Fairmead Avenue, Westcliff-on-Sea. Died 20.11.1918 Aged 20. War Graves Commission Headstone SOUTHEND(LEIGH-ON-SEA)CEMETERY, V.37. GOODSELL Lilly S. Member, Womens Royal Air Force. Wife of Edward H. Goodsell, East Street, Prittlewell. Died 20.2.1919 Aged 36. Definition! Buried at ESHER (EAST MOLESEY) CEMETERY, GRAVE “C” D 38 (Sp.Mem), Surrey. GOODWIN Basil. Private, Essex Yeomanry. Died 12.4.1917.

Aged 22. There is no record of him on the C.W.G.C. Website. GOODWIN John C.Private, Canadian Infantry. The 4th! Husband of Edith Goodwin, 25, Stromness Road, Southend. Died 10.8.1918 Aged 27. Arguement Against Essay! With no known grave he is branch commemorated at definition of hero VIMY MEMORIAL, PAS DE CALAIS, FRANCE.

GREEN William W. 2 nd Lieutenant, East Yorkshire Regiment. Lived in Shoebury. Died 9.4.1917 Age 25. Buried at WANCOURT BRITISH CEMETERY, GRAVE III A 8, FRANCE. GREENWAY James. Lance Corporal, Worcestershire Regiment. Son of William H. + Agnes E.Greenway, 93, South Avenue, Southend. Died 29.9.1918 Aged 21. Buried at branch PIGEON RAVINE CEMETERY, EPEHY, GRAVE I C 14, FRANCE. Brother of William F. Greenway, who also fell.

GREENWAY William F. Sergeant, Worcestershire Regiment. Son of William H. + Agnes E. Greenway, 93, South Avenue, Southend. Died 1.11.1916 Aged 23. Buried at GUARDS’ CEMETERY, LESBOEUFS, GRAVE REF. GINCHY A.D.S. MEMORIAL 6, FRANCE.

Brother of James Greenway, who also fell. GYDE Frank E. War Photographer Analysis! Private, Royal Defence Corps. Branch! Son of Mrs. Emily F. Gyde, “Bromleigh”, Central Avenue, Southend. Died at sea aboard HMS “Leinster”, 10.10.1918 Aged 20. With no known grave he is what is balance of power commemorated at HOLLYBROOK MEMORIAL, SOUTHAMPTON. (See Chapter “Loss of Lives at Sea” for HMS “Leinster” incident)

HADKISS William F. Lance Corporal, Royal Scots Regiment. Son of Mr. + Mrs. The 4th! C. Hadkiss, 63, Ambleside Drive, Southend. In The Classroom:! Died 1.8.1918 Aged 19. Buried at RAPERIE BRITISH CEMETERY, VILLEMONTOIRE, GRAVE IV C 9, FRANCE. His name appears on a gravestone in Southend Cemetery, Sutton Road, Southend with R.Dow who died in branch, WWII.

HALL George Albert. Of Hero! Stoker, 1st Class. H.M.Submarine E18 (E8). Son of george + Elizabeth Hall, 56, South Avenue, Southend. Died 11.6.1916 , Age 22.

Commemorated at Panel 17, Chatham Naval Memorial, Kent. HALSEY Harold. Driver, Royal Fleet Auxilliary. Died 19.12.1918. Aged 24. Buried at MIKRA BRITISH CEMETERY, KALAMARIA, GRAVE 1065, GREECE. His name is included on the Plaque of Honour to employees of Southend + District Gas Company which hangs on the internal, south, wall at the 4th branch Southend Crematorium, Sutton Road. HARDIMAN George W.A. Why Were The Articles Ineffective! Gunner, Royal Garrison Artillery. Husband of Grace Hardiman, 20, Shaftesbury Avenue, Southend. Died 19.9.1917 Aged 28.

Buried at BLEUET FARM CEMETERY, YPRES, GRAVE I F 45, BELGIUM. HARRIS E.A. Airman, 2 nd Class, Central Flying School, Royal Flying Corps. Husband of Mrs.M.Harris, 13, Leamington Road, Southend. The 4th Branch! Died 17.3.1917. Buried at SOUTHEND (SUTTON ROAD) CEMETERY, GRAVE C.177.

HARTWELL Ernest G. Of Hero! Private, Queen’s Royal West Surrey Regiment. Son of Daniel + Ellen Hartwell, 20, Bellevue Road, Southchurch. Died 9.11.1914. Aged 24. With no known grave he is commemorated at YPRES(MENIN GATE) MEMORIAL, YPRES, PANEL 11-13 +14, BELGIUM. HARVEY Alfred G. Air Mechanic, 2 nd Class, Royal Air Force. Son of J.G.

H.E.Harvey, 8, Queen Elizabeth Chase, Rochford. Branch! Died in an accident 6.7.1918 Age 24. Influenza A: Pandemics Essay! Buried at WAVANS BRITISH CEMETERY, GRAVE C 1, FRANCE. HAWES Harry B. Branch! Private, Northamptonshire Regiment. Son of Influenza Essay, Samuel Eldice Hawes of Rochford. Died of the 4th, wounds 13.10.1918 Age 18. Buried at Arguement Banning Essay POINT-DU-JOUR MILITARY CEMETERY, ATHIES, GRAVE III E 4, FRANCE. His name appears on the family grave, St.Andrews Church, Rochford. HAYDEN William C. Private, Grenadier Guards.

Husband of Kate Hayden, 50, Oban Road, Southend. Died Aged 27. With no known grave he is the 4th branch commemorated at LE TOURET MEMORIAL, PAS DE CALAIS, PANEL 2, FRANCE. HAYDON A. E. R. Against Banning Guns! Sergeant, King’s Royal Rifle Corps. Husband of Rose Haydon, 78, Wimborne Road, Southend. The 4th! Died 31.3.1919 Aged 26. Buried at DOWNTON (ST.LAWRENCE) CHURCHYARD, GRAVE “In West Part”, WILTSHIRE. HEDGES Charles I. C. Engine Room Artificer, 4 th Class, Royal Navy, HMS “Indefatigable”.

Husband of M.Hedges, 25, Seaview Road, Southend. Formerly employed by Great Eastern Railways as a boilermaker apprentice. Died 31.5.1916 Aged 21. Definition! With no known grave he is commemorated at CHATHAM NAVAL MEMORIAL, REF 17, CHATHAM, KENT. The 4th! (See Chapter “Loss of Lives at Sea” for HMS “Indefatigable” incident.) HENDY Ernest C. Sapper, Royal Engineers. Husband of Elsie M. Hendy, “Earls Craig”, The Cliffs, Southend. Is Balance! Died 12.12.1918 of influenza Aged 35. Buried at DAR ES SALAAM (UPANGA ROAD) CEMETERY, GRAVE VII C 4, TANZANIA.

HILLS Charles William (William Charles) Air Mechanic, 2 nd Class, Royal Air Force. Died in Ismailia hospital from injuries received in an accident whilst training at Alexandria aerodrome, Egypt, Aged 25. I can find no record of him on C.W.G.C. website. HIMSLEY John S.S. Private, London Scottish Regiment. Branch! Husband of what of power, Ethel Himsley, 87, Southchurch Avenue, Southend. Died 8.6.1918 Aged 39.

With no known grave he is commemorated at ARRAS MEMORIAL, PAS DE CALAIS, BAY 10 FRANCE. HOBDAY C.F. The 4th Branch! Captain, Essex Regiment. Died 1.12.1917 Aged 22(21). Buried at ROCQUIGNY-QUANCOURT ROAD BRITISH CEMETERY, MANANCOURT, GRAVE VI A 3, FRANCE.

Memorial Stone in St.John the is balance Baptist Churchyard, Church Road, Southend. HOLGATE Charles A. MILITARY MEDAL. The 4th! Private, Northamptonshire Regiment. Husband of Bertha Holgate, 28, Shakespeare Drive, Prittlewell. What Of Power! Died 27.5.1918 Aged 27. With no known grave he is commemorated at SOISSONS MEMORIAL, AISNE, FRANCE.

It is the 4th branch probable that he is the of confederation Charles Holgate listed on the TIPTREE WAR MEMORIAL, ESSEX. HORSLEY Ralph N. 2 nd Lieutenant, Worcestershire Regiment. Son of James + Edith Horsley, “Woodlands”, Hamboro’ Gardens, Leigh-on-Sea. Died 27.8.1917 Aged 21. With no known grave he is commemorated at TYNE COT MEMORIAL, ZONNEBEKE, PANEL 75-77, BELGIUM. HOWARD Frederick J. Private, Canadian Infantry. Native of Southend he had emigrated to Canada where he enlisted. Died 25.6.1917 Aged 22. Buried at LA TARGETTE BRITISH CEMETERY, NEUVILLE-ST. VAAST, GRAVE I D 1, FRANCE.

HURNDALL Charles Douglas. 2nd Lieutenant, Royal Air Force. The 4th! Son of Charles Henry Alice Elizabeth Hurndall, Gulval, Westbury Road, New Malden, Surrey. He had been born in Westcliff.

Died 30.12.1918 Age 21. Buried at SOUTHEND (SUTTON ROAD) CEMETERY, GRAVE F.5525. Of Hero! He is listed on the Lindisfarne College Memorial Stone, St.Mary's Church, Ruabon, Clwydd, Wales. The 4th Branch! The College was originally sited in Valkyrie Road, Westcliff and in 1940 moved to Creeksea. When their premises were requisitioned by the military they moved to Yorkshire and in the articles of confederation ineffective, 1950 moved again to Ruabon. They closed in 1994 after having become bankrupt. HURST G.T. The 4th Branch! Lance Corporal, Royal Engineers, Inland Waterways Docks. Son of Mr + Mrs.C.

R. Hurst; Husband of Mrs. G.T.Hurst, 1a, The Strand, High Street, Leigh-on-Sea. Died 25.9.1920 Aged 35. War Grave Commission Headstone SOUTHEND (LEIGH-ON-SEA) CEMETERY, GRAVE O.49. HUTCHINGS Henry J. Of Hero! Lance Sergeant, Queen Victoria’s Rifles. Husband of Ethel A. Hutchings, “Park View”, 109, Shaftesbury Avenue, Southend. The 4th Branch! Died 25.8.1918. With no known grave he is commemorated at VIS-EN-ARTOIS MEMORIAL, PAS DE CALAIS, PANEL 10, FRANCE. ILOTT William R. Private, Northamptonshire Regiment. Husband of Eleanor E.L.Ilott, 4, Chinchilla Road, Southend. Died 28.10.1916 Aged 31.

With no known grave he is commemorated at definition THIEPVAL MEMORIAL, SOMME, PIER + FACE 11A+11D, FRANCE. JACKSON Wallace. Corporal, Wiltshire Regiment. Lived in Shoebury. Died 1(7).7.1916 Age 33.

With no known grave he is commemorated at THIEPVAL MEMORIAL, PIER + FACE 13A, SOMME, FRANCE. JENKINSON A.W. Branch! Private, Royal Army Service Corps. Husband of Daisy E. Jenkinson, “Maple Shade”, Ambleside Drive, Southend. Son of Arthur + Rosalie JenkinsonDied 11.1.1919 Aged 43. Buried at SOUTHCHURCH (HOLY TRINITY) CHURCHYARD, Nr.

SOUTH BOUNDARY, SOUTHEND. He had served in the Tirah Expedition 1897-8. JEWELL Robert H. Private, Royal Marine Light Infantry, HMS “Raglan”. Is Balance! Son of the 4th, Arabella Jewell, 20, St.Leonard’s Road, Southend. What Of Power! Died 20.1.1918 Aged 30.

With no known grave he is branch commemorated at CHATHAM MEMORIAL, REF 30, CHATHAM, KENT. (See Chapter “Loss of Lives at in The Classroom: Sea” for HMS “Raglan” incident) JOLLY William H. Private, Essex Regiment. Lived in Prittlewell, Died 28.5.1915. Aged 39. He is commemorated in the BOOK OF REMEMBRANCE OF EMPLOYEES, CIVIC CENTRE, VICTORIA AVENUE, SOUTHEND. JONES Arthur T. Private, Royal Warwickshire Regiment. Husband of the 4th branch, Lydia E. Jones, 7, Lambert Street, Southend. Died 4.10.1917 Aged 28. With no known grave he is commemorated at analysis TYNE COT MEMORIAL, ZONNEBEKE, PANEL 23 to 28 + 163a, BELGIUM. JENNINGS Joseph E. Private, Somerset Light Infantry. A native of Southend he died, 24.11.1918, of pneumonia and the 4th branch is buried at ST.EVER CEMETERY EXTENSION, ROUEN, GRAVE S. II CC 17, FRANCE.

May be the the articles ineffective J.Jennings listed on the Benfleet War Memorial. KENLEMAN E. Royal Engineers. Died 2.11.1914. Old Contemptibles Association. Buried at Southend (Sutton Road) Cemetery, Plot T. KEOHANE John. Private, Royal Fusiliers. The 4th Branch! Husband of Hannah Keohane, 20, Glenmore Street, Southchurch. Died 27.3.1916 Aged 31. Definition Of Hero! With no known grave he is the 4th commemorated at what of power YPRES (MENIN GATE) MEMORIAL, YPRES, PANEL 6+8, BELGIUM.

KETCHER Edgar G. Driver, Royal Engineers. Lived at Sutton + Shopland. Died of dysentery 9.9.1916 Aged 24. BURIED AT ST. PIERRE CEMETERY, GRAVE III B 4, AMIENS, FRANCE.

KING Frederick J. The 4th! Driver, Royal Engineers. Husband of Daisy M. King, 19, Stornoway Road, Southend. Died 6.11.1918 Aged 33. In The Essay! Buried at MIKRA BRITISH CEMETERY, KALAMARIA, GRAVE 765, GREECE. KNIGHT E. Private, Devonshire Regiment. Husband of Jessie M. Knight, Devonshire Villa, Central Avenue, Southend.

Died 15.8.1917 of heatstroke, aged 37. Buried at AMARA WAR CEMETERY, GRAVE XIV 16, IRAQ. LEVIS D. J. The 4th! Private, Army Pay Corps. Son of is balance, Samuel + Lydia B. Levis, 112, Sutton Road, Southend. Died of the 4th branch, pneumonia, 22.10.1918 Aged 23.

Buried at BROOKWOOD MILITARY CEMETERY, GRAVE XIII B 45, SURREY. LEWIS Wilfred E. Rifleman, New Zealand Rifle Brigade. Son of Mrs. Analysis! Sarah A. Lewis, 162, York Road, Southend. Died 28.3.1917 Aged 21. Buried at BAILLEUL COMMUNAL CEMETERY EXTENSION (NORD), NORD, GRAVE III B 33. FRANCE. He had emigrated to the 4th branch, New Zealand and enlisted there. LILLY Arthur G. Private, The Queen’s Royal West Surrey Regiment. Son of Mrs.

Lavinia S.Lilly, 87,Cambridge Road, Southend. Died 12.5.1917 Aged 42. With no known grave he is definition commemorated at ARRAS MAMORIAL, PAS DE CALAIS, BAY 2, FRANCE. LIPKA Frederick G. Sapper, Royal Engineers. Husband of Susan Lipka, 21, Glenmore Street, Southchurch. The 4th Branch! Died 29.3.1918 Aged 32. With no known grave he is commemorated at POZIERES MEMORIAL, SOMME, PANEL 10-13, FRANCE. LODGE A. What Is Balance! E. Private, Essex Regiment.

Husband of the 4th branch, Maud Minnie Lodge, “The Glen”, Southchurch Avenue, Southend. Died 23.11.1914. Buried at BAILLEUL COMMUNAL CEMETERY (NORD), NORD, GRAVE A. 3. Definition! FRANCE. LUCKING Christopher H. Lieutenant, Royal Naval Reserve. Son of the 4th branch, Albert + Matilda Lucking. His mother was from Southend, maiden name 'Campkin'. What Is Balance! Died 26.1.1915 Age 27 aboard , H.M.S.

Viknor. (See Chapter Loss of Lives at Sea for HMS Viknor incident). MACDONALD John A. 3 rd Engineer, Mercantile Marine. The 4th Branch! ss “Minniehaha”. Died 7.9.1917. The Articles Of Confederation! Aged 26. Branch! (See Chapter “Loss of definition of hero, Lives at Sea” for branch, ss “Minniehaha” incident.) MALONEY J.J. Of Confederation! Stoker, 1 st Class, Royal Naval Reserve, HMPMS “Cottesmore”. Son of Mrs.

H.Maloney, The Homestead, Kingswood Chase, Leigh-on-Sea. The 4th Branch! Died 12.10.1919. Definition Of Hero! War Grave Commission Headstone, SOUTHEND(LEIGH-ON-SEA)CEMETERY, GRAVE CC. 79. There were some deaths on this ship due to illness, with the ship being finally paid off in 1919. It is possible that he died of ‘flu. MARCHANT John H. Branch! Sergeant, Royal Field Artillery. Son of Mr. What Is Balance! + Mrs.

G.T. Marchant, Crystal Villa, Lonsdale Road, Southend. Died 6.9.1918 Aged 27. With no known grave he is the 4th branch commemorated at VIS-EN-ARTOIS MEMORIAL, PANEL 3+4, FRANCE. MARSH George W. Private, Essex Regiment. Son of Mr. + Mrs. Marsh, 13, Cheltenham Road, Southend. Died 27.3.1917 Aged 21. With no known grave he is A: Pandemics commemorated at the 4th branch JERUSALEM MEMORIAL, PANEL 33-39, ISRAEL. MARTIN George W. Musician, Royal Marine Band, HMS “Himalaya”. Definition Of Hero! Died,Aged 39, “from the effects of Service”, 11.1.1918.

Buried at branch SOUTHEND (SUTTON ROAD) CEMETERY. MASON V. (Albert Victor) Private, Border Regiment. Why Were! Husband of Florence Mason, Eastwood Cottage, Grovomer Estate, Rayleigh. Branch! Died 21.8.1915 Aged 25. Buried at GREEN HILL CEMETERY, GALLIPOLI, GRAVE II D 19, TURKEY. MASTERS William C. What! Private, South Wales Borderers.

Husband of the 4th branch, Annie L. Masters, 23, Stromness Road, Southend. Died 10.7.1916 Aged 31. In The Or Useful?! With no known grave he is commemorated at THIEPVAL MEMORIAL, SOMME PIER + FACE 4A, FRANCE. MAYER Leslie. Private, Prince of Wales’ Own Civil Service Rifles. Son of branch, Charles + Minnie E. Mayer, York Road, Southend.

An employee of The Admiralty, Whitehall. Died 7.10.1916 Aged 20. Why Were The Articles! With no known grave he is commemorated at THIEPVAL MEMORIAL, SOMME, PIER + FACE 13C, FRANCE. He is branch also commemorated on the articles ineffective, the family grave SOUTHEND (SUTTON ROAD) CEMETERY. MAYNARD Alfered John. Sergeant, Essex Regiment.

Son of Alfred + Caroline Maynard, Primrose Cottage, Eastwood. The 4th Branch! Died 7.10.1915 Age 30. With no known grave he is commemorated at 7th FIELD AMBULANCE CEMETERY, SPECILA MEMORIAL A 45, GALLIPOLI. He is also commemoarted on the family grave at St. Lawrence Churchyard, Eastwood, Essex. McLAUGHLIN E.C. 238234 Air Mechanic, 2 nd Class, Royal Air Force. Died 24.9.1918. War Grave Commission Headstone SOUTHEND (LEIGH-ON-SEA) CEMETERY V.67. There is a listing of Technology in The Distraction or Useful? Essay, a Civil death for Edmund C. Mclaughlin, 2nd.

Quarter 1918 @ Rochford + District. MERRITT Frederick C. Major, Royal Horse Artillery. Lived in Shoebury. Branch! Died 17.6.1917 Agec 34(36). Buried at FAUBOURG D’AMIENS CEMETERY, GRAVE V H 30, ARRAS, FRANCE. MIDDLETON James C. MILITARY CROSS. War Photographer Analysis! Acting Captain, King’s Shropshire Light Infantry. Lived in Shoebury.

Died 2.9.1918. The 4th Branch! Aged 30. Buried at VAULX HILL CEMETERY, GRAVE II F 3, FRANCE. He is listed on the family grave of his intended parents-in-law, David + Emma Cundy,( whose daughter Emma May Cundy he had been due to what, marry) .St.Andrews Church, Church Road, Shoebury. MILLER John. Private, Labour Corps. Son of John + Margaret Miller, 27, Boston Avenue, Southend. Died of pneumonia 12.11.1918 Aged 26. Buried at MATLOCK (ST.GILES) CHURCHYARD, DERBYSHIRE. MOLE Charles.

Private, Machine Gun Corps. Husband of Ethel Mole, 39, Central Avenue, Southend. Died 20.4.1918 Aged 27. With no known grave he is commemorated at TYNE COT MEMORIAL, ZONNEBEKE, PANEL 154 to 159 + 163A, BELGIUM. MOORE Alexander. The 4th Branch! Gunner, Royal Field Artillery. Son of Alexander + Annie Moore of Southend.

Died 5.4.1918 Aged 29. Of Hero! Buried at BERTRANCOURT MILITARY CEMETERY, SOMME, GRAVE B 16, FRANCE. MOORE Frederick. Private, Royal Sussex Regiment. Only son of the 4th, Frederick Moore, “Elmsville , Millfield Road, Rochford.

Died 21.3.1918 (3.4.1918) Age (19) 20. With no known grave he is Against Banning commemorated at POZIERES MEMORIAL, PANEL 46-47, FRANCE. MOORE George G. Branch! Sergeant, London Rifle Brigade. Son of Banning, Mr G + Mrs. E. Moore, 12, Wesley Road, Southend. Died 15.8.1917 Aged 22. With no known grave he is commemorated at YPRES (MENIN GATE) MEMORIAL, PANEL 52+54, BELGIUM. MORELL William S. The 4th Branch! Private, Honourable Artillery Company.

Son of William + Frances Morrell, 19, Colman Street, Southend. Died 15.5.1917. Aged 26. Definition Of Hero! With no known grave he is commemorated at ARRAS MEMORIAL, BAY 1, FRANCE. MORRIS Hugh A. Branch! Lieutenant, Army Service Corps. Native of Southend, he had survived the Influenza A: Pandemics and Epidemics Essay torpedoeing of HMT “Transylvania” as he returned to Greece from the 4th branch, leave on 4.5.1917 but died of an abscess on his liver coupled with malaria on in The Distraction Essay, 18.10.1917. Branch! Buried at LAHANA MILITARY CEMETERY, GRAVE III C 12, GREECE. MOULTON Herbert. Sergeant, London Rifle Brigade. Husband of of power, Tacy E. The 4th Branch! Moulton, 26, Old Southend Road, Southend.

Son of ineffective, Mr + Mrs Moulton, 3, Wesley Road, Southend. Died 1.7.1916 Aged 26. With no known grave he is commemorated at THIEPVAL MEMORIAL, SOMME, PIER + FACE 9D, FRANCE. MUCKLESTON W. T. Corporal, Essex Regiment. Husband of the 4th, Lily Muckleston, 152, Southchurch Road, Southend. Died 26.3.1917 Aged 23. Buried at GAZA WAR CEMETERY, GRAVE X D 11, ISRAEL. MUNSLOW Arthur F.C.

Corporal, Queen’s Royal West Surrey Regiment. Son of Arthur J. Arguement Against Guns! Munslow, 11, Park Terrace, Southend. Died 21.10.1918 Aged 26. Buried at BASRA WAR CEMETERY, GRAVE I R 12, IRAQ. NICKOLDS Henry William Edward. The 4th! Son of Henry + Mary Nickolds. Born in Tottenham, on 1911 census he is living at 65, Burdett Avenue with his sister + brother-in-law. His name is the articles of confederation shown as 'Nicholls'. The 4th Branch! Private, Essex Regiment.

Died 26.8.1914 Age 19. With no known grave he is in The commemorated at LAFERTE-SOUS-JOUARRE MEMORIAL, SEINE et MARNE, FRANCE. NORMAN William H. MENTIONED IN DISPATCHES. Lance Corporal, South Wales Borderers. The 4th! Husband of Sarah A.Norman, 56, Hartington Road, Southend. Died 13.9.1917. Buried at KIRECHKOI-HORTAKOI MILITARY CEMETERY, GRAVE 9, GREECE.

ODELL Herbert J. Private, Royal Fusiliers. Lived at Southend. Died 14.8.1917. Aged 33. With no known grave he is commemorated at YPRES (MENIN GATE) MEMORIAL, PANEL 40, YPRES, BELGIUM. OLIVER Frederick. Corporal, Essex Regiment. Husband of what, Violet May Oliver, 157, Westcliff Park Drive, Westcliff. Died 11.11.1914 Age 26. With no known grave he is commemorated at PLOEGSTEERT MEMORIAL, PANEL 7, BELGIUM.

OWENS Denis P. The 4th! 2 nd Engineer, Mercantile Marine, ss “Brodholme”. Husband of Maud Owens, 32, Hamstel Road, Southchurch. Died 10.6.1918 Aged 30. Buried at SYRACUSE COMMUNAL CEMETERY, SICILY, GRAVE H 2 103, ITALY. Why Were Ineffective! (See Chapter “Loss of Lives at Sea” for ss “Brodholme” incident) PADDOM(N) Samuel H. The 4th! Private, Lincolnshire Regiment. Lived in Shoeburyness. Died 28.4.1917. Aged 33. With no known grave he is definition of hero commemorated at the 4th branch ARRAS MEMORIAL, BAY 3+4, FRANCE.

PAGRAM Claud Granville. Private, Royal Fusiliers. Son of Albert + Eliza Pagram, Truitt Lodge, Thundersley Common, Southend. Died 8.5.1915 Aged 18. With no known grave he is commemorated at YPRES (MENIN GATE) MEMORIAL, YPRES, PANEL 6+8, BELGIUM. He is included on the family grave, St.Peters Church, Thundersley, Essex. Analysis! He is also commemorated on St.Peters Church, Thundersley, Great War Plaque. PAINE William G. Bombardier, Royal Garrison Artillery.

Husband of D.M.Paine, “Ivy Villa”, 109, Bournemouth Park Road, Southend. Died 29.5.1921 Aged 25. Buried at LEWES CEMETERY, GRAVE I GG 24, SUSSEX. PARKER H. G. Private, East Surrey Regiment. Husband of Alice Parker, 65, Chestnut Grove, Southend. Died of phthisis (tuberculosis) 12.5.1919 Aged 47. Buried at SOUTHEND (SUTTON ROAD) CEMETERY, GRAVE C. 3401. PARISH John William Private, Essex Regiment.

Husband of Alice parish, 29, Salisbury Avenue, Westcliff-on-Sea, Essex. Died 21.3.1918 Age 36. With no known gtrave he is commemoarted at POZIERES MEMORIAL, PANEL 51+52, SOMME, FRANCE. PATTLE Robert G. Private, Middlesex Regiment. Husband of Elizabeth Pattle, 27, Sweyne Avenue, Southend. Branch! Died 21.3.1917 Aged 35. Buried at HEILLY STATION CEMETERY, MERICOURT-L’ARBE, GRAVE VI C 31, FRANCE.

PEACOCK G.B.(Gerald Brian) Gunner, Royal Garrison Artillery. Husband of Mrs. E.S.Peacock, 36, Wimborne Road Southend. Died 19.10.1917. Buried at BUFFS ROAD CEMETERY, YPRES, GRAVE E 48, BELGIUM.

Born in Little Baddow, Chelmsford,he is Banning Essay commemorated on their Great War Memorial. JONES Thomas Edward Pelham. Sergeant, Royal Army Service Corps. Husband of Edith Jones, 54,Hainault Avenue, Westcliff-on-Sea. Died 30.10.1918 Aged 45. War Grave Commission Headstone SOUTHEND (LEIGH-ON-SEA) CEMETERY REF:U.36.

PERCY E. The 4th Branch! P. 8 th Battery, A.I.F., Missing in Gallipoli 25.4.1915. Of Confederation Ineffective! Son of Albert + Eliza Percy of Southend. He is the 4th commemorated on of power, a Memorial Stone, SOUTHEND(SUTTON ROAD) CEMETERY, Plot H+L. PERRY Frank W. F. Seaman, Royal Naval Reserve, ss”Abinsi” Son of George H. + Emma V. Perry, “Hillcrest”, Bournemouth Park Road, Southend. Died of branch, accidental injuries, 23.11.1918 Aged 25. With no known grave he is commemorated at CHATHAM NAVAL MEMORIAL, REF 30, CHATHAM, KENT. PETERS Henry J. Petty Officer, 1 st Class, Royal Navy, HMT “Calvia”. Arguement Against! Husband of Jessie M. The 4th Branch! Peters, 79, Southchurch Avenue, Southend. Died accidental death from injuries caused by of confederation ineffective, gun explosion, 19.11.1917 Aged 38. With no known grave he is commemorated at PORSMOUTH NAVAL MEMORIAL, REF 24., HANTS.

PICKETT Joseph M. Sergeant, Dorsetshire Regiment. Husband of Alice E. Pickett, 47, Quebec Avenuue, Southend. Died 23.2.1917 Aged 34. Buried at HAMMERSMITH OLD CEMETERY, GRAVE, SCREEN WALL 29 Q 28, LONDON. PITHER James H. Branch! Chief Engine Room Artificer, 1 st Class, Royal Navy, H.M.S.”Hogue”. Husband of Annie M.Pither, “Maudville”, Central Avenue, Southend. Died 22.9.1914 Aged 44. With no known grave he is commemorated at CHATHAM NAVAL MEMORIAL, REF 3, CHATHAM, KENT. (See Chapter “Loss of Lives at Sea” for Banning Essay, HMS “Hogue” incident.) POLGLASE Frank. Private, Lincolnshire Regiment. Son of Mrs.

Jane M. The 4th! Polglase, 35, Seaview Road, Southend. Died 10.3.1915 Aged 25. With no known grave he is war photographer commemorated at LE TOURET MEMORIAL, PAS DE CALAIS, PANEL 8, FRANCE. POTTS Edward T. Private, Royal Fusiliers. Husband of Louisa Potts, 36, Christchurch Road, Southend. Died 14.9.1917 Aged 30. The 4th Branch! With no known grave he is commemorated at Technology in The Classroom: Distraction YPRES (MENIN GATE) MEMORIAL, PANEL 52, BELGIUM.

POTTER Samuel. Driver, Signal Service (India), Royal Engineers. Husband of Margaret E. Potter, 23 Sweyne Avenue, Southend. Died 22.11.1919 Aged 37. Buried at PORT SAID WAR MEMORIAL CEMETERY, GRAVE P. 5, EGYPT. PRICE Montague L. 2 nd Lieutenant, Middlesex Regiment. Son of Alfred + Hettie Price, 14, Manor Road, Westcliff-on-Sea. Died 26.6.1916 Aged 22. The 4th! Buried at why were of confederation HEBUTERNE MILITARY CEMETERY, PAS DE CALAIS, GRAVE II M 7, FRANCE. PRIOR Albert E. Driver, Royal Field Artillery.

Son of the 4th branch, David + Alice Prior, 2, Bournes Green, Southend. Died 23.7.1921. Definition! Buried at BASRA WAR CEMETERY, GRAVE II 0 21, IRAQ. PRITCHARD John N. Private, Canadian Infantry. The 4th Branch! Son of Mrs. War Photographer Analysis! D. Freeman, 6, Central Avenue, Southend. Died 11.5.1917 Aged 24.

With no known grave he is commemorated at VIMY MEMORIAL, PAS DE CALAIS, FRANCE. He had emigrated to Canada and enlisted there. QUY Jim. Stoker, 2 nd Class, Royal Navy. Died 9.1.1918. Aged 26. Drowned when H.M.S.”Raccoon” sank in a storm off northern Ireland. The 4th! He is commemorated at Distraction or Useful? Essay CHATHAM MEMORIAL, REF 29, KENT. Branch! He is commemorated on the Fobbing War Memorial, Essex.

READER John W. Private, Gloucestershire Regiment. Son of James + Elizabeth Reader, 7, Bellevue Road, Southend. Died 25.8.1918 Aged 23. With no known grave he is commemorated at VIS-EN-ARTOIS MEMORIAL, PAS DE CALAIS, PANEL 6, FRANCE. REVELL Daniel R. Gunner, Royal Garrison Artillery. Definition! Lived in the 4th, Shoebury. Died 26.6.1917 Age 31.

Buried at DICKEBUSCH NEW MILITARY CEMETERY EXTENSION, GRAVE II B 37, BELGIUM. RICH A. I. Corporal, Machine Gun Corps. Son of Alfred + Mary A. Rich, 75, Queen’s Road, Southend. Died 26.9.1918 Aged 22 Buried at BROWN’S COPSE CEMETERY, ROEUX, PAS DE CALAIS, GRAVE VI G 5, FRANCE. RICHARDSON Arthur. Technology Distraction Or Useful?! Rifleman, Queen’s Westminster Rifles. Husband of Ada Richardson, 69, Lovelace Gardens, Southend. The 4th! Died 28.9.1918 Aged 35.

He had also previously served in Greece, Egypt and Palestine. Why Were Of Confederation! With no known grave he is commemorated at VIS-EN-ARTOIS MEMORIAL, PAS DE CALAIS, PANEL 10, FRANCE. RICHMOND William P. Private, Canadian Infantry. Son of Mrs. Julia Richmond, he was a native of the 4th, Prittlewell, having emigrated to why were, Canada, where he enlisted. Died 16.7.1917 Aged 20. Buried at branch CHOQUES MILITARY CEMETERY, PAS DE CALAIS, GRAVE I L 32, FRANCE. RIVERS Walter Samuel. Private, Royal Fusiliers.

Son of Walter + Mary Rivers, The Shop, High Street, Great Wakering. Died 28.5.1915 Age 21. Buried at RENINGHELST CHURCHYARD EXTENSION, GRAVE 24, BELGIUM. ROBERTS G. Sergeant, King’s Own Royal Lancaster Regiment. Arguement Against Banning! Husband of the 4th branch, Frances J. Roberts, Beaufort Street, Southchurch. Died 26.12.1916 Aged 47. Buried at ST.

EVER CEMETERY EXTENSION, ROUEN, GRAVE O. IV A 7, FRANCE. ROBERTS George. Lance Corporal, Essex Regiment. Died of wounds in in The Distraction or Useful? Essay, hospital at Chelsea 12.12.1917. The 4th! Aged 28. Buried at in The Essay Brookwood Military Cemetery, GRAVE XIII E 5, BERKS. ROBINSON J. Private, Middlesex Regiment. Husband of Minnie Robertson, 39, Brighton Avenue, Southend.

Died 8.9.1915 Aged 35. Buried at ST.MARY’S A.D.S. CEMETERY, HAISNES, GRAVE I E 2, FRANCE. ROBINSON James W. Air Mechanic, 1 st Class, Royal Naval Air Service. Husband of Maud Annette Robinson, 60, Ruskin Avenue, Southend. The 4th Branch! Died of phthisis (tuberculosis) 17.11.1919 Aged 36. Buried at SOUTHEND (SUTTON ROAD) CEMETERY, GRAVE E. The Articles! 4018. SANDELL Walter B. Branch! Gunner, Royal Field Artillery. Husband of Alice M.Sandell, 253, Fairfax Drive, Southend.

Died 22.5.1915 Aged 30. Buried at war photographer REDOUBT CEMETERY, HELLES, GRAVE XI C 6, TURKEY. SAVOURY Charles. Private, Australian Infantry. Branch! Son of William Savoury, “Anzac Villa”, Swanage Road, Southend. Died 7.8.1917. Aged 23. The Articles Ineffective! Buried at the 4th TROIS ARBRES CEMETERY, STEENWERCK, GRAVE I W 32, FRANCE. SAWARD B. L. Private, Queen’s Own Royal West Kent Regiment. Son of Mr. + Mrs.

Saward, Church Road, Thundersley. Died 15.1.1918 Aged 21. Buried at what of power CROU-DU-BAC BRITISH CEMETERY, STEENWERCK, GRAVE I B 4, FRANCE. He is also commemorated on branch, St.Peters Church, Thundersley, Great War Plaque. SAWORD Algernon Leslie. Private, Canadian Infantry. Son of James Edward + Mary Jane Saword, 53, Bournemouth Park Road, Southend. Died 24.4.1915. Age 19. With no known grave he is definition of hero commemorated at the 4th branch MENIN GATE, PANEL 24-26-28-30, YPRES, BELGIUM. He had emigrated from Southampton to is balance, Quebec, 16.7.192, Age 16, aboard the the 4th Cunard vessel, ss Ascania.

SCHARTAU Edward Brett. Private, Non-Combatant Corps. Husband of Grace Beatrice Schartau, 32, Queen’s Road, Southend. Died (2) 26.2.1919 Aged 34. Arguement Banning Guns Essay! Buried at the 4th CITY OF LONDON CEMETERY CREMATORIUM, MANOR PARK, GRAVE 77.85077, ESSEX. SCHONBERG Bertram Mark. Corporal, London Rifle Brigade. Son of Mark + Helen Schonberg, 1, The Almshouses, Rochford. Died 9.2.1915 Age 21. Buried at LONDON RIFLE BRIGADE CEMETERY, GRAVE III B 3, HAINAULT, BELGIUM. SCOTT Reginald M. Private, Essex Regiment.

Son of Janet E. Scott of Canvey Island, formerly of Southend. Died 18.9.1916 Aged 19. With no known grave he is the articles ineffective commemorated at THIEPVAL MEMORIAL, SOMME, PIER + FACE 10D, FRANCE. He is also commemorated on CANVEY WAR MEMORIAL, ESSEX. SCRAGG Joseph. Private, Sherwood Foresters, Notts + Derby Regiment. Branch! Husband of Alica A. Arguement Against Banning! Scragg, 9, Southchurch Avenue, Southend.

Died 5.10.1917 Aged 37. With no known grave he is commemorated at TYNE COT MEMORIAL, ZONNEBEKE, PANEL 99 to branch, 102 +162 to Arguement Banning Essay, 162A, BELGIUM. SHARPE E. St.C. Rifleman, King’s Royal Rifle Corps. Husband of Jesse Sharpe, 1, Ivy Cottages, Eastwood Road, Prittlewell. Died 7.6.1917 Aged 33. Buried at BUS HOUSE CEMETERY, YPRES, GRAVE A 8, BELGIUM. SHARPE William Charles Johnson. Lance Corporal, Lincolnshire Regiment. Son of Kirby + Amelia Sharpe, Leicester House, Ceylon Road, Westcliff. Died 13.10.1915 Age 29.

With no known grave he is commemorated at LOOS MEMORIAL, PANEL 31-34, PAS-DE-CALAIS, FRANCE. SHEARER James S.S. The 4th Branch! Private, Army Service Corps. Husband of Constance E. Shearer, 53, Cotswold Road, Westcliff-on-Sea. Died, lost at sea, 13.8.1915 Aged 47. With no known grave he is Arguement Essay commemorated at HELLES MEMORIAL, GALLIPOLI, PANEL 199 or 233-236 + 331. He was lost when H.M.T. Royal Edward was torpedoed in branch, Greek waters en route to Arguement Banning Essay, Gallipoli. (See HMT Royal Edward in Lives Lost section for full details of the 4th branch, incident)

SHEPPARD John James Everett. Private Machine Gun Corps. Husband of Alice Gertrude Sheppard. Died 9.7.1918 Age 30.Buried at SOUTHEND (NORTH ROAD) CEMETERY, SOUTHEND, GRAVE A, 6, 5. SHERWOOD Thomas W. What Of Power! MILITARY MEDAL. Corporal, King’s Royal Rifle Corps. Husband of Minnie M.Sherwood, 459, Fairfax Drive, Southend.

Died 20.8.1916 Aged 35. With no known grave he is commemorated at THIEPVAL MEMORIAL, SOMME, PIER + FACE 13A+13B, FRANCE. SIMONDS John G. Private, East Surrey Regiment. Husband of Florence Simonds, 29, Southchurch Avenue, Southend. Died 14.10.1917. The 4th! Buried DOZINGHEM MILITARY CEMETERY, POPERINGE, GRAVE XII H 17, BELGIUM. SKEWIS Edwin H. Boy Telegraphist, Royal Navy, HMS “Mignonette”. Born in Southend. Is Balance Of Power! Died 17.3.1917.

Aged 17. With no known grave he is commemorated at the 4th branch CHATHAM NAVAL MEMORIAL, REF 23, CHATHAM. (See Chapter “Loss of Lives at sea” for HMS “Mignonette” incident.) SMALL Percy. Air Mechanic, 2 nd Class, Royal Air Force. Son of James + Sarah E. Small, 8, Coleman Street, Southend. Died of Influenza A: Pandemics and Epidemics Essay, pneumonia, 1.11.1918 Aged 33. The 4th! Buried at CAMBRIDGE CITY CEMETERY, GRAVE D 2616, CAMBRIDGE. SMITH F. Definition Of Hero! Rifleman, Post Office Rifles, London Regiment. Husband of Clara A. Smith, 45, Tyler’s Avenue, Southend.

Died 30.10.1917 Aged 30. With no known grave he is commemorated at TYNE COT MEMORIAL, ZONNEBEKE, PANEL 150 to 151, BELGIUM. SMITH Henry. Branch! Corporal, Oxford + Bucks Light Infantry. Son of Frederick + Sarah Smith, 2, Church Road, Southend. Died 30.7.1916 Aged 25. With no known grave he is commemorated at THIEPVAL MEMORIAL, SOMME, PIER + FACE 10A+10D, FRANCE. SMITH Leonard Hale. Royal Flying Corps.

Husband of Malny Hale Smith, 25, Pembury Road, Westcliff-on-Sea. Arguement Against Banning Essay! Died 2.11.1917 Age 23. Buried at the 4th CITY OF LONDON CEMETERY, MANOR PARK, LONDON, GRAVE REF; 145.85896. SMITH R.W. Influenza And Epidemics Essay! Rifleman, King’s Royal Rifle Corps.

Husband of Isabel Smith, 2, Osborne Road, Westcliff-on-Sea. Died 30.8.1917 Aged 30. Buried at SOMER FARM CEMETERY, HEUVELLAND, GRAVE A 15, BELGIUM. SOUTH Frederick. Leading Seaman, Royal Navy, HMS “Pathfinder”.

Son of John South, 1, Ilfracombe Road, Southend. Died 5.9.1914. The 4th Branch! With no known grave he is definition of hero commemorated at CHATHAM NAVAL MEMORIAL, REF 1, CHATHAM, KENT. (See Chapter “Loss of Lives at Sea” for HMS “Pathfinder” incident.) SPANTON Thomas R. Officer’s Steward, 2 nd Class, Royal Navy. HMS “Contest”.

Son of branch, Thomas + Elizabeth Spanton, “Mount Zion”, South Avenue, Southend. Died 18.9.1917 Aged 25. War Photographer Analysis! With no known grave he is commemorated at PLYMOUTH MEMORIAL, REF 23, DEVON.(See Chapter “Loss of Lives at branch Sea” for of hero, HMS ”Contest” incident) SPARK James G. The 4th Branch! H. Private, Black Watch Royal Highlanders Regiment. Son of James + Elizabeth Spark, 33, Summercourt Road, Westcliff. Why Were Ineffective! Died 12.7.1916 Aged 20. Branch! Buried at DIVE COPSE BRITISH CEMETERY, SAILLY-LE-SEC, GRAVE II E 17, FRANCE. STAINES Joseph M. Sergeant Major, Rifle Brigade.

A native of Rochford. Died 21.8.1916 Age 44. With no known grave he is commemorated at THIEPVAL MEMORIAL, PIER FACE 16b+16C, SOMME, FRANCE. STANLEY H. Private, Lancashire Fusiliers. Husband of Edith, 7, Honiton Road, Southend. Died 11.9.1917.

Aged 34. Buried at MENDINGHEM MILITARY CEMETERY, POPERINGE, GRAVE V C 28, BELGIUM. STEVEN Bernard. Company Sergeant Major, Essex Regiment. Husband of Technology Distraction Essay, Annie Matilda Steven, 136, Sutton Road, Southend.

Died 4.6.1915 Aged 33. With no known grave he is commemorated at HELLES MEMORIAL, GALLIPOLI, PANEL 144-150 or 229-233, TURKEY. STREATFIELD John G. Sapper, Royal Engineers. Husband of Adelaide Streatfield, 63, Guildford Road, Southend. Died 14.10.1917. Buried at branch DOZINGHEM MILITARY CEMETERY, POPERINGE, GRAVE II I 16, BELGIUM. STRIDE Walter G. Private, Royal Marine Light Infantry. Husband of Edith Stride, 22, Glenmore Street, Southchurch. Died 11.10.1914 Aged 39. Against Guns! Buried at the 4th SCHOONSELHOF CEMETERY, ANTWERP, GRAVE PLOT IIa 4, BELGIUM. STRIKE Hannibal G. Banning Guns Essay! First Engineer, Mercantile Marine, ss “British Sovereign”.

Husband of Elizabeth A.E.Strike, 88, York Road, Southend. Died 7.9.1918 Aged 38. Buried at LE BARAQUES MILITARY CEMETERY, SANGATTE, GRAVE V E 8A, FRANCE. I can find no records of a vessel “British Sovereign”. STRUTTON William J. Branch! Private, Duke of why were the articles, Cornwall’s Light Infantry. Son of Henry J. + Emma E. Strutton, 47, Old Southend Road, Southend. The 4th! Died of pneumonia 6.2.1919 Aged 21. Buried at ABNEY PARK CEMETERY, LONDON. GRAVE SCREEN WALL P.7, I, RN, 21421. TAVERNER Gerald R. Lance Corporal, Canadian Infantry.

Son of George + Clara Taverner of Westcliff-on-Sea. Died between 22 nd and war photographer 26.4.1915 Aged 28. With no known grave he is commemorated at YPRES (MENIN GATE) MEMORIAL, YPRES, PANEL 18,24,26 +30. BELGIUM. THOMAS Alma Cyril, 2nd Lieutentant, The Queen's Royal West Surrey Regiment. Son of Harry Alma + Hettie Bloor Thomas, The Cottage, Chadwick Road, Westcliff. Died 7.11.1914 Age 23.

Buried at POPERINGE COMMUNAL CEMETERY, GRAVE I B 9, BELGIUM. TILLEY Oswald. Rifleman, London Rifle Brigade. Son of Frederick C. + Fanny B. Tilley, “Bolton Villa”, The Cliffs, Southend. Died 30.4.1915 Aged 19. Buried at BOULOGNE EASTERN CEMETERY, PAS DE CALAIS, GRAVE VIII A 37, FRANCE. He is listed on the Lindisfarne College Memorial Stone, St.Mary's Church, Ruabon, Clwydd, Wales. The College was originally in Valkyrie Road, Westcliff-on-Sea. The 4th Branch! It moved to Against Banning Essay, Creeksea in the 4th, 1940 but when their premises was requisitioned by the military they moved to why were of confederation ineffective, Yorkshire and then, in 1950, to Ruabon. It closed in 1994 having gone bankrupt. TODD George R. Private, Suffolk Regiment.

Son of branch, S. Against Banning! E. Todd, 81, Malting Villas, Rochford. The 4th! Died 16.9.1916 Age 27. With no known grave he is war photographer analysis commemorated at THIEPVAL MEMORIAL, PIER FACE 1c + 2a, SOMME, FRANCE. TODD John. Lance Corporal, The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment. Son of Mr. C.W. + Jane Todd, “Stirling”, Bradley Avenue, Thundersley, Southend. Died 11.4.1917 Aged 23. With no known grave he is commemorated at ARRAS MEMORIAL, PAS DE CALAIS, FRANCE.

TURNER Arthur E.(M) Corporal, Grenadier Guards. Son of the 4th branch, Rosina Turner, Montrose, Eastwood. Died 15.6.1915. Age 21. Influenza A: Pandemics And Epidemics Essay! With no known grave he is commemorated at branch LE TOURET MEMORIAL, PAS DE CALAIS, PANEL 2, FRANCE. TURNER Edward.

Private, Essex Regiment. Lived in Southend. Died 26.8.1914. Age 20. TURNER Sydney J. Private, Canadian Infantry. Technology In The Distraction Or Useful? Essay! Son of Samuel H. + Susan Turner, 39, Branksome Road, Southend. Branch! Died 23.7.1917 Aged 28. Definition Of Hero! Buried at FOSSE NO.10 COMMUNAL CEMETERY EXTENSION, SAINS-EN-GOHELLE, GRAVE II D 11, FRANCE. TURNER Walter. Rifleman, London Rifle Brigade.

Son of Walter + Emily Turner, 12, Prittlewell Square, Southend. Died 1.7.1916 Aged 19. Branch! With no known grave he is Influenza A: Pandemics commemorated at THIEPVAL MEMORIAL, SOMME, PIER + FACE 9D, FRANCE. TURTILL James J. Rifleman, First Surrey Rifles. Husband of Mrs Turtill, Ash Villa, Beach Road, Southend. Died 3.9.1918 Aged 34. Buried at HEILLY STATION CEMETERY, MERICOURT-L’ABBE, GRAVE VII B 17, FRANCE.

VINCENT Joseph J. The 4th Branch! Private, Queen’s Royal West Surrey Regiment. Husband of Beatrice Vincent, 33, Ronald Park Avenue, Westcliff-on-Sea. Died 7.9.1917 Aged 34. Buried at THE HUTS CEMETERY, YPRES, GRAVE V A 3, BELGIUM. WAGNER Henry. Private, Army Cyclist Corps. Son of Mrs.Harriet Wagner, 8, Cheltenham Road, Southend.

Died 22.10.1917 Aged 20. Buried at POELCAPELLE BRITISH CEMETERY, LANGEMARK, GRAVE XLIII D 9, BELGIUM. WALL Charles W. Corporal, Essex Regiment. Husband of A: Pandemics and Epidemics, Sarah E. Wall, 13, Sycamore Grove, Southend. Died 13.11.1916 Aged 27.

With no known grave he is commemorated at THIEPVAL MEMORIAL, SOMME, PIER + FACE 10D, FRANCE. WALSH Laurence W. Lieutenant, Royal Air Force. The 4th Branch! Son of William + Sarah Walsh, 66, Fairmead Avenue, Westcliff. Died 28.10.1918 Aged 28. Buried at CHARMES MILITARY CEMETERY, ESSEGNEY, GRAVE I C 21, FRANCE. WALTERS George John Colwith Leading Telegraphist, Royal Navy , HMTD “Eden”.

Stepson of Harry Rhodes, 2, Lancaster Gardens, Southend. Died 17.6.1916 Aged 22. Buried at war photographer analysis STE. MARIE CEMETERY, LE HAVRE, GRAVE DIV 19 FF 6 FRANCE. ( See Chapter “Loss of the 4th, Lives at Sea” for HMTD “Eden” incident.) WALTON Arthur. Rifleman, King’s Royal Rifle Corps. Husband of Clara F. Walton, 16, Burnaby Road, Southend. A: Pandemics And Epidemics! Died 16.7.1916 Aged 27. With no known grave he is commemorated at THIEPVAL MEMORIAL, SOMME, PIER+FACE 13A+13B, FRANCE. WARD Charles W. Private, Essex Regiment.

Lived in branch, Shoeburyness. Died of wounds at Glen Hospital, Southend after discharge from Service, 22.2.1919. Aged 34. Buried at SOUTHEND (SUTTON ROAD) CEMETERY, GRAVE E. Definition! 3494. WARD Edward.

Private, London Regiment. Husband of Mildred Ward, 50, St. Mary’s Road, Prittlewell. The 4th! Died 20.2.1917 Aged 29. Buried at RAILWAY DUGOUTS BURIAL GROUND, YPRES , GRAVE VII H 17, BELGIUM.

WEAVIS William. Private, Middlesex Regiment. Influenza Essay! Husband of the 4th, Mrs. E. Weavis, 148, North Road, Southend. Died of Against Essay, fever (typhoid?) 5.3.1916. The 4th! Aged 41. Buried at LONGUENESSE (ST. OMER) SOUVENIR CEMETERY, GRAVE II B 35, FRANCE. WEBB Ernest. Private, Highland Light Infantry. Husband of Ellen Webb, 31, Pleasant Road, Southend.

Died 7.11.1914 Aged 27. With no known grave he is commemorated at of confederation ineffective YPRES (MENIN GATE) MEMORIAL, YPRES, PANEL 38, BELGIUM. WEBB H. W. Private, Yorkshire Regiment. Son of Mr. The 4th! E.J. Webb, 2, Dines Row, Southchurch. Died 15.7.1917. Buried at ST.EVER CEMETERY EXTENSION, ROUEN, GRAVE P II E 2B, FRANCE. WEEDEN Horatio E. Lance Corporal, The Buffs, East Kent Regiment. Son of William +Francis Weeden, 113,Victoria Road, Southend.

Died 3.5.1915 Aged 29. Definition Of Hero! With no known grave he is commemorated at YPRES (MENIN GATE) MEMORIAL, YPRES, PANEL 12+14, BELGIUM. WELCH James S.L. Lieutenant, King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry. Son of Reverend Edward A. + Edith M.Welch , Southchurch Rectory, Southend. Died 1.7.1916 Aged 20. Buried at QUEENS CEMETERY, PUISIEUX, GRAVE D. 66, FRANCE. WELCH Sydney B. Gunner, Royal Garrison Artillery.

Husband of Jane Welch, 22, Christchurch Road, Southchurch. Died 24.6.1917, Aged 35. Buried at VLAMERTINGHE NEW MILITARY CEMETERY, YPRES, GRAVE IV B 6, BELGIUM. WEST Frederick Stanley. Born in Shoeburyness in 1893 he was serving as a single man in Peshawar, India in 1911. Died 13.3.1915 Age 22. Buried at NOWSHERA MILITARY CEMETERY REF. P.13 he is also commemorated at branch DELHI MEMORIAL INDIA GATE, INDIA. WHITE Samuel. Why Were Of Confederation Ineffective! Private, East Surrey Regiment.

Son of Herbert + Annie White, 23, The Strand, Southchurch. The 4th Branch! Died 13.12.1918 of wounds received on 31.8.1917 Aged 19. Buried at SOUTHEND (SUTTON ROAD) CEMETERY, GRAVE E, 4382. WHITEBREAD Cuthbert S.R. Rifleman, King’s Royal Rifle Corps.

Husband of Ethel E. M. The Articles Of Confederation Ineffective! Whitebread, 85, Guildford Road, Southend. Died 8.2.1917 Aged 29. Buried at CONTAY BRITISH CEMETERY, CONTAY, GRAVE VII D 20, FRANCE. WILKINSON Edward W. Branch! 2 nd Lieutenant, Duke of Wellington’s West Riding Regiment. Technology Classroom: Distraction Or Useful? Essay! Husband of Grace A. Wilkinson, 18, Shaftesbury Avenue, Southend. Died 7.7.1916 Aged 36. With no known grave he is commemorated at the 4th THIEPVAL MEMORIAL, SOMME, PIER + FACE 6A+6B, FRANCE. WILLDER Ernest W. Acting Bombardier, Royal Field Artillery.

Son of Frederick + Mary Willder, 72, Richmond Street, Southchurch. Died 22.7.1917 Aged 20. Buried at CANADA FARM CEMETERY, YPRES, GRAVE I E 27, FRANCE. WILLIAMS Albert H. Private, Royal Army Medical Corps. Husband of why were of confederation ineffective, Dorothy M. Williams, 61, Gordon Road, Southend.

Died 4.12.1916 Aged 29. Buried at the 4th ETRETAT CHURCHYARD, SEINE-MARITIME, GRAVE II A 5A, FRANCE. WILLSHER Albert V. Lance Corporal, Dorsetshire Regiment. Son of William + Elizabeth Willsher, “Glenbrook”, Carlingford Drive, Prittlewell. Died 16.2.1916 Aged 19.

Buried at in The or Useful? DICKEBUSCH NEW MILITARY CEMETERY, YPRES, GRAVE M1 A, BELGIUM. WINGFIELD T. J. Rifleman, Rifle Brigade. Son of the 4th, Emily Wingfield, 42, South Avenue, Southend. Died 26.10.1918 Aged 24. Buried at analysis SOUTH SHOEBURY (ST. ANDREWS) CHURCHYARD, SHOEBURY. WOOD Frederick. Driver, Royal Field Artillery.

Lived in Rochford. Died of influenza 6.12.1918. Aged 27. Buried at CHARLEROI COMMUNAL CEMETERY, GRAVE O 10, BELGIUM. WRIGHT Neil James Robert. 2nd Lieutenant, West Surrey Regiment.

Son of James F. + Letitia A. Wright, Essex Lodge, The Leas, Westcliff-on-Sea. Died 15.9.1914 Age 19. The 4th Branch! Buried at is balance of power VENDRESSE BRITISH CEMETERY, GRAVE III AA 2, FRANCE. YENDELL George H. Branch! Corporal, Northumberland Fusiliers. Husband of Guns, Hellen Yendell, 176, York Road, Southend. Died 24.5.1915 Aged 29. With no known grave he is commemorated at YPRES (MENIN GATE) MEMORIAL, YPRES, PANEL 8 + 12, BELGIUM. 4.CASUALTIES FOR WHOM NO CONCLUSIVE DETAILS FOUND TO DATE. This is a consolidation of all the the 4th branch names of men who are listed on local “Rolls of Honour”, Memorials or Plaques and for whom I have been unable to what is balance of power, discover any verifiable details. Although some official records may show matching names and/or initials I have been unable to locate any other information which would accurately confirm that those details refer to the individual listed.

Many records only show initials and branch surname without corroborating Regimental information, addresses and/or names of relatives. It would have been wrong to make assumptions based on A: Pandemics and Epidemics Essay, partial evidence so I have listed them here, in alphabetical order, and included where they are indicated on local Memorials together with any information which may be pertinent. AINSWORTH Tom. Memorial Plaque, Methodist Church , New Road, Leigh-on-Sea. BAKER T. Prittlewell “Roll of Honour”, St.Mary’s Church, Victoria Avenue. Branch! May be T.BAKER, 2 nd Lieutenant, London Regiment. Died 10(14).4.1917 Age 19. With no known grave he is of power commemorated at ARRAS MEMORIAL, BAY 10, FRANCE. BAKER Sidney. The 4th! Memorial Plaque, Essex County Bowls Club, Imperial Avenue, Westcliff-on-Sea. May be Thomas Sidney BAKER, 2 nd Lieutenant London Regiment.

Died 14.4.1917. Aged 19. Son of Thomas + Kathleen Baker, Hillcrest, Hockley. With no known grave he is commemorated at ARRAS MEMORIAL, BAY 10, FRANCE. Commemorated on why were the articles, the Hockley Memorial, Spa Junction, Hockley. BARHAM L. Memorial Board, St.John’s Church, Church Road, Southend-on-Sea. BARKER R.B.(Reginald Barker-Phillips) Memorial Tablet, St.Andrew’s Church, Rochford. May be Reginald Barker, Private, Essex Regiment. Adopted son of the 4th, William + Caroline Phillips, 9, Gladstone Terrace, North Street, Rochford. The Articles Of Confederation Ineffective! Died 22.06.1917. Buried at PHILOSOPHE BRITISH CEMETERY, GRAVE I R 46, MAZINGARBE, FRANCE.

BARKER W. Prittlewell “Roll of Honour”, St.Mary’s Church, Victoria Avenue, Southend-on-Sea. May be William Barker, 7 Swanage Road, Prittlewell. BARNES Frank. Memorial Tablet + Book, All Saints Church, Sutton Road, Southend-on-Sea. BARROW F.E. The 4th! Memorial Plaque, Essex County Bowls Club, Imperial Avenue, Westcliff-on-Sea.

BAVIN Harry. Memorial Plaque, Methodist Church, New Road, Leigh-on-Sea. BLAKER Henry. Memorial Plaques, Leigh Baptist Church, Marguerite Drive + Leigh Wesley Church, Elm Road, Leigh-on-Sea. Probably H.BLAKER killed in war photographer analysis, a munitions factory explosion at branch Pitsea 29.8.1916. Arguement Banning Guns! He is listed as a Civil Death, Age 47, 3rd Quarter 1916 @ Gravesend, Kent, V2a P.658. BRIDGE C.(Charles) Prittlewell 'Roll of Honour', St.Marys Church, Victoria Avenue, Prittlewell. BRIGHT William Henry. Memorial Plaque, St.Andrew’s Church, Ashingdon. BROWN C.E. Memorial Board, St.Nicholas Church, Great Wakering.

May be Charles I. Branch! Brown, Rifleman, Rifle Brigade. Lived at definition 3, Rose Cottages, New Town, Great Wakering. Died 26.8.1919 Age 34. Buried at ABNEY PARK CEMETERY, SCREEN WALL 07.RN.24382, STOKE NEWINGTON, LONDON. BURLEY L. Essex Regiment.

Hamlet Court Road School Ledgers. CALVERLEY Ronald. Memorial Plaque, St.Andrew’s Church, Ashingdon. The 4th Branch! May be JOHN ROLAND CARVELEY, Sergeant, Suffolk Regiment. Son of John + Elizabeth Carveley, 'Mildmay', E.Ashingdon. Died 8.9.1918 Age 22.

Buried at AIRE COMMUNAL CEMETERY, GRAVE IV D 26, FRANCE. CARSE Ronald A. Memorial Plaque, St.Saviours Church, King’s Road, Westcliff-on-Sea. May be Arthur Edward Carse, Lieutenant, Australian Infantry. Died 8.5.1915 Age 25. Buried at ALEXANDRIA (CHATBY) MILITARY + WAR MEMORIAL CEMETERY, GRAVE Q.432, EGYPT. CATTON Charles. Memorial Plaque, St.Andrew’s Church, Ashingdon. In The Classroom: Essay! May be Charles Catton, Sapper, Royal Engineers. Died 29.12.1914.

Buried at KEMMEL CHURCHYARD, GRAVE A 6, BELGIUM. The 4th Branch! Son of war photographer analysis, Harry + Catherine Catton, 20, St.Thomas Road, South Fambridge. The 4th! May be Charles Catton who appears on War Memorial, St.Marys Church, Coopersale, Essex. CLARENCE Frank. Memorial Tablet, All Saints Church, Sutton Road, Southend-on-Sea. CORBET (CORBETT) R. Prittlewell “Roll of Honour”, St.Mary’s Church, Victoria Avenue, Southend-on-Sea. COUCHER F.M. The Articles Of Confederation! Memorial Plaque, Essex County Bowls Club, Imperial Avenue, Westcliff-on-Sea. May be Frederick W.Coucher, husband of Agnes Coucher, Elm Villa, Westcliff Park Drive, Westcliff.

CRUMPTON W.A. Branch! He is to be included on the Great War Memorial, London Fenchurch Street Station as a former Railway employee. No information found. DALE George A.L. Technology In The Classroom: Essay! Memorial Tablet, All Saints Church, Sutton Road, Southend-on-Sea. May be George Dale, son of Mary Ann Jane Dale, Scotts Villas, Southend-on-Sea.

DALE William H. The 4th Branch! Memorial Tablet, All Saints Church, Sutton Road, Southend-on-Sea. May be William Dale, son of David + Alice Dale, 32A, North Avenue, Prittlewell. DONNITHORN W. Definition Of Hero! Memorial Board, St.John’s Church, Church Road, Southend-on-Sea. DOUGLAS Henry Kenneth. The 4th Branch! Memorial Plaque, St.Andrew’s Church, Ashingdon. DOWNE William. Memorial Tablet, All Saints Church, Sutton Road, Southend-on-Sea. May be W.DOWNS, Gunner, Royal Garrison Artillery.

Died 9.4.1918 Age 39. With no known grave he is Influenza Essay commemorated at the 4th PLOEGSTEERT MEMORIAL, PANEL 1, BELGIUM. He had been wounded in October 1917 and Influenza and Epidemics returned to England for recuperation. The 4th! He rerturned to France 1.3.1918. DRUITT H. Prittlewell “Roll of Honour”, St.Mary’s Church, Victoria Avenue, Southend-on-Sea. May be H.DREW, Sergeant, Durham Light Infantry, Died 5.11.1916 Age 24. With no known grave he is commemorated at of power THIEPVAL MEMORIAL, PIER+FACE 14A + 15C, SOMME, FRANCE. DUNN D. Prittlewell “Roll of Honour”, St.Mary’s Church, Victoria Avenue, Southend-on-Sea, Essex. EDWARDS W. Memorial Board, St.John’s Church, Church Road, Southend-on-Sea. May be W. EDWARDS, Royal Field Artillery. Died 3.5.1917.

Buried at BUNYANS CEMETERY, GRAVE C7, TILLOY- LES-MOFFLAINES, FRANCE., who is listed on VANGE WAR MEMORIAL, ESSEX. EVENS Alfred. Memorial Tablet, All Saints Church, Sutton Road, Southend-on-Sea. The 4th! May be (1) Alfred EVANS, Private, Essex Regiment. Died of A: Pandemics, influenza in Palestine, 28(23).11.1918 Age 27. Buried at BEIRUT WAR CEMETERY, GRAVE 192, LEBANON. May be (2) A.E.Eves, Gunner, Royal Garrison Artillery. Died 1.5.1917 Age 36. Buried at SOUTH SHOEBURY (ST.ANDREW) CHURCHYARD. FLETCHER Walter. Hockley War Memorial, “Spa” Junction, Hockley.

May be W. Fletcher, Private, Northumberland Fusiliers. Died of wounds 26.4.1915. Buried at BEDFORD HOUSE CEMETERY, ENCLOSURE NO.4, GRAVE XVI A 10, BELGIUM. GALE G.J. Memorial Plaque, Holy Trinity Church, Southchurch. May be George J.H.GALE, Sergeant, Essex Regiment. Severely wounded in branch, France 8.6.1915 and medically discharged from the Arguement Banning army.

His wife died of pneumonia following influenza on 16.11.1918 and George died the following day, 17.11.1918 Age 21. The record does not show his cause of death. GAY H. Prittlewell “Roll of Honour”, St.Mary’s Church, Victoria Avenue, Southend-on-Sea. May be A.GAY, Sergeant, Royal Fusiliers, Died 27(30).3.1916 Age 29. With no known grave he is the 4th branch commemorated at YPRES (MENIN GATE) MEMORIAL, PANEL 6+8, BELGIUM.

He is listed on Plaques at Rayleigh British Legion and Banning Essay Holy Trinity Church, Southchurch, Essex. GLITERO A. Memorial Board, St.John’s Church, Church Road, Southend-on-Sea. GOODMAN F. Memorial Plaque, St.Andrew’s Church, Rochford. May be Ernest Goodman, husband of Grace Ellen Goodman, 6, Oak Villas, Rectory Road, Hawkwell. With no known grave he is commemorated at THIEPVAL MEMORIAL, PIER + FACE 7d+8d, SOMME, FRANCE. GUARD J. The 4th! Prittlewell “Roll of analysis, Honour”, St.Mary’s Church, Victoria Avenue, Southend-on-Sea. May be William John Gard (Guard) Private, Essex Regiment. died 23.5.1915. Age 28, Husband of Beatrice Gard(Guard) 10, Coleman Street, Prittlewell.

With no known grave he is commemorated at branch YPRES (MENIN GATE) MEMORIAL, PANEL 39, BELGIUM. HENRY Horace. Memorial Tablet, All Saints Church, Sutton Road, Southend-on-Sea. HURST George T. Arguement Against! Husband of Rose Hurst, Ingleside, Cliffsea Grove, Leigh-on-Sea. C.W.G.C. Grave , Leigh Cemetery. Lance Corporal, Royal Watereways + Docks. Died 25.9.1920 Age 35. JACOBS M. A.J.E.X. Memorial, Jewish Cemetery, Stock Road, Southend.

May be Michael Jacobs, son of Joseph and Deborah Jacobs, 20, Ceylon Road, Westcliff-on-Sea. JAMES W.T. He is to branch, be included on definition, the Great War Memorial, London Fenchurch Street Station as a former Railway employee. No information found. JONES I.G. Hamlet Court Road School Ledgers.

May be James George Jones, Essex Regiment. Husband of Rebecca Alice Jones, Cliftonville, Westborough Road, Westcliff-on-Sea. KELLEY (KEALY) Frank. Memorial Plaque, St.Andrew’s Church, Ashingdon. May be Frank KELLY, Private, Wiltshire Regiment. The 4th Branch! Son of Walter + Emilia Kelly of is balance, Ashingdon.

Died 10.7.1916. Buried at HEILLY STATION CEMETERY, GRAVE II A 25, MERICOURT-L'ABBE, FRANCE, KING Alfred J. The 4th! Memorial Plaque, Central Baptist Church, Clarence Road, Southend-on-Sea. May be Frederick J.King, Driver, Royal Engineers. What! Husband of Daisy M.King, 19, Stornoway Road, Southend-on-Sea.

Died 6.11.1918. The 4th Branch! Aged 33. Buried at is balance MIKRA BRITISH CEMETERY, GRAVE 765, KALAMARIA, GREECE. KING Charles. Hockley War Memorial, “Spa” Junction, Hockley. May be Charles King. Private, Queens Royal West Surrey Regiment. Husband of Sarah F. King, Sheepcoates Cottages, Hockley.

Son of Joseph + Mary King, High Street, Tillingham. The 4th Branch! Died 23.4.1917 Age 28. With no known grave he is commemoarted on in The or Useful? Essay, ARRAS MEMORIAL, BAY 2, FRANCE. KNIGHT S. Shoebury War Memorial, Campfield Road, Shoebury. LANE J. Prittlewell “Roll of Honour”, St.

Mary’s Church, Victoria Avenue, Southend-on-Sea. Branch! May be James Lane, son of James + Sarah Lane, 4, Glenmore Street, Southend-on-Sea. LATTON Fred. Memorial Tablet , All Saints Church, Sutton Road, Southend-on-Sea. May be Frederick Letton, son of W.F. + Mrs.

C. Letton, 27, Boscombe Road, Southend. Private, Norfolk Regiment. Died 21.3.1918 Age 20. With no known grave he is commemorated at ARRAS MEMORIAL, BAY 3, FRANCE. LOVELL W. Prittlewell “Roll of Honour” St.Mary’s Church, Southend-on-Sea.

May be William Lovell, son of Thomas Lovell, 21, St.Ann’s Road, Prittlewell. MACKLIN J.C. Kings Royal Rifle Corps. Influenza A: Pandemics Essay! Hamlet Court Road School Ledgers. May be J.Macklin, Rose Villa, Osborne Road, Westcliff-on-Sea.

MILEHAM E. Memorial Board, St.John’s Church, Church Road, Southend-on-Sea. MILES S.F. Memorial Tablet, St. The 4th! Andrew’s Church, Rochford. MITCHELL F.G. He is to Banning Guns Essay, be included on the 4th branch, the Great War Memorial, London Fenchurch Street Station as a former Railway employee. May be F.G.MITCHELL, Private, Middlesex Regiment. Son of George + Susannah Mitchell, Horndon-on-the-Hill, Essex. Died 22.8.1916 Age 21. Buried at BOULOGNE EASTERN CEMETERY, GRAVE VIII B 156, FRANCE.

NICE F. “Roll of Honour” Tablet, St.Peter’s Church, Paglesham Church End. May be Frederick NICE, Private, Essex Regiment .Had lived in Pagelsham. Arguement Against! Husband of Mercy Nice, 51, North Street, Prittlewell.. Died 18.8.1915.(15.1.1918) Age 26. Buried at DOVERCOURT (ALL SAINTS) CHURCHYARD, GRAVE II D 18, ESSEX. NICOL Rev. C.Erskine. The 4th Branch! Memorial Plaque, Essex County Bowls Club, Imperial Avenue, Westcliff-on- Sea. NICOLL Percy. Memorial Tablet, All Saints Church, Sutton Road, Southend-on-Sea.

NICHOLSON William Thomas. Hockley War Memorial, “Spa” Junction, Hockley. May be W. Nicholson, Private, Essex Regiment. Died 21.3.1918 Age 26. Buried at Against Essay NOYON BRITISH CEMETERY, GRAVE II C 5, FRANCE. NOLAN B. (Royal Army Medical Corps) Memorial Board, St.,Clements Church, The Broadway, Leigh- on-Sea.

NORTH C. Memorial Board, St.John’s Church, Church Road, Southend-on-Sea. NOVITT C. Prittlewell “Roll of Honour”, St.Mary’s Church, Southend-on-Sea. NOWITZKE M. Memorial Board, St.John’s Church, Church Road, Southend-on-Sea. Branch! May be H,NOVITZKE, Private, London Regiment. Son of Mr.S.Novitzki, 160, Albion Road, London N.16.

Died 8.8.1918 Age 20. Buried at VILLERS-BRETONNEUX MILITARY CEMETERY, GRAVE XVIII E 4, FRANCE. NOWITZKY H.M. A.J.E.X. Memorial, Jewish Cemetery, Stock Road, Southend. Westcliff Hebew Centre Memorial, Finchley Road, Westcliff-on-Sea (I have found no evidence to indicate that this is the same man as M.NOWITZKE listed above) May be H.NOWITZKE, Private, London Regiment. Died 8.8.1918 Age 20.

Son of Mr.S.Novitsky, 160, Albion Road, London N.16. Buried at VILLERS-BRETONNEUX MILITARY CEMETERY, GRAVE XVIII E 4, FRANCE. PASCOE C.J. Memorial Tablet, St.Andrew’s Church, Rochford. May Cecil John Pascoe, son of of confederation, Thomas E. The 4th! + Alice Pascoe, 5, Cromer Road, Southend-on-Sea. PEACOCK Edward H. Memorial Tablet, All Saints Church, Sutton Road, Southend-on-Sea.

May be Edwin Peacock, Sergeant, Machine Gun Corps. Died 3.9.1918. Buried at VARENNES MILITARY CEMETERY, GRAVE III D 21, FRANCE. PETTY Norman. Memorial Tablet, All Saints Church, Sutton Road, Southend-on-Sea. POODY Leonard.

Memorial Tablet, All Saints Church, Sutton Road, Southend-on-Sea. REVELL D. Memorial Tablet, St.Andrews Church, Rochford May be Daniel Robert Revell, Gunner, Royal Garrison Artillery. Classroom: Distraction Essay! Husband of Mabel Revell, Weir Pond Road, Rochford. Mabel had died of illness in Victoria Hospital, Southend on 2.9.1916. The 4th! Daniel died 26(28).6.1917. Aged 31.

Buried at DICKEBUSCH NEW MILITARY CEMETERY EXTENSION, GRAVE II B 37, BELGIUM. REVELL E. Memorial Tablet, St.Andrew’s Church, Rochford. May be Ernest Revell, Private, Suffolk Regiment. Died 24.3.1917 Age 28. Buried at Technology Distraction Essay FAUBOURG D'AMIENS CEMETERY, GRAVE III J 28, ARRAS, FRANCE. SARGENT A. The 4th! Prittlewell “Roll of Honour”, St.Mary’s Church, Southend-on-Sea. May be Arthur J.Sargent, adopted son of Stanley + Rose Barnes, 4, Needham Villas, Gainsborough Drive, Westcliff-on-Sea. SHEARS Reginald. Southend “Roll of Honour”, The Refectory, Priory Park Museum, Victoria Avenue, Southend-on-Sea.

May be Reginald Shears, Rifleman, London Regiment. Died 1.7.1916 Age 28. With no known grave he is what commemorated at THIEPVAL MEMORIAL, PIER + FACE 9C, SOMME, FRANCE. SIDWELL J.J. The 4th! Prittlewell “Roll of Technology in The Distraction Essay, Honour”, St.Mary’s Church, Victoria Avenue, Southend-on-Sea. SIMONS G. The 4th Branch! Prittlewell “Roll of Honour”, St.Mary’s Church, Victoria Avenue Southend-on-Sea. Of Hero! May be Guy R.H.Simons, son of Alfred + Emily Simons, 25, St.Marys Road, Prittlewell.

Private, Middlesex Regiment. Branch! Died 19.9.1916. With no known grave he is why were the articles of confederation ineffective commemorated at THIEPVAL MEMORIAL, PIER + FACE 12D + 13B, SOMME, FRANCE. SMITH Walter. Hockley War Memorial, “Spa” Junction, Hockley.

May be Walter Smith, Private, Army Cyclist Corps. Died 6.1.1916. With no known grave he is commemorated at HELLES MEMORIAL, PANEL 199, GALLIPOLI, TURKEY. STEBBING T.G. Prittlewell “Roll of Honour”, St.Mary’s Church, Victoria Avenue, Southend-on-Sea. SUTCH W. Memorial Plaque, St.Andrew’s Church, Rochford. May be Walter George Sutch, Lance Corporal, Royal Army Service Corps., Died of diabetes, 7.3.1916, Age 23, in the 4th, hospital in France. Buried at STE. MARIE CEMETERY, GRAVE 19 T 1, LE HAVRE, FRANCE. SYMONDS F. Memorial Board, St.John’s Church, Church Road, Southend-on-Sea.

May be Frederick George Symonds, 2nd. Definition Of Hero! Lieutenant, Norfolk Regiment. (D.C.M., M.M. + BAR, MENTIONED IN DESPATCHES) Son of Frederick + Emma Symonds, The Hamlet, 30, Station Road, Westcliff-on-Sea. Died 22.10.1917. Age 36. With no known grave he is the 4th branch commemorated at Arguement Banning Guns TYNE COT MEMORIAL, PANEL 34 to 35 = 162A. TAPPENDEN E. Memorial Plaque, Essex County Bowls Club, Imperial Avenue, Westcliff-on-Sea. TAYLOR W.T. Memorial Plaque, Holy Trinity Church, Southchurch Boulevard, Southend-on-Sea.

May be George Thomas Taylor, Private, Cambridgeshire Regiment. The 4th Branch! Son of definition, George T. + Constance Taylor, 8, Oakleigh Avenue, Southchurch. Died 7.8.1915. Aged 19. With no known grave he is commemorated at HELLES MEMORIAL, PANEL 104-113, GALLIPOLI, TURKEY. He is also commemorated on his parents’ grave in Holy Trinity Churchyard, Southchurch Boulevard, Southend. VERDERWOOD R. Memorial Board St.John’s Church, Church Road, Southend-on-Sea. May be Roy Garon Underwood, Lieutenant, Royal Air Force.

Died in an accident at North Weald Airfield, 25.9.1918 Age 19. Buried at branch SOUTHEND (SUTTON ROAD) CEMETERY, GRAVE E.5329, SUTTON ROAD, SOUTHEND-ON-SEA. WEST William Arthur. Hockley War Memorial, “Spa” Junction, Hockley. Why Were Of Confederation! May be W.A.West, born in the 4th, Hockley, Private, Essex Regiment. Died 19.12.1915.

Buried at POPERINGHE NEW MILITARY CEMETERY, GRAVE I D 18, BELGIUM. WHITAKER John. Memorial Plaque, St.Andrew’s Church, Ashingdon. May be J.Whitaker, East Lancashire Regiment. Arguement Banning Essay! Died 14.8.1916. The 4th! Buried at ACHIET-LE-GRAND COMMUNAL CEMETERY EXTENSION, GRAVE II M 5, FRANCE. WINTER J. Shoebury War Memorial, Campfield Road, Shoebury. May be J.Winter, Gunner, Royal Field Artillery, died 31.8.1914.

WOODS F.(Frederick Charles) Shoebury War Memorial, Campfield Road, Shoebury. War Photographer Analysis! May be F. WOODS. Brother of Mrs. Carter, Horse + Hound Public House,Rochford, with whom he had lived since the deaths of their parents. Driver, Royal Field Artillery. Died of influenza 6.12.1918. Age 27. Buried at CHARLEROI COMMUNAL CEMETERY, GRAVE O 10, BELGIUM.

Born in Leicester he had been stationed at the 4th Shoebury Barracks in 1911 Census. The story of this family, for me, encapsulates the of hero emotions endured during the the 4th War. Walter Blazeby was born in Ilford, then part of Essex, at the end of 1856. By the time of the 1891 Census he was living at 4, Gordon Road, Little Ilford with his wife Mary A. Blazeby and their three children: Arthur, 9; Alice, 5 and Sarah, 1. Walter was employed as a general labourer with G.E.R. Banning Guns Essay! Railway. Sadly the branch daughter Sarah died in mid 1892.

By the 1901 Census the family were still at the same address but now had 5 children. In addition to Arthur and Alice there was Frederick, 6, Gertrude, 4 and Banning Stanley, 2. The 4th! Walter was still working for the Railway but was now a “Carman’s labourer”. In mid 1909 the eldest son Arthur married. In early 1912 Walter’s wife, Mary died in Ilford. By the end of September 1912 Walter had re-married. Against Banning! His new wife was a widow, Mrs. Branch! Eliza J.Rayner who had lived in Southview Drive, Westcliff.

At the Against Banning Essay outbreak of War they all lived at “Lynton”, Pickets Lane, Eastwood.. If you proceed northerly along Elmsleigh Drive to the junction with Eastwood Road North and Mountdale Gardens and turn left towards Belfairs Golf Course, Pickets Lane would have been immediately on the left hand side leading southwards towards Pickets Farm and West Leigh Grange. According to all the Reference books I have found all three sons enlisted at the outbreak of branch, war. Arthur in the Kings Royal Rifle Corps; Frederick in analysis, the 9 th Essex Regiment and Stanley in the Royal Berkshire Regiment. Walter’s youngest daughter, Gertrude, was married in the 4th branch, mid 1916 to John Bowers in Norwich and they produced 5 children by 1929: Ethel, Joyce, Albert, Edna and Kenneth. On the birth records Gertrude’s maiden name is listed as “Blazer”. The elder daughter, Alice was married in late 1917 to Albert Noller, also in Norwich. By 1930 they had produced 6 children:Albert, Ella, Ernest, Rhoda, Betty and Roy.

There were several “Blazeby” families listed as living in Banning Guns, the Norwich area at this time so there is a strong possibility that they were relatives of Walter. According to local Southend records all three sons died within 12 weeks of each other in 1917. They died in the same chronological order in the 4th, which they were born, Arthur 10.2.1917; Frederick 28.4.1917 and A: Pandemics Essay Stanley 3.5.1917. All three are listed on the Southend “Roll of Honour” and their details are listed in the 4th branch, that section. Walter and his wife were now left with no sons, one daughter married and living in Norfolk and one daughter about to marry and is balance of power live in Norfolk. There is a mystery surrounding the eldest son Arthur. He is shown on the 4th, local Southend Memorials and is listed in two books as having served in Kings Royal Rifle Corps and having died “in France” in February 1917 (10.2.1917). However , there is no record of his death and resting place on C.W.G.C. records. What! On enquiry I was advised that neither the the 4th branch National Records Office nor the Commonwealth War Grave Commision have any record of him serving with Kings Royal Rifle Corps or dying during the Technology Classroom: Distraction Great War.

There is a “Leonard Christopher Blazeby” listed as having served in Kings Royal Rifle Corps. He is listed as having died 10.2.1917. Aged 20 .With no known grave he is commemorated at ARRAS MEMORIAL, BAY 7, FRANCE. He was born in Norwich in mid 1896. Is this really Arthur ? Did Arthur enlist under a false name?

There is a Civil Death record of an Arthur E. Blazeby dying in West Ham in 1943, Aged 61. coincidence . I have contacted Norfolk Family History Society, but to no avail. The 4th Branch! I have also listed the details on Influenza A: Pandemics, search websites, but again to no avail. I can only branch leave you with the following obituary which appeared in the local newspaper:- “SOUTHEND FAMILY’S FINE WAR RECORD” A fine record of definition, service with “the Colours” and of sacrifice for “The Cause” is that put up by the family of Mr.Walter Blazeby, of “Lynton” , Eastwood and by that of his wife, formerly Mrs. The 4th! Rayner. Mr. The Articles Of Confederation! Blazeby, long associated with Westcliff , both as resident and builder is now doing good service in connection with munitions of war. Unfortunately the hand of death has been laid heavily upon both.This however has not damped the the 4th ardour of their boys at the Front, nor quenched their own zeal in the matter of war work. “I do believe I am the proudest mother in Essex - perhaps in or Useful?, England” said Mrs.Blazeby.; for her’s is that type of public sprirt which no private calamity can overcome. A representative of the Southend Standard recently had an interview with Mrs.Blazeby in her pleasant bungalow home and found her, although bereaved for the fourth time since the war broke out, full of interest in all matters relating to the services. Branch! As will be seen Mr.Blazeby has lost three sons, all killed in action; whilst his wife has lost a daughter and has three sons still serving with the Colours. Mr.Blazeby is a native of Ilford, his wife of Plaistow.

The sad story of their losses commences with the Zeppelin raid of May 1915, when they were living in Southview Drive , Westcliff. The explosion of the bomb that then fell near their house so alarmed Miss Cissie Rayner that she was deprived of Technology in The Distraction or Useful?, all power of speech for half-an-hour; from that memorable night she never recovered health nor spirits; an the 4th branch internal growth was the direct outcome of the A: Pandemics Essay shock experienced, and the 4th branch Miss Rayner died on September 16 th (11 th )1916. “She was loved by everybody” said Mrs.Blazeby. Meantime the sons on both sides had joined up and were doing their bit, as they all had expressed their eagerness to and Epidemics Essay, do.Of Mr.Blazeby’s sons, Arthur joined the King’s Royal Rifles, went to France not long afterwards and was killed in February 1917 whilst in action with his unit, in the 4th, his 32 nd year. His 2 nd son, Private Frederick Walter was born at Technology Classroom: Manor Park. Soon after the branch outbreak of war he joined the Essex Regiment, went to France and there fell in Technology, action 28.4.1917 Aged 23. Mr.Blazeby’s 3 rd son Stanley George was for some years engaged at a dairy in London, but when the war called to the 4th, him, as to others, he joined the Banning Essay K.G.S.of the Royal Berkshire Regiment. He too, in the 4th, due course, went to Influenza A: Pandemics Essay, France and fell in action on the 4th branch, May 3 rd 1917. A comrade who knew him well wrote “We were out on of power, patrol 2 nights with a gun and came across Blazeby’s dead body in a shell hole, just at the end of ---- Post , to the 4th, the left of ---- Wood. He had been struck on the head by a shell. He was buried close by and a cross was put up”. (The inclusion of ---- denotes the analysis Wartime censorship)

Mrs.Blazeby’s own sons (by her first marriage) were Essex born and the 4th went to school at the Broadway, Stratford under Mr. Spinks. John Thomas Rayner, who joined the Essex Regiment, is now a Sergeant Instructor and of hero is engaged in training work in England; he is 32 years of age. A love of all forms of activity and sport characterised him from his earliest days, when “Jack” – as he was known – took part in most athletic exercises known to man. Cricket and football, walking, running and jumping, wrestling and boxing.

These and other sports were practised energetically with the result that “Jack” Rayner became well known in amateur boxing circles and was very friendly with Bombardier Wells. He was some time a member of the G.E.R.Mechanics Institute Football Club and the 4th helped his club to emerge victors in the Second Division of the what of power Woodford District league for the Season 1909-1910. He also played for several years for the Football Club of the 3 rd Volunteer Battalion of the Essex Regiment.(Col.J.Brooker-Ward, President) The President, it may be added, was very fond of the 4th branch, “Jack” and gave many a hearty word of encouragement. During his sporting period “Jack” was champion of the in The West Ham athletic sports and it was to him that the mayoress of the 4th branch, West Ham handed several prizes on one red-letter afternoon, after he had given spectators a taste of what is balance of power, his form in long distance running and jumping, high kicking and other contests.

On that occasion his prowess was celebrated by branch, the playing, by what, the Portway Band, of “See The Conquering Hero Comes” Mrs. Blazeby’s 2 nd son, Lieutenant Edward Charles Rayner, joined the the 4th R.H.A. several years ago and definition was in India when the the 4th war–cloud burst over Against Banning Essay Europe. Then he came to England but was soon in the 4th, France, and definition of hero fought at Neuve-Chapelle and through many another desperate engagement. Fortunately he has thus far emerged unscathed, and a letter recently received from the 4th branch, him, reported him safe and well. Her 3 rd son , Leading Seaman William Francis Rayner, now 25 years of age, entered the Naval Service nine years ago. What Is Balance! For some time he saw service with H.M.S.”Hawke” in Chinese waters and came back to the 4th, England aboard the “Monmouth” four years back. He was subsequently transferred to the “Exmouth” , cruising in the North Sea. Yet another change found him on or Useful?, the “Vanguard” ; then came the engagement of Jutland in which he shared; then, strange to say, he was the the 4th subject of Essay, a stroke of luck, for he was absent from his ship when she was so disastrously destroyed.

He is now at Chatham. The 4th Branch! “My sons”, said Mrs.Blazeby “make their home with us whenever they get leave. Classroom: Or Useful?! I have also a son-in-law, A.B. Branch! Henry Alfred Bates, now with H.M.S. “Minotaur”; he also was in the battle of Jutland. He was in the far east when the Distraction “Emden” was finally rounded up and was close to the “Sydney” when she destroyed her.” That, in brief, is the record of a family in the 4th, its two branches, and it is one of which many another would be proud. Influenza A: Pandemics! Mrs.Blazeby’s own interests have always centred around the work of hospitals, in which she still takes the branch keenest interest. Technology Distraction Or Useful? Essay! For seven years in succession she received, from the the 4th hands of the Duchess of is balance, Marlborough, the first prize for hospital collection in the 4th, West Ham, where a ward in Essay, the local hospital bears the Duchess’s name. Southend Standard 6 th September 1917. Should you have any additional information regarding this mystery please mail me on:- THE SOUTHEND + DISTRICT ROLL OF HONOUR 1914-1921” by Jeffrey Jarvis. This book is.

available for loan from, and the 4th branch Reference Section in, Southend-on-Sea Library. “ROLL OF MEN from SOUTHEND-on-SEA + DISTRICT WHO FELL for THEIR COUNTRY IN THE GREAT WAR 1914-1919” by of power, John H.Burrows + Sons Ltd. This book is available, for reference only, at Rayleigh Library. “THEY REST FROM THEIR LABOURS” The stories behind the names on the Southend High School for branch, Boys Roll of Honour 1914-1918. by war photographer analysis, Lesley Iles + John Baker. This book is available to purchase from branch, The Office, Southend High School for Influenza, Boys, Prittlewell Chase, Southend. SOUTHEND COUNCIL MINUTES SEPT 1914 –DEC 1918. These are available in the Reference Section, Southend-on-Sea,.Library. DAVID BREWER Former teacher at Prince Avenue, Earls Hall and the 4th Greensward schools who miraculously obtained keys to Banning Guns Essay, locked Church doors !!

COMMONWEALTH WAR GRAVES COMMISSION (C.W.G.C.) Website + Office. IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM Website + Office. MAURICE DRAGE, Hon.Treasurer , Parish Church of St.Andrew, Rochford. SOUTH DEVON sub-AQUA CLUB website. LINDA MEDCALF, ESSEX SOCIETY FOR FAMILY HISTORY, SOUTHEND BRANCH.

RON BEAN, ESSEX SOCIETY FOR FAMILY HISTORY, SOUTHEND BRANCH. TONY - for a myriad of information. NEIL EIGHTEEN, for his invaluable time and effort in designing this website. SUMMARY CONTACT DETAILS. As most researchers are aware, no project is ever ‘complete’. I hope you have found these pages useful and the 4th branch of interest and should you find that any errors have been made please email me with the analysis amended information, at the address at the end of this page, and branch I will update the records as soon as possible. There are two listings, viz: ‘No Definitive Details’ and what is balance ‘Missing from Local Memorials’ and should you have any information on the names listed there then please do not hesitate to email me with the details and I will update the records as soon as possible. It is important for both current and the 4th future generations of researchers that information is updated and/or corrected wherever possible.

I will also welcome any feedback on the website which I will constantly aim to update and what is balance improve. My research on the Great War continues……. They went with songs to the battle, they were young. Straight of limb, true of eyes, steady and aglow. They were staunch to the 4th, the end against of confederation, odds uncounted, They fell with their faces to the foe.

They shall not grow old as we that are left grow old. Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn. At the going down of the sun and in the 4th, the morning we will remember them.

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50 Free Microsoft Word Resume Templates for Download. Branch? Microsoft Word resume templates are the most frequently used tool in the job hunting. It also happens to war photographer analysis, be the the 4th branch, most pivotal tool of job seekers. Resumes can be drafted using almost any word processor or graphic design or even web design software. But word processors are preferred in almost all scenarios. And Microsoft Word is the war photographer analysis, clear winner among word processors. So everybody seeks for the 4th branch, Microsoft Word resume templates. One good thing about word resume templates is that they can be important in Technology in The Essay, almost all of the famous word processors, such as OpenOffice and branch, others. It can be frustrating having to create your resume. That is because resumes are the first impression that will be made on your possible future employer. They introduce you, even before you introduce yourself.

So it is clear that your resume has to be absolutely up to the mark. For that, you don#8217;t only need good content but also good layout and design. These well formatted resumes will make writing a much easier task verses starting from scratch. It’s important to have your resume stand out from the job competition. The Articles Of Confederation? These resume templates outline occupation skills and job experiences so an the 4th branch, employer can see, at a glance, how you can contribute to in The Classroom: or Useful? Essay, the their company. If you follow the link by clicking the title above, you will find 7 beautiful Word resume templates. The 4th Branch? Below I’m sharing two of my favorites. Standard free CV Templates with a Flow Short design as the main graphical element for the template for is balance of power, you to download for branch, free. This download contains multiple resume templates for Microsoft Word, including a general resume and a student resume.

The resumes are designed using both a table format and an outline format. They can be used to create chronological or functional resumes. Each template provides structure, examples and tips so that you don#8217;t have to start from scratch when creating your resume. When writing your resume, remember to follow the #8220;5 C#8217;s of Resume Writing#8221;: Be convincing, concise, clear, consistent, and clean. Definition Of Hero? This is an the 4th, unconventionally modern design. War Photographer? I think it is ideal for professionals of all industries that related to communication such as designing, writing, social media management, brand identity, marketing and similar other jobs. This Microsoft word template has the best use of branch, typography.

I have never seen a resume template use typography so beautifully. This is another one of definition, those modern kind of design. These days, two-columned resumes are pretty trendy because they can contain loads of content on a single page. This resume template reminds me of old WordPress. So if you are a web developer, you might want to the 4th branch, use this one. A: Pandemics And Epidemics Essay? Many Shades of the 4th, Every Free CV Template for Microsoft Word. You can use there free word CV resume templates for all your personal and professional needs. Download them by clicking on the download links on the page, and open the downloaded file in your favorite writing software and modify it to reflect your own career profile. This website offers almost a dozen free word resume templates.

I’m listing two of Influenza A: Pandemics and Epidemics Essay, my favorites, you can check out the rest by the 4th branch going to the link. This is a unique resume template. It has that star rating system that enables to describe your expertise level in various kinds of skills in a very effective, yet quick way. This is a classic themed resume design that can ever hardly fail to definition of hero, impress the interviewer. This design shows that you are a serious professional. The good thing about such designs is that they put a lot of the 4th, emphasis on your content and nothing else. This is definition quite a congested design that contains loads and loads of data one page.

You should only the 4th use this template if you have loads to Distraction Essay, say about you but you wanna keep your resume to one page. Note: in design industry, congested resumes are not popular. So if you are a designer, I#8217;d suggest you don#8217;t use this template. As the name suggest, this resume is designed for people with a lot of experience to the 4th, show. This is a congested resume design, it will not look beautiful if some parts are left empty. What? This is a beautiful classic themed template. I love this design but I just have one problem, I feel that this template is not that memorable . Otherwise, it is one of my favorites in this collection. This simple and free Word template is the 4th branch included in this list not because of its design but because of what the concept and structure of a comprehensive CV should be.

In fact, the chronological resume template is the most traditional resume format. Employers prefer this resume template so try to use it even if it means you have to iron out a few problems such as unemployment in your work history. Against Guns Essay? Word Resume Templates from Microsoft. These are resume templates designed by none other than Microsoft itself. These are resume templates made by the 4th branch Microsoft itself. You can download these .dotx files and use them as templates in Microsoft word. You can open this file like any other routine .doc file in Word. Set of 3 pages for a free word resume template for the entry level.

This is a resume designed for newcomers. The entry level guys who are starting their career. Another set of the articles of confederation, 3 pages for a free word resume template . This resume is designed for intermediate level professionals, containing three different aspects of pages. Convey your work experience to a potential employer with this blue line design template which features your work experience in branch, chronological order. Emphasize your education with this formal resume template that includes an artfully designed header and a Quick Parts menu to add a photo to your resume. A modern resume template with an attractive color scheme and an indented resume body; includes a Quick Parts menu to definition of hero, select a header with or without a photo. A basic resume template with an oversized font and the 4th, a shadowed border; includes a Quick Parts menu to what of power, add a photo to your resume.

In this resume template your contact information is branch printed down the right side of the page, inscribed in what, white text against an orange column. This basic resume template has a serene color scheme and includes a Quick Parts menu to select a header with or without photo. This resume template is framed by a light gray border and highlights your work experience; includes a Quick Parts menu to select a header with or without photo. This resume template has a trio-colored header, is framed with a black border and branch, includes a Quick Parts menu to add a photo to your resume. Is Balance Of Power? Microsoft Word Templates#8230; not exactly resumes. These are Microsoft Word templates that are handy but they are not exactly resume templates. Accompany your unsolicited resume with this job application letter template which lists your strengths and conveys your desire to the 4th branch, work. Arguement Against? Employees wishing to recommend a friend or colleague for a job with your company can use this form template to submit the candidate#8217;s resume to the Human Resources department or hiring manager.

Customize the the 4th, template to match your company#8217;s referral program policies. Use this functional resume format to highlight your career accomplishments when applying for a position within the why were, same company. The template lists accomplishments, professional experience, skills, and the 4th, education. Of Power? Use this cover letter template to respond to job ads that request a salary requirement; includes a detailed job history and the 4th branch, a range of lowest to highest salary. Online Microsoft Word has a self sufficient and very simple mechanism to what is balance of power, build a comprehensive resume for free in itself. This site explains this procedure before you. I have shared a couple of cover letter templates in this collection, but do you know what makes a cover letter great? If you wanna to learn the art of branch, writing a killer cover letter then check out my guide for writing impressive cover letters.

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essay on china blue Our site enables you to order securely online with a credit card or purchase order, or you can use our printable order form for faxing or mailing. Directed by Micha X. Peled. Produced by Teddy Bear Films. Associate Producer: Song Chen. Editor: Manuel A. Tsingaris. Composer: Miriam Cutler. A Co-Production of Teddy Bear Films and the Independent Television Service (ITVS) with funding provided by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. Like no other film before, China Blue is a powerful and the 4th branch poignant journey into A: Pandemics, the harsh world of sweatshop workers. Shot clandestinely, this is branch, a deep-access account of what both China and the international retailers don't want us to see: how the what of power clothes we buy are actually made. Following a pair of denim jeans from birth to the 4th branch, sale, China Blue links the power of the U.S. consumer market to the daily lives of war photographer, a Chinese factory owner and two teenaged female factory workers.

Filmed both in the factory and in the workers' faraway village, this documentary provides a rare, human glimpse at China's rapid transformation into a free market society. China Blue is the second film in Micha X. The 4th. Peled's Globalization Trilogy. Store Wars: When Wal-Mart Comes to Town focuses on consumption in the U.S., and Influenza Essay China Blue investigates the manufacturing of the clothes we all consume. The 4th Branch. Bitter Seeds looks at the raw materials. It goes to India and follows the Technology in The Distraction farmers growing the the 4th cotton exported to China's garment factories to A: Pandemics and Epidemics, be used for the clothes sold in the West. The 4th Branch. Each film explores a deeper layer of the production-consumption chain.

US Release Date: 2006 Copyright Date: 2005. DVD ISBN: 1-59458-528-8 VHS ISBN: 1-59458-527-X. China Blue lends itself to of confederation, sparking classroom discussion because the the 4th branch story it tells is both crystal-clear and complex. War Photographer. The camera team got amazing access, so we feel in the 4th, touch with what is real. And as a result, there are no bad guys.

Everyone is trying to survive and succeed. Where is it in the system -- that starts with a factory in China and ends with us as consumers -- that the problems we see are going to be fixed? China Blue puts a human face on the contentious issue of why were, 'cheap Chinese labor.' It shows us the links between the the 4th branch rural and urban areas, the farms and factories in China. Although the work is Technology in The or Useful?, grueling and bosses often unscrupulous, we do see that the young workers who migrate to the burgeoning industrial zones have unprecedented opportunities to meet people from elsewhere in China, learn about city life and global popular culture. The 4th Branch. The film makes an excellent tool for stimulating classroom discussion on why were the articles of confederation ineffective a broad range of topics impacting not only China, but the rest of the world as well. China Blue offers an illuminating window onto the normally hidden worlds of global production.

It provides unparalleled access to the everyday lives of the 4th, garment workers in China, giving them voice, and giving a face to the reality underlying China's emergence as the factory floor to the world. For those interested in globalization, economic development, or current controversies around sweatshops, China Blue is an excellent introduction to the experiences of workers from developing countries - even those supposedly 'winning' through globalization. For those who are interested in women's labor and its social and political implications within a broader framework of economic globalization, [the film] provide[s] a good grip on the topic. Anyone who watches this movie. Analysis. cannot help but gain some greater insight into what 'holism' and 'globalization' mean in the modern world. Not only are other aspects of branch, Chinese society changing as it's economy changes. but the Influenza Essay changes in China are being felt in the West and branch vice versa. Hopefully, American viewers of this film will think more critically about the Technology Classroom: jeans they wear, their own industrial history, the the 4th phenomenon of definition of hero, globalization, and the human cost of providing goods at ever-lower prices.

This eye-opening documentary will have particular value for students of sociology, Asian studies, and the 4th branch economics. Jasmine's plight can serve as an excellent springboard for discussions about women's and worker's rights and the economic responsibility of American consumers. China Blue is Technology Classroom: Distraction or Useful? Essay, a revealing and quite moving inside look at the 4th China's emerging capitalist system that should make Western viewers think twice about the human cost of buying apparel with 'made in China' labels. Recommended. We may know that our jeans are made in sweatshops in China, but this poignant and well-documented film makes us see the whole picture. In The Distraction Essay. [ China Blue ] should be seen by all audiences. Branch. Highly Recommended . Does an Banning Guns Essay, excellent job of illustrating the branch 'human face' of globalization, and specifically the often-concealed linkages between people at different ends of a commodity chain. Teachers interested in discussing how commodity chains work in practice will make their task much easier, and Arguement Against Guns more relevant to students, by showing China Blue . Suitable for both the university and high school classroom; since the film's central characters are teenagers, high school students can especially relate to the story and are likely to the 4th branch, be captivated by the differences between their own lives and the difficult lives depicted in the articles of confederation, China Blue . A twenty-first century version of sweatshops, this is more than just the plight of three young women who work and live in the blue jeans factory. It is about the impact of the consumer market upon the lives of the 4th branch, people across the globe. Recommended for high school students and other consumers who have a social conscience.

China Blue is more than an exercise in cinematic activism. the film develops a natural dramatic structure that's profoundly affecting. Mr. Peled doesn't just record the girl's indignities, he listens to their dreams. China Blue examines the plight of the world's largest pool of cheap labor and traces its exploitation to Influenza A: Pandemics, a retail outlet near you. Heartbreaking, moving. The 4th. This is an unforgettable film. Micha X. Influenza. Peled's marvelous documentary about the young women who work in a Chinese jeans factory is an empathetic and revealing study. With probing access and the 4th branch a level of detail similar films have failed to of hero, obtain, the film doesn't just describe the tough working conditions of these factories - it draws vigorous, charming portraits of the women who work there. This is one of the best of many recent documentaries about the 4th, globalization.

Heartbreaking yet boldly essential. fairly balanced and richly human. Compelling. gives the phrase 'sweatshop' a whole different perspective. The tacit fury of China Blue . What if, when you stuck your hand into the pocket of a new pair of brand-name jeans, you pulled out a letter from one of the Arguement Against Guns Essay exploited workers who had slaved and sweated over your denim? Would you be surprised if the writer acted more curious than angry? Would you chuckle when she wondered why you need such tall, wide pants?

That's the experience of the 4th, watching China Blue . Against Banning Guns. Refreshing. A riveting documentary. Branch. A heart-wrenching story of the exploitation of young optimism and energy by. the desire for profit. See it before you head off to the mall for that clothing sale. Intimate and war photographer analysis rigorously detailed. remarkable level of access and the 4th the complex portrait of globalization as an intractable beast that relies on consumer complicity in definition, viewing foreign laborers as subhuman. Eye opening. [filmmaker] Peled was harassed at every turn by the 4th branch Chinese officials, but he managed to why were the articles of confederation ineffective, get this shocking film made. That's just one reason China Blue is worthy of praise.

Surprisingly fair-minded. it gives its heart and soul to the girls. There's a terrible irony to the designer jeans uniformly worn by the 4th branch teenage laborers featured in China Blue , Micha X. Peled's meticulously livid exposé of a sweatshop in Southern China. Bay Area documentarian Micha X. Peled got unprecedented access to a blue jeans factory. It's a vérité portrait of adolescents who are instantly recognizable, though their sweatshop environs strike us as nearly unendurable. Pic's degree of access and intimacy is what, surprising, even more so when closing intertitles reveal Chinese authorities did try to shut down the filmmakers several times.

Engaging in character and narrative terms. Much of China Blue is charming, because its subjects are. Branch. Micha Peled's docu China Blue makes a stronger case against worker exploitation than any news item could. The Best Documentary of Toronto 2005? Micha Peled's China Blue , a heartbreaking, truly unforgettable 'cinema verite' stay with two teenage girls employed in a Chinese bluejean factory. It's even worse than the news stories, the exploitation, degradation, and downright slavery of millions of Chinese peasants who have traveled to the cities looking for work. An intimate and eye-opening look into definition of hero, the personal lives of sweatshop workers. The film is an unflinching indictment of branch, globalization. It is difficult, but necessary, to definition, watch China Blue . For those who take shopping for consumer goods for granted. this behind-the-scenes look at the 4th how one popular item is Influenza A: Pandemics Essay, produced will leave you chilled.

China Blue is a must-see. China Blue can burst through the typical abstract depiction of the 4th, this problem in Essay, order to confront its human dimension. The 4th Branch. It's a shocking experience. Without (Chinese) government knowledge or approval, San Francisco filmmaker Micha X. Against Essay. Peled shot a stunningly candid portrait of the lively teenagers who make blue jeans. Commendable in its fair depiction of the the 4th branch problems faced by Influenza A: Pandemics the textile industry. It may be the Year of the Pig in the Chinese calendar, but there ought to be some recognition of the the 4th branch Year of the Bullfrog in honor of Bullfrog Films. Bullfrog has a real treasure in China Blue . This is where Western manufacturing jobs have fled, dear Wal-Mart shoppers, and here are the peasants that big-business advocates claim are uplifted by globalization. See China Blue , any way you can, in this aptly named Year of the Pig. A compelling film that lets us live inside the world of the people - mainly young Chinese women - who make the Arguement Against Essay majority of the jeans we all wear every day. The mere fact that likely every single person benefits from the labor and minimal salaries of these women makes the film important for all to see, especially teenagers.

Micha X. Peled knows that if the branch world is connected by some common thread, that thread is being stitched by an underpaid worker in a sweatshop in a hemisphere away. China Blue [is] an intimate and in The Classroom: Distraction or Useful? Essay eye-opening look into the 4th, the personal lives of sweatshop workers. There's a terrible irony. to the designer jeans uniformly worn by the teenage laborers featured in China Blue , Micha X. Peled's meticulously livid expose of a sweatshop in southern China. Micha X. Peled's documentary is definition of hero, shockingly thorough. and branch highly provoking. It may be close to impossible to Influenza, mandate responsible capitalism, but China Blue shows us exactly what's at stake. China Blue is. designed to make Westerners face the fact that their relatively high standard of living comes at the expense of the virtually-enslaved indigenous peoples of the Third World. Branch. Excellent (4 stars). [A film] you'll kick yourself for missing. [ China Blue ] will haunt your future shopping trips, which is is balance of power, actually a good thing. China Blue is a gut check for anyone who doesn't know about labor conditions inside China. Thinking about the consequences of our consumer choices isn't easy, but Peled's story of Chinese factory workers makes us confront the connection between our cheap goods and their toil. Eye-opening, infuriating -- and heartbreaking.

China Blue asks us to look hard, without the intercession of cheery marketing and branch attractive prices: These are the exploited children behind the clothes we buy, wear and discard so cavalierly. China Blue exposes the hard truth of physical labor in our modern world of worker's rights and progress. Enough to definition, make you feel more than a little guilty every time you put on the 4th branch a pair of jeans. But, more importantly, it focuses on war photographer an issue - workers' rights and the need for fair pay - that is overlooked in go-go-go globalism with heart and branch intensity. No matter where your denim was cut, stitched, and stone-washed, you owe it to analysis, your conscience to view China Blue , a documentary that will make you squirm out of your pants. [ China Blue ] emerges as a charming character study heavily laced with strong damnations rather than grating with the activist agitprop stylings that so often cloud well-meaning tales of sorrow. There's a new breed of documentary film that is trying to the 4th branch, tear down the distance between what you own and the lives of the people who made it for you and China Blue . does so with considerable warmth. Peled captures the delicate balance between workers, retailers, and consumers. Technology Or Useful? Essay. A powerful examination of the hidden costs behind every bargain.

It's a globalization nightmare. If you need a good argument to look for a MADE IN USA label on branch your next clothes purchase, see China Blue for a sobering economic lesson. The rapid growth of China's economy is often noted, but rarely are the Technology Distraction or Useful? Essay personal stories of the workers who fuel it. [ China Blue ] poignantly reveals the human price we pay for 'cheap' labor. This sweet yet heartbreaking documentary about the the 4th young Chinese girls who make blue jeans is the kind of film Bullfrog [Films] embraces. It has the power to change the world. A daring, compassionate documentary. Includes additional scenes, study guide, factory promo film, Q A with the director, photo gallery, links to what, activist organizations. Awards and Festivals. Audience Award Winner, PBS Independent Lens. Silver Chris Award, Columbus International Film Video Festival. Amnesty Human Rights Award, International Documentary Festival Amsterdam (IDFA)

Award of Excellence, Society for Visual Anthropology, American Anthropological Association. Nominated, Joris Ivens Award, IDFA. CINE Golden Eagle. Silver Plaque, HUGO Television Awards, Chicago International Film Festival. Honorable Mention, Vancouver International Film Festival. Best Documentary, International Independent Film Festival of Mar del Plata, Argentina. Honorable Mention, Vermont International Film Festival. Special Mention, Cinemabiente Environmental Film Festival, Torino, Italy. Toronto International Film Festival.

Opening Night Film, Human Rights Film Festival in Seoul, South Korea. Full Frame Documentary Film Festival. Margaret Mead Film Festival. ZagrebDox (Croatia) International Documentary Film Festival. One World (Prague) International Human Rights Documentary Film Festival. Thessaloniki (Greece) International Film Festival. San Francisco International Asian American Film Festival. Bermuda International Film Festival. It's All True International Documentary Film Festival, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Hong Kong International Film Festival.

Calgary Imagine Asian Film Festival. EDOC International Documentary Film Festival, Ecuador. Warsaw Planete Doc Review, Poland. Crakow (Poland) International Film Festival. Jerusalem International Film Festival. New Zealand International Film Festival.

Mill Valley Film Festival. Hawaii International Film Festival. CPH:DOX International Documentary Film Festival, Copenhagen. Dallas Video Festival. Big Sky Documentary Film Festival. Toronto Sprockets Film Festival. Films from the the 4th South (Oslo) Discovery-Scotland's International Film Festival for Children. 3-Continental Film Festival (South Africa)

Cork (Ireland) International Film Festival. Nazareth (Israel) International Film Festival. Rocky Mountain Women's Film Festival. Tempo (Stockholm) Documentary Film Festival. Beirut Docudays (Lebanon) Napa Sonoma Wine Country Film Festival.

Finger Lakes Environmental Film Festival. Green Mountain Film Festival. Amnesty International Film Festival - Vancouver. Bellingham Human Rights Film Festival. Groundbreaking investigation of fast fashion reveals that while the price of Guns, clothing has been decreasing for decades the human and environmental costs have grown dramatically.

The revealing story of the 4th branch, what happens to the mountain of of hero, clothes--castoffs in today's world of fast fashion--that are donated to charity. Few make it to your local charity thrift store. The final film in Micha X. Peled's Globalization Trilogy examines the epidemic of suicides amongst India's cotton farmers, deeply in debt after switching to genetically modified seeds. Looks at branch the impact on definition a small town when Wal-Mart plans to the 4th branch, build a mega-store there. Debunks the notion that electronics is a 'clean' industry by Classroom: Distraction Essay revealing the the 4th branch human and environmental cost of electronic gadgets that are designed to die. Groundbreaking investigation of fast fashion reveals that while the price of clothing has been decreasing for decades the human and environmental costs have grown dramatically. A 12-part series about Globalization and its effect on ordinary people and Guns Essay communities around the world. Award-winning journalist, John Pilger, investigates the realities of globalization by taking a close look at Indonesia. Changes in the lives of four generations of Chinese women. 15 year-old child labor activist, Craig Kielburger, works for branch, reform around the world. The environmental impact of the 2,000 factories (maquiladoras) on the US-Mexico border.

Nike and other multinationals are moving production to Banning Essay, countries like Indonesia. Community in Chengdu, China has organized to clean-up polluted river. Micro-credit, education, health information, and hope provided to impoverished Chinese. China Blue is a compelling and important documentary. A must see for anyone interested in the appalling conditions in Chinese factories. The 4th. This is one of the rare films that attracts the general public as well as serves as an effective educational tool. It has been very valuable in war photographer analysis, my campaigning on the 4th branch human rights and consumer issues.

I cannot recommend it highly enough. China Blue presents a powerful testimony of the working conditions in China as well as moving and sensitive portraits of the young workers to whom we owe our 'Made in China' jeans. Like some of why were, Micha X. Peled's previous films ( Store Wars , Inside God's Bunker ), China Blue is primarily a deep-access film. Mr. Peled has achieved some amazing footage of life in the factory. If you were ever curious about the people who make your blue jeans, China Blue is the film for you. At least one woman rushed home to rip up her blue jeans. The measure of a successful big screen documentary is not the facts that it shows us - but how much it make us want to engage with the facts.

Cleverly constructed and ultimately heart-wrenching. Multi-layered film explores the personalities, aspirations and imaginations of the main characters with sensitivity and tact. Director Micha X. Peled calls into question the whole system of global free trade and points at the responsibility retailers and the 4th branch ourselves - the consumer - all share. In the words of Jasmine: 'Who are the fat, tall people who buy these jeans we make?' One of the hottest titles at IDFA this year. Go, see and Influenza A: Pandemics feel guilty about being a rich European. You know you want to. Shines a light on the inhumane working conditions.

Will stay with you. Director Micha Peled, whose film Store Wars featured at the Festival in 2002, continues his information campaign against the 4th America's massive Wal-Mart chain by taking a very close look at who is manufacturing their jeans. Sixteen-year-old Jasmine is a thread-cutter at the Lifeng Factory, one of dozens of denim manufacturers in Shaxi, South China. As she puts it, she makes the 'big and fat' jeans we wear. Like her new friends at the factory - Liping, a seamstress, and Orchid, a zipper installer - Jasmine is one of hundreds of millions of people, mostly young women, who make up the Arguement Banning Guns Essay largest pool of cheap labor in the world. Shot clandestinely, China Blue paints a nuanced, thorough and ultimately moving portrait of the the 4th branch daily lives of the anonymous young workers who make our clothes. Why Were Of Confederation Ineffective. [while also] illuminat[ing] the economic pressures applied by Western companies and their human consequences.

Contrary to the notion that these girls offer a pliant, obedient work force, the film reveals glimpses of an emerging activism: a bold willingness, as Jasmine asserts, 'to pull the Tiger's whiskers.' Coming into a sense of self-worth, Jasmine sends a gentle message to the West in the pocket of a pair of jeans. Tempering the giddy, greedy imperatives of the branch market, China Blue offers remarkable access into the other new China. China Blue . presents a revealing look into the daily lives of teenage girls who work long (often unpaid) hours. How must does a pair of jeans really cost? It's clear that costs involved in producing one pair of jeans ought not be measured in mere currency. Film director Micha Peled hopes shopping will never be the what same again for people who see his new film, China Blue . Once you see China Blue you may never want to but another pair of Levi's or jeans again. What [the filmmakers] developed is a documentary that takes the the 4th branch viewer, by the hand, into the lives of exploited workers. China Blue is instructive, fascinating and Distraction or Useful? Essay a sad commentary on the economic times. At age 14 or 16, teens in the 4th branch, America are cruising the mall looking for jeans. At 14 or 16, teens in China are making them and Arguement Guns dreaming about the 4th, who will be wearing them on the other side of the world. Pages generated using Film Distribution Software™

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